The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) was created by Congress in 1998 as an interagency research, development, and applications partnership between the U.S. Department of the Interior and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Funding priorities and policies are set by the JFSP Governing Board, which includes representatives from the Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Geological Survey, and five representatives from the Forest Service. The mission of JFSP is to: 1) provide credible research tailored to the needs of fire and fuel managers, 2) engage and listen to clients and then develop focused, strategic lines of new research responsive to those needs; 3) solicit proposals from scientists who compete for funding through a rigorous peer-review process designed to ensure the best projects are funded; and 4) focus on science delivery when research is completed with a suite of communication tools to ensure that managers are aware of, understand, and can use the information to make sound decisions and implement projects. The Program is uniquely positioned to tailor wildland fire research in response to the emerging needs of policymakers and fire managers. An annual cycle of proposal solicitation, review, and funding ensures timely response to evolving conditions. Research projects complement and build on other federal research programs, such as those in the Forest Service Forest and Rangeland Research Stations, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Fire Plan. Synthesis of research findings and targeted delivery to managers are essential components of the Program. More than 90 colleges and universities have also collaborated on and partnered with JFSP-sponsored research projects. By engaging masters and doctoral candidates in these projects, the JFSP is training the next generation of resource managers and scientists. This collaboration extends to private, non-profit organizations and tribal, state, county, and local governments as well. In all, nearly 200 organizations have become partners in JFSP-sponsored research.