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Type: Conference Proceedings
Author(s): Kurt F. Kipfmueller; Tim Hepola
Editor(s): Bret W. Butler; Wayne A. Cook
Publication Date: 2007

Oak savanna woodlands were once a dominant ecotone throughout the upper Midwest. These ecosystems represented a transitional zone between prairie communities to the west that eventually graded into Big Woods forest. Most of the oak savanna landscapes of most of the Midwest were extensively homesteaded and farmed during the middle 1800s and few intact savanna landscapes remain today. Given the current interest in preserving, maintaining, and restoring these systems, it is imperative that the natural factors that have shaped these areas are investigated. This research investigates the potential of developing reference conditions in a relatively intact oak savanna in the Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota. This research provides a context for current management activities centered on maintaining and restoring oak savanna ecosystems.

Online Links
Citation: Kipfmueller, Kurt F.; Hepola, Tim. 2007. Fire history and age structure analysis in the Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge: establishing reference conditions in a remnant oak savanna woodland. Pages 507-514 In: Butler, Bret W.; Cook, Wayne (comps.). The fire environment-innovations, management, and policy; conference proceedings. 26-30 March 2007; Destin, FL. Proceedings RMRS-P-46CD. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Cataloging Information

  • fire management
  • Minnesota
  • oak savanna woodlands
  • preservation
  • Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 7548