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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Ismail El-Madafri; Marta Peña; Noelia Olmedo-Torre
Publication Date: 2024

This study introduces a novel hierarchical domain-adaptive learning framework designed to enhance wildfire detection capabilities, addressing the limitations inherent in traditional convolutional neural networks across varied forest environments. The framework innovatively employs a dual-dataset approach, integrating both non-forest and forest-specific datasets to train a model adept at handling diverse wildfire scenarios. The methodology leverages a novel framework that combines shared layers for broad feature extraction with specialized layers for forest-specific details, demonstrating versatility across base models. Initially demonstrated with EfficientNetB0, this adaptable approach could be applicable with various advanced architectures, enhancing wildfire detection. The research’s comparative analysis, benchmarking against conventional methodologies, showcases the proposed approach’s enhanced performance. It particularly excels in accuracy, precision, F1-score, specificity, MCC, and AUC-ROC. This research significantly reduces false positives in wildfire detection through a novel blend of multi-task learning, dual-dataset training, and hierarchical domain adaptation. Our approach advances deep learning in data-limited, complex environments, offering a critical tool for ecological conservation and community protection against wildfires.

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Citation: El-Madafri, Ismail; Peña, Marta; Olmedo-Torre, Noelia. 2024. Dual-dataset deep learning for improved forest fire detection: a novel hierarchical domain-adaptive learning approach. Mathematics 12(4):534.

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  • convolutional neural network
  • deep learning
  • domain adaptation
  • false positive
  • fire detection
  • forest fire detection
  • forest monitoring
  • hierarchical learning
  • remote sensing
  • transfer learning
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FRAMES Record Number: 69166