StratoFIRE: modeling wildfire smoke in the stratosphere
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Stergios Misios; Andreas Chrysanthou; Kostas Tsigaridis; Vassilis Amiridis
Publication Year: 2023

Cataloging Information

  • global climate models
  • pyroCb
  • stratosphere
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: November 22, 2023
FRAMES Record Number: 68746


The most extreme manifestation of a fire–weather interaction is the formation of pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCb) thunderstorms, triggered by super-heated updrafts, which can eject smoke at altitudes exceeding 20 Km. In this study, we investigated climate-related impacts from the most intensive pyroCb-triggered injection of smoke in the stratosphere: the Australian New Year wildfires in 2019/2020. We first provide a general overview of the vision and objectives of the StratoFIRE project. With the aid of the global chemistry-climate model EMAC, we then simulate radiative and chemical perturbations in the stratosphere in relation to 0.9 Tg smoke in the stratosphere assuming different injection heights, from 13 to 16 Km. The simulation of stratospheric optical depth perturbations were found to be sensitive to the assumed injection height, with a maximum height at 16 Km showing the best agreement with the GLOSSAC and SAGE-ISS aerosol extinction observations.

Online Link(s):
Misios, Stergios; Chrysanthou, Andreas; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Amiridis, Vassilis. 2023. StratoFIRE: modeling wildfire smoke in the stratosphere. Environmental Sciences Proceedings 26(1):180.