Skip to main content

Resource Catalog


Type: Journal Article
Author(s): J. P. Blake; J. B. Hess; W. D. Berry
Publication Date: June 2013

Limited information exists concerning the requirements for brooding bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) chicks to maintain livability and health. Three short-term (14-d) studies were conducted to evaluate brooding temperature requirements on early performance and livability. In experiments 1 and 2, birds were brooded at either 85 or 95ºF (29.4 or 35.0ºC). Birds subjected to the 85 vs. 95ºF brooding temperature exhibited significantly decreased BW gains of 1.84 (P = 0.026) and 1.78 g (P = 0.090) for experiments 1 and 2, respectively, during the 0- to 7-d period. In experiment 1, birds maintained on the 85ºF regimen compensated with a significant (P = 0.002) increase in BW gain compared with birds brooded at 95ºF during the 7- to 14-d period (18.10 vs. 16.83 g, respectively). In experiment 3, bobwhite quail were brooded at 90, 95, or 100ºF (32.2, 35.0, or 37.8ºC). For 0 to 7 d, birds maintained at 95ºF gained 9.65 g/bird compared with those maintained at 90 and 100ºF, which gained 9.11 and 9.10 g/bird, respectively (P = 0.536). During the 7- to 14-d period, birds maintained at 90ºF gained 18.1 g/bird (P = 0.001) compared with 95 and 100ºF, which gained 15.80 and 15.31 g/bird, respectively. Feed consumption for the 7- to 14-d period was greatest (P = 0.066) in the 90ºF versus the 100ºF group (31.28 vs. 26.96 g/bird, respectively), as the 95ºF group remained intermediate (29.15 g/bird). In conclusion, bobwhite quail require a brooding temperature of 90 to 95ºF (32.2-35.0ºC) from 0 to 7 d, followed by a reduction to 85 to 90ºF (29.4-32.2ºC) during the 7- to 14-d period posthatch.

Citation: Blake, J. P., J. B. Hess, and W. D. Berry. 2013. Early brooding temperature considerations for bobwhite quail. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, v. 22, no. 2, p. 329-333.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • bobwhite quail
  • bobwhite quail
  • brooding
  • Colinus virginianus
  • fire dependent species
  • game birds
  • reproduction
  • temperature
  • temperature
  • threatened and endangered species (animals)
  • wildlife management
Tall Timbers Record Number: 28352Location Status: Not in fileCall Number: Available on ILL onlyAbstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 51473

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.