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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): J. P. Blake; J. B. Hess
Publication Date: June 2013

Native bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) populations have declined during the previous 40 yr, and as a result, about 20 million birds are produced commercially to fulfill hunting needs. Limited information exists concerning the dietary requirements of bobwhite quail, and producers could benefit from such information. In experiment 1, a 26% protein starter diet (2,810 kcal of ME/kg) was fed from 7 to 21, 28, 35, or 42 d of age followed by 20% protein grower diet (2,810 kcal of ME/kg) introduced at the appropriate time and fed to 56 d of age. In experiment 2, a 26% protein starter diet was fed from 7 to 42 d of age where dietary treatments were control, phytase enzyme, mannan oligosaccharide, and penicillin. Afterward, a 20% grower diet containing no additives was fed from 42 to 56 d of age. In experiment 1, early growth was significantly (P < 0.05) delayed in birds fed the starter diet to 21 d of age. However, by 56 d of age, BW and FE averaged 149 g/bird and 4.51, respectively, with no differences between treatments. Therefore, bobwhite quail subjected to a decrease in protein intake are responsive to compensatory gain. In experiment 2, feed additives had no effect on improving BW gain, feed consumption, or FE under the conditions of this experiment. By 56 d of age, average BW and FE were 148 g/bird and 4.42, respectively.

Citation: Blake, J. P., and J. B. Hess. 2013. Performance of bobwhite quail fed different levels of protein and feed additive supplementation. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, v. 22, no. 2, p. 314-318.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • antibiotic
  • bobwhite quail
  • bobwhite quail
  • Colinus virginianus
  • enzyme
  • enzymes
  • fire dependent species
  • game birds
  • mannan oligosaccharide
  • protein
  • protein
  • threatened and endangered species (animals)
  • wildlife food habits
  • wildlife management
Tall Timbers Record Number: 28351Location Status: Not in fileCall Number: Available on ILL onlyAbstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 51472

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.