Acute, subacute, and subchronic exposure to 2A-DNT (2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene) in the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): M. J. Quinn; C. A. McFarland; E. M. LaFiandra; M. A. Bazar; M. S. Johnson
Publication Year: 2010

Cataloging Information

  • 2-Amino-4, 6-dinitrotoluene
  • 2A-DNT
  • birds
  • bobwhite quail
  • Colinus
  • Colinus virginianus
  • explosive
  • fire dependent species
  • game birds
  • military lands
  • northern bobwhite
  • threatened and endangered species (animals)
  • TNT
  • toxicity
  • wildlife management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 48704
Tall Timbers Record Number: 24890
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Not in File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


2-Amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene (2A-DNT) is a metabolite of the explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) which is present in the soil at numerous U.S. Army installations as the result of TNT manufacture or training activities. Although many avian species are known to inhabit areas where 2A-DNT has been found in the environment, no published studies of the effects of 2A-DNT exposure in birds are available. In this study, we conducted an evaluation of the oral toxicity of 2A-DNT in a representative ground foraging species of management concern, the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). Subacute (14 days) and subchronic (60 days) oral gavage exposure studies were conducted following determination of the median acute lethal dose (

Quinn, M. J., C. A. McFarland, E. M. LaFiandra, M. A. Bazar, and M. S. Johnson. 2010. Acute, subacute, and subchronic exposure to 2A-DNT (2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene) in the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). Ecotoxicology, v. 19, no. 5, p. 945-952. 10.1007/s10646-010-0476-1.