Restoring Indian-set fires to prairie ecosystems on the Olympic Peninsula
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Jacilee Wray; M. Kat Anderson
Publication Year: 2003

Cataloging Information

  • agriculture
  • Camassia
  • Carex obnupta
  • Cervus elaphus
  • cover type conversion
  • European settlement
  • ferns
  • fire regimes
  • Galium
  • Gaultheria shallon
  • Gentiana
  • Geum
  • grasslike plants
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • histories
  • human caused fires
  • hunting
  • invertebrates
  • land management
  • land use
  • Ledum groenlandicum
  • Lepidoptera
  • livestock
  • Lycaena
  • Maianthemum
  • multiple resource management
  • national parks
  • Native Americans
  • perennial plants
  • plant communities
  • population ecology
  • prairies
  • presettlement fires
  • Pyrus fusca
  • site treatments
  • species diversity (plants)
  • succession
  • Vaccinium oxycoccos
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: December 30, 2020
FRAMES Record Number: 42641
Tall Timbers Record Number: 17755
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-E
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


From the text: 'If ecological restoration is defined as returning ecosystems to the condition in which they existed before non-indigenous settlement, then we argue that with certain ecosystems—such as the prairies on the Olympic Peninsula - their condition is not an entirely natural one. Such prairies are not only edaphically and climatically determined but may also have been greatly affected by indigenous burning. Prairie ecosystems with their rich biodiversity are disappearing throughout much of the Pacific Northwest, and specifically on the Olympic Peninsula, because they are being overgrown by conifers and shrubs. Research findings of anthropologists, ecologists, soil scientists, and palynologists point to the cessation of Native American burning as one of the major factors connected with the decline of prairies throughout the West. This article explores the importance of Pacific Northwest prairie ecosystems to biocultural diversity conservation, details their creation and maintenance through natural and cultural processes, and makes a case for their restoration in Olympic National Park and the surrounding region of the Olympic Peninsula using Native American traditional ecological knowledge and practices.'

Online Link(s):
Wray, Jacilee, and M. Kat Anderson. 2003. Restoring Indian-set fires to prairie ecosystems on the Olympic Peninsula. Ecological Restoration 21(4):296-301.