Response of 2 semiarid grasslands to cool-season prescribed fire
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): C. S. White; S. R. Loftin
Publication Year: 2000

Cataloging Information

  • Artemisia filifolia
  • Atriplex canescens
  • Bouteloua curtipendula
  • Bouteloua eriopoda
  • Bouteloua gracilis
  • burning intervals
  • cover
  • droughts
  • ecotones
  • erosion
  • fire management
  • fire suppression
  • grasses
  • grasslands
  • Gutierrezia sarothrae
  • Hilaria jamesii
  • invasive species
  • Isocoma
  • Juniperus
  • mosaic
  • New Mexico
  • nitrogen
  • overstory
  • perennial plants
  • Pinus edulis
  • post fire recovery
  • precipitation
  • Prosopis
  • range management
  • rangelands
  • runoff
  • season of fire
  • soil erosion
  • soil nutrients
  • Sporobolus
  • statistical analysis
  • storms
  • vegetation surveys
  • watershed management
  • woody plants
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 37546
Tall Timbers Record Number: 12026
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-J
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Woody perennials have invaded semiarid grasslands throughout the Southwestern United States. This invasion was coupled with decreased grass cover and increased runoff and soil erosion. Fire, which was a natural force that shaped and maintained the grasslands, is a management tool that may aid in restoring and maintaining grass cover. However, fire also poses the risk of increasing erosion and further soil degradation because protection afforded by vegetation is reduced immediately after the fire. Using a randomized block study design, this study measured vegetation cover, soil potentially mineralizable N, and erosion associated with the first application of prescribed fire on 2 semiarid grasslands. The potential for adverse effects from these fires was great because the fires occurred at the beginning of a drought period. However, the effects of the burn were minor relative to the effects of the drought, which caused the greatest change. Grass cover on the burn plots was nearly equal to grass cover on the controls 1 year after the fire. After 2 growing seasons, grass cover was equal on the control and burn plots. Potentially mineralizable soil N and sediment transport were similar on the control and burned plots during the 2 years following the fire, Thus, prescribed fire for reducing the cover of woody perennials may not increase the risk of site degradation over that caused by drought and weather fluctuations.© Society for Range Management. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
White, C. S., and S. R. Loftin. 2000. Response of 2 semiarid grasslands to cool-season prescribed fire. Journal of Range Management, v. 53, no. 1, p. 52-61.