Document


Title

Fire in dipterocarp forests
Document Type: Book Chapter
Author(s): J. G. Goldammer; B. Seibert; W. Schindele
Editor(s): A. Schulte; D. Schöne
Publication Year: 1996

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • aborigines
  • agriculture
  • Asia
  • biomass
  • Borneo
  • charcoal
  • chemical elements
  • chemistry
  • Dipterocarpus
  • droughts
  • ENSO
  • fire intensity
  • fire regimes
  • forest management
  • forest types
  • human caused fires
  • soils
  • tropical forests
  • wildfires
  • wood chemistry
Region(s):
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 36566
Tall Timbers Record Number: 10952
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Abundant charcoal in forest soils gives evidence of prehistoric and historic natural and anthropogenic wildfires in perhumid lowland and in seasonal Dipterocarp forest types of continental and insular South Asia. Favorable conditions for the occurrence of historic and contemporary rain forest fires are associated with cyclic droughts caused by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation [ENSO] event. The escalating pressure of wildfires on the Dipterocarp forest biome originates from swidden agriculture systems and forest conversion programs. A detailed study of the ecological consequences of the wildfires of 1982-83 was conducted on an area of 2.7x106 ha of rain forest in East Kalimantan. The results show that Dipterocarps are very susceptible to fire and are replaced by pioneer and fire-tolerant species which occupy the disturbed sites or survive the immediate fire effects. Smoke from forest conversion burning causes considerable environmental problems reducing visibility, and affecting human health. In addition, emissions from forest fires may even influence the atmospheric chemistry on a global scale.

Citation:
Goldammer, J. G., B. Seibert, and W. Schindele. 1996. Fire in dipterocarp forests, in A Schulte and D Schöne eds., Dipterocarp forest ecosystems: towards sustainable management. River Edge, NJ, World Scientific, p. 155-185.