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"The Basics of Satellite Data for Smoke and Fire" is presented in two parts for a total of about 16 minutes. These videos introduce concepts such as the distinction between polar-orbiting and polar-stationary satellites, descriptions of
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Mapping, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: satellite data, HAQAST - Health and Air Quality Applied Science Team, smoke forecasting, satellite imagery

Space-borne sensors provide the only way to monitor the global distribution and characteristics of fire. Dramatic satellite maps showing fire activity across the entire Earth have been providing a unique picture of fire activity for the last three decades. This…
Person:
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: satellite remote sensing, flaming, smoldering fires, fire-affected area

This page contains a series of instructional videos addressing wildland fire and satellite smoke. Topics include a basic overview, instrumentation, data, and more.
Person:
Year:
Type: Website
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): International
Keywords:

Obtaining accurate measures of exposure to forest fire smoke is important for the assessment of health risk. Estimating exposure from air quality monitors is challenging because of the sparseness of the monitoring networks in remote areas. However, satellite
Person:
Year: 2011
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Mapping, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: smoke plume, satellite imagery, smoke exposure, algorithms, British Columbia, Canada, satellite data

Here we present the results of satellite monitoring of wildfires in Australia for the period of 2001–2020. Annual and monthly dynamics of wildfire areas and CO and CO2 carbon-bearing trace gas emissions from wildfires have been analyzed for the whole territory…
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): International
Keywords: satellite monitoring, remote sensing, anomalous wildfires, Australia, CO - carbon monoxide, CO2 - carbon dioxide, AIRS - atmospheric infrared sounder, drought, trace gas emissions, temperature anomalies

Intense forest fires in western North America during August, 2017, caused smoke plumes that reached the stratosphere. While this phenomenon has often been observed, this particular event caused increases in stratospheric aerosol extinction at higher altitudes with greater…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: aerosol, wildfires, stratosphere, satellite limb, OSIRIS, Canada

Meteorological conditions, extremely conducive to fire development and spread in the spring of 1987, resulted in forest fires burning over extremely large areas in the boreal forest zone in northeastern China and the southeastern region of Siberia. The great China fire, one of…
Person:
Year: 1994
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels, Mapping, Weather
Region(s): International
Keywords: boreal forest, China, gas emissions, satellite imagery, Siberia

Many large grass fires occurred in north Texas and southern Oklahoma on 9 April 2009, destroying hundreds of homes and businesses and burning thousands of acres of grasslands, producing large smoke and debris plumes that were visible from various remote sensing platforms. At the…
Person:
Year: 2010
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fire Occurrence
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: satellite observations, radar observations, remote sensing, fire detection, grass fire

Data and algorithms from earth-orbiting satellite observations provide key components in scientists' tools that can map active fires and burn scars. Fire perimeter maps can then be crafted using this data. Armed with fire perimeter maps that have been linked to…
Person:
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: air quality, particulates, algorithms, gases, satellite data, air quality forecasting

A major goal in satellite remote sensing of fire is to derive globally accurate measurements of the spatial and temporal distribution of burning. To date, the main sensor employed in fire and fire-scar detection has been the Advanced Very High Resolution…
Person:
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: fire scars, AVHRR - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer, fire detection, trace gas emissions, active fires, satellite remote sensing

Fire location and burning area are essential parameters for estimating fire emissions. However, ground-based fire data (such as fire perimeters from incident reports) are often not available with the timeliness required for real-time forecasting. Fire detection products derived…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest
Keywords: wildfires, satellite data, burned area, estimation model, fire detections, hot spots, fire detection

In 2019 the Canadian Space Agency initiated development of a dedicated wildfire monitoring satellite (WildFireSat) mission. The intent of this mission is to support operational wildfire management, smoke and air quality forecasting, and wildfire carbon emissions…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Mapping, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Planning
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfire management, wildfire, remote sensing, satellite imagery, Canada, design, satellite, wildfire detection, air quality, carbon emissions, user requirements, wildland fire, forest fire, Earth Observation

Prescribed burning (PB) is one of the most prominent sources of PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm) in the southeastern United States. The PB emissions estimates may have significant uncertainty because they are based on the burned areas…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: GFED - Global Fire Emissions Database, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, burned area, satellite detection, fire detection

PM2.5, or fine particulate matter, is a category of air pollutant consisting of particles with effective aerodynamic diameter equal to or less than 2.5 microns. These particles have been linked to human health impacts as well as regional haze, visibility, and climate change…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): California
Keywords: air quality, cost, satellite, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, human health, haze, visibility

Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, has periodically struggled with intense fire events. These events convert substantial amounts of carbon stored as peat to atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and significantly affect atmospheric composition on a regional to global scale.…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): International
Keywords: Southeast Asia, Indonesia, CO - carbon monoxide, remote sensing, satellite data, IASI - Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer, MOPITT - Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere instrument

A variety of environmental analysis applications have been advanced by the use of satellite remote sensing. Smoke detection based on satellite imagery is imperative for wildfire detection and monitoring. However, the commonly used smoke…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: smoke detection, wildfires, scene classification, CNN - convolution neural network, attention, remote sensing, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, satellite images

Wildland fires are one of the most dangerous natural risks, causing significant economic damage and loss of lives worldwide. Every year, millions of hectares are lost, and experts warn that the frequency and severity of wildfires will increase in the coming years due to climate…
Person:
Year: 2023
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Mapping
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: fire detection, fire spread, damage severity, wildfires, satellite, deep learning, remote sensing

We apply satellite fire detection products and air quality modeling to study the contribution of fire emissions to ambient aerosol concentrations over the southeastern U.S. We find that satellite MODIS fire counts show more extensive summer…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Intelligence, Models
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: wildfires, aerosols, air quality, remote sensing, fire management, PM2.5, OC, EC, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, Satellite Fire Remote Sensing, secondary organic aerosol, Algorithm, photooxidation, performance, validation

Fire is a major disturbance in the boreal forest, and has been shown to release significant amounts of carbon (C) to the atmosphere through combustion. However, less is known about the effects on ecosystems following fire, which include reduced productivity and changes in…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models
Region(s): Alaska, International
Keywords: boreal forest, Canada, combustion, decomposition, NDVI - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, carbon release, primary production, satellite imagery

Biomass burning is an important and changing component of global and hemispheric carbon cycles. Boreal forest fires in Russia and Canada are significant sources of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). The influence of carbon monoxide (CO) on the…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): International
Keywords: Canada, Russia, boreal forest, boreal fire, wildfires, thermal infrared, satellite data, CO2 - carbon dioxide, CO - carbon monoxide, AIRS - atmospheric infrared sounder, CH4 - methane

Since the 1990s, many peatlands that were drained for peat extraction and agriculture in Russia have been abandoned with high CO2 emissions and frequent fires, such as the enormous fires around Moscow in 2010. The fire hazard in these peatlands can be reduced through peatland…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Hazard and Risk
Region(s): International
Keywords: remote sensing, multispectral imagery, peat extraction lands, vegetation cover, peat fires, peatland rewetting, Russia, fire frequency, satellite data

Simulations of biomass burning (BB) emissions in global chemistry and aerosol transport models depend on external inventories, which provide location and strength for BB aerosol sources. Our previous work shows that to first order, satellite snapshots of aerosol…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: biomass burning, aerosol transport modeling, GFED - Global Fire Emissions Database, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, AOD - aerosol optical depth, satellite data, GOCART - Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport

Biomass burning substantially contributes to atmospheric aerosol and greenhouse gas emissions that influence climate and air quality. Fire radiative energy (FRE) (units: MJ) has been demonstrated to be linearly related to biomass consumption (units: kg) with potential for…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels
Region(s): California, Eastern, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest
Keywords: FBCC - FRE biomass combustion coefficient, biomass burning, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, Landsat

Based on online wildfire satellite-monitoring data, distributions of burned-out areas, as well as emission volumes of carbon-containing gases (СО and СО2) and fine aerosols (РМ2.5), for different regions and months in 2005-2016 (across the territory of Russia)…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior
Region(s): International
Keywords: satellite monitoring, remote sensing, satellite imagery, wildfires, pollutant emissions, atmosphere, Russia, Eurasia, area burned, PM2.5, CO - carbon monoxide, CO2 - carbon dioxide

Background Wildland fire (wildfire; bushfire) pollution contributes to poor air quality, a risk factor for premature death. The frequency and intensity of wildfires are expected to increase; improved tools for estimating exposure to fire smoke are vital. New-generation
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: wildfire, bushfire, remote sensing, health risk, AI - artificial intelligence, convolutional neural network, air quality, satellite imagery