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This document presents the study plan for the Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment (FASMEE). FASMEE is a large-scale interagency effort to (1) identify the critical measurements necessary to improve operational wildland fire and smoke prediction...

Person: Ottmar, Brown, French, Larkin
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Emitted smoke composition is determined by properties of the biomass burning source and ambient ecosystem. However, conditions that mediate the partitioning of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) formation, as well as the spatial and temporal...

Person: Noyes, Kahn, Sedlacek, Kleinman, Limbacher, Li
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Biomass mapping is used in variety of applications including carbon assessments, emission inventories, and wildland fire and fuel planning. Single values are often applied to individual pixels to represent biomass of classified vegetation, but each...

Person: Prichard, Kennedy, Andreu, Eagle, French, Billmire
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires, especially those of large size, worsen air quality and alter the carbon cycle through combustion of large quantities of biomass and release of carbon into the atmosphere. The Black Dragon fire, which occurred in 1987 in the boreal forests of...

Person: Xu, He, Hawbaker, Zhu, Henne
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The following list of fire research topics and questions were generated by a survey of personnel from agencies and organizations within AWFCG in 2003. The topics were prioritized as High, Medium, or Low by the AWFCG Fire Research, Development and...

Person: York
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Asthma is the most common pediatric disease in the USA. It has been consistently demonstrated that asthma symptoms are exacerbated by exposure to ozone. Ozone (O3) is a secondary pollutant produced when volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are oxidized in...

Person: Pratt, Gan, Ford Hotmann, Brey, Pierce, Fischer, Magzamen
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Large wildfires are an increasing threat to the western U.S. In the 2017 fire season, extensive wildfires occurred across the Pacific Northwest (PNW). To evaluate public health impacts of wildfire smoke, we integrated numerical simulations and...

Person: Zou, O'Neill, Larkin, Alvarado, Solomon, Mass, Liu, Odman, Shen
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The western United States has experienced increasing wildfire activities, which have negative effects on human health. Epidemiological studies on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from wildfires are limited by the lack of accurate high‐resolution PM2.5...

Person: Geng, McMurray, Tong, Fu, Hu, Lee, Meng, Chang
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Obtaining accurate measures of exposure to forest fire smoke is important for the assessment of health risk. Estimating exposure from air quality monitors is challenging because of the sparseness of the monitoring networks in remote areas. However,...

Person: Wan, Braun, Dean, Henderson
Year: 2011
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at...

Person: Urbanski, Reeves, Corley, Silverstein, Hao
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES