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Displaying 1 - 10 of 395

Background

Wildfire smoke is known to exacerbate respiratory conditions; however, evidence for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events has been inconsistent, despite biological plausibility.

Methods and Results

A population‐based...

Person: Wettstein, Hoshiko, Fahimi, Harrison, Cascio, Rappold
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The quantification of the UV characteristics of smoke aerosols is valuable to UV Index forecasting, air quality studies, air chemistry studies, and assessments of the impacts on regional and global environmental changes. The wavelength dependence of...

Person: Park, Sokolik, Hall
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Western wildfires have a major impact on air quality in the US. In the fall of 2016, 107 test fires were burned in the large-scale combustion facility at the US Forest Service Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory as part of the Fire Influence on Regional...

Person: Selimovic, Yokelson, Warneke, Roberts, de Gouw, Reardon, Griffith
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, has periodically struggled with intense fire events. These events convert substantial amounts of carbon stored as peat to atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and significantly affect atmospheric composition on a...

Person: Nechita-Banda, Krol, Van der Werf, Kaiser, Pandey, Huijnen, Clerbaux, Coheur, Deeter, Röckmann
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires produce substantial CO2 emissions in the humid tropics during El Niño-mediated extreme droughts, and these emissions are expected to increase in coming decades. Immediate carbon emissions from uncontrolled wildfires in human-modified tropical...

Person: Withey, Berenguer, Palmeira, Espirito-Santo, Lennox, Silva, Aragão, Ferreira, França, Malhi, Chesini Rossi, Barlow
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Four conditions are necessary for fire to assume ecological importance: 1) an accumulation of organic matter, i.e. fuel either herbaceous or woody, sufficient enough to burn; 2) dry weather conditions to render the material combustible; 3) a landscape...

Person: Bidwell, Weir, Carlson, Masters, Engle
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Mitigating smoke impacts on human health and safety is one of the challenges that landowners and agencies face when conducting prescribed burns. Particulate matter (PM) in smoke, produced by the combustion of fuels during burning, can aggravate...

Person: Fill
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland fire emissions cause adverse cardiopulmonary outcomes, yet controlled exposure studies to characterize health impacts of specific biomass sources have been complicated by the often latent effects of air pollution. The aim of this study was to...

Person: Martin, Thompson, Kim, Williams, Snow, Schladweiler, Phillips, King, Richards, Haykal-Coates, Higuchi, Gilmour, Kodavanti, Hazari, Farraj
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The increasing size and frequency of wildland fires are leading to greater potential for cardiopulmonary disease and cancer in exposed populations; however, little is known about how the types of fuel and combustion phases affect these...

Person: Kim, Warren, Krantz, King, Jaskot, Preston, George, Hays, Landis, Higuchi, DeMarini, Gilmour
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires and prescribed fires produce emissions that degrade visibility and are harmful to human health. Smoke emissions and exposure monitoring is critical for public and environmental health protection; however, ground-level measurements of smoke...

Person: Kelleher, Quinn, Miller-Lionberg, Volckens
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES