FRAMES > Topics > Weather


Definition: The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure.
(National Weather Service/Fire Research And Management Exchange System)

Weather is the state of the atmosphere and is often described in terms of temperature, humidity, stability, pressure, wind speed and direction, clouds and precipitation. The interaction of these weather elements control many aspects of fire behavior.

*Exerpt From: Kennard, D.K./[Schroder and Buck, 1970]. 2005. Fire Weather. In: The Forest Encyclopedia Network., Encyclopedia Identification: 6377. [Date accessed: July 18, 2005].

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(Please Note: The announcements listed below include all announcements posted to FRAMES and are not all necessarily specific to this category. Please stay tuned for future improvements to the filtering and display of announcements.)

Job: Natural Resource Worker 2 - Okanogan, WA (posted May 22, 2018)

As a member of the Prescribed Fire Team within the Wildlife Program, the incumbent(s) participate in providing statewide fire management implementation services on wildlife areas including fire dependent fish and wildlife habitat restoration and maintenance using prescribed (Rx) fire. Additionally this position is a member of a Prescribed (Rx) Burn Team to help implement projects for fire-dependent dry forest ecosystems with an initial focus in North Central Washington but may include any region in Washington State. The incumbent(s) supports/contributes to the mission of WDFW of preserving, protecting and enhancing fish and wildlife and their habitats by restoring fire as a disturbance agent at the appropriate frequency to fire dependent ecosystems/habitats sustaining and perpetuating the plants and animals dependent thereon.

Under supervision of the Prescribed Fire Team Leader this position participates in implementing plans to restore and maintain fire dependent fish and wildlife on wildlife areas primarily in Okanogan County but may include any region statewide which include more 200,000 acres of forest including numerous fire dependent, e.g., dry forest and fire maintained prairies and steppe.

For more information click here.

Wildland Firefighter Health and Behavior Study (posted May 22, 2018)

You are invited to participate in an ANONYMOUS survey about the health risks of current and former wildland firefighters. This study is facilitated by the University of Montana and is not associated with any agency or group employing wildland firefighters.

Why participate in this study?

The long-term physical, psychological, and behavioral health risks of wildland firefighters are not well-documented in research. By voicing your experiences as a participant in this study, you are making an important contribution toward understanding and improving wildland firefighter health. Results of the study may play an important role in advocating for programs, policy, and future research aimed at improving wildland firefighter health and safety.

For more information and to take the survey, click HERE.

Job: Ordway Prairie Field Steward - The Nature Conservancy - Leola, SD (posted May 21, 2018)


The Field Steward plans and directs preserve programs and stewardship for The Nature Conservancy’s 7,800 acre Ordway Prairie Preserve. The Field Steward is responsible for ensuring that all facilities, preserve grounds, and equipment are in good repair and well organized.  The Field Steward will implement preserve management plans using an adaptive management process – including chemical, biological, and mechanical control of noxious weeds, grazing management, and fire management as well as participate in research and monitoring programs.  The Field Steward will coordinate projects and lead crews consisting of staff, volunteers, interns, and/or contractors.  The Field Steward will serve as a community liaison and promote the Conservancy’s mission by assisting visitors and partners on identified projects. The Field Steward may lead education and outreach events for diverse audiences. The Field Steward will assist with livestock management including daily care of the resident bison herd.  This is a full-time, benefited position. Work hours can vary from 35 to >50 hours per week with possible evening, weekend, or holiday work required depending on the season and associated work duties.

Housing for the Field Steward and immediate family is available on the preserve.  In order to effectively conduct the essential functions of the position, it is strongly suggested the Field Steward live on the preserve or within a reasonable distance agreed upon with the supervisor so that the Steward is able to respond to emergency, urgent and routine issues and events on the preserve including but not limited to cattle and bison management, security, equipment failures and visitors.


For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on June 24, 2018.

Job: Stewardship Technician - The Nature Conservancy - Asheville, NC (posted May 21, 2018)


The primary role of the Stewardship Technician is in preserve operations and management. This can include native and non-native vegetation management (herbicide applications, brush removal, tree removal, mowing, biological control, etc.), equipment maintenance and organization, boundary marking and communication with preserve neighbors, rare plant monitoring, wildlife surveys, firebreak installation, implementation of prescribed burning, and other duties as needed. The technician may engage volunteers and help manage contractors to support preserve management efforts when needed. Two to three day overnight travel is often required as priority preserves are over 2-hour drives from our Asheville office.

The Stewardship Technician also assists with Grandfather Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration projects and restoration efforts and participates in prescribed burning on partner lands. S/he may work up to 40% time on National Forest lands via TNC-US Forest Service cost-share agreement. Past work has included hemlock wooly adelgid treatment, ArcGIS mapping projects, forest mensuration, leading or assisting on work crews, prescribed burning, and non-native invasive species treatment. No expectation of annual renewal of the term position is given or implied.  This is a full-time, one-year term position with a target start date of July 9. This position has been renewed annually since 2015, but renewal is determined by funding and interest by both parties.


For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on June 15, 2018.

Job: Preserve Steward - The Nature Conservancy - Kentucky (posted May 18, 2018)


The Preserve Steward maintains preserve areas frequented by the visiting public and performs land management activities.   The Preserve Steward is responsible for removing exotic species, conducts species/vegetation monitoring, maintains tools and equipment, and assist with completing land inspections throughout Kentucky.   The individual may assist in prescribed fire burns.  The Preserve Steward will maintain preserve records using a database, PC or mobile device.  Frequent overnight travel required. Housing is not provided.


For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on June 14, 2018.

CAL FIRE Fire Prevention Grants (posted May 17, 2018)

In effort to reduce the risk and damage from wildfires, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) today announced the availability of local fire prevention grant funding. The program is part of CAL FIRE’s California Climate Investments (CCI) which will increase carbon storage and sequestration in forestlands through a variety of objectives including wildfire prevention.  The 2017-2018 California budget allocates up to $195 million for the Fire Prevention and Forest Health Programs.

Applications are being accepted through June 6, 2018.

For more information, click HERE.

Job: Farm Bill Wildlife Biologist - Ainsworth, NE (posted May 16, 2018)

Work in a joint capacity with Pheasants Forever, Inc. (PF), the Nebraska Game & Parks Commission (NGPC) and Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to promote, coordinate and implement the conservation provisions of the Federal Farm Bill and other related wildlife conservation programs.  Activities will include providing technical assistance to landowners regarding rangeland and wildlife management, habitat planning, contract coordination, conservation plan modification, site assessment and reporting.  Conduct and coordinate training sessions that include workshops and tours for landowners and resource professionals.  Provide technical assistance related to prescribed fire to private landowners and public organizations.  Meet with local chapters of Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever on to help coordinate and influence habitat and rangeland management efforts and participate in statewide habitat meetings.  Implement conservation programs to improve rangeland management, grassland restoration, and wildlife habitat management on private lands.  Assist or coordinate activities and projects as assigned by supervisor.

Click here for more information.

Job: Forestry Field Technician - Northern Arizona University (posted May 12, 2018)

Overview: In 2016 and 2017, Northern Arizona University and the Forest Service worked together to implement ‘rapid plot’ sampling on the Coconino and Kaibab National Forests. This novel monitoring approach is designed to maximize recurrent sampling efficiency of biophysical variables, with a focus on forest and woodland structure and fuels, which can then be used to track changes in forests, watersheds, and wildlife habitat through time. During these two summers, a field crew of three averaged about 25 forest plots per week. Over the course of this summer, we will continue rapid plot sampling on the Coconino and Kaibab National Forests.

Qualifications: We will be hiring three technicians, including one who will act as crew leader and inspector. The technicians should have field experience, preferably with silvicultural and vegetation measurement techniques. The crew leader must have forestry field experience, preferably crew supervisor experience, and must have excellent organization and communication skills. The crew will camp while out in the field and will be expected to navigate dirt roads and work through inclement weather at times. They will enter data on mobile devices and the crew leader will be expected to deliver the data at the end of each week.

Click here for more information.

Job: Field Ecologist II - Botany - Alabama (posted May 12, 2018)

Battelle and its affiliate, Battelle Ecology, Inc. manages and operates the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) project, which is solely funded by the National Science Foundation. A 30+ year project dedicated to understanding how changes in climate, land use and invasive species impact ecology, the observatory’s scientists and engineers are collecting a comprehensive range of ecological data on a continental scale across 20 eco-climatic domains representing US ecosystems. Our teams use cutting-edge technology, including an airborne observation platform that captures images of regional landscapes and vegetation; mobile, relocatable, and fixed data collection sites with automated ground sensors to monitor soil and atmosphere; and trained field crews who observe and sample populations of diverse organisms and collect soil and water data. Once structures are completed, a leading edge cyberinfrastructure will calibrate, store and publish this information. The Observatory includes more than 500+ personnel and is the first of its kind designed to detect and enable forecasting of ecological change at continental scales.

Job: Eastern Regional Agricultural and Outdoor Burn Team - Spokane, WA (posted May 9, 2018)

The Air Quality Program's mission is to protect, preserve, and enhance the air quality of Washington to safeguard public health and the environment, and support high quality of life for current and future citizens.

The Air Quality Program and its partners use the data collected within the Washington ambient air monitoring network to:

  • Determine if air quality is meeting federal standards.
  • Provide near-real-time air quality information for the protection of public health.
  • Forecast air quality.
  • Make daily burn decisions and curtailment calls.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of air pollution control programs.
  • Evaluate the effects of air pollution on public health.
  • Determine air quality trends.
  • Identify and develop responsible and cost-effective pollution control strategies.

Some of the key work activities at the Environmental Specialist 3 level include:

  • Reviews and issues burn permits.
  • Makes daily smoke management decisions, Investigates complaints, conducts field inspections.
  • Works closely with a variety of people and other government agencies.

Click here for more information.

Job: Sagebrush Ecology Technician - Oregon (posted May 9, 2018)

The Sagebrush Ecology Technician will primarily collect data in support of field research, monitoring, and assessment projects (30%) and support preparation and implementation of projects via field and lab work (50%). Other duties will include data entry (10%) and other conservation/science tasks as directed (10%). Specific projects include, but are not limited to: collecting data on efficacy of novel sagebrush-steppe restoration technologies, collecting field data to assess accuracy of remotely-sensed ecological status, and pilot testing of sage-grouse habitat quality tools. The Sagebrush Ecology Technician will also support The Nature Conservancy's Precision Restoration project by producing enhanced seed materials, designed to increase successful restoration of native perennial vegetation in annual grass-prone rangelands.

Click here for more information.

Job: Soil Ecology Research Intern - Illinois (posted May 2, 2018)

The Morton Arboretum is recruiting a fixed-term, full-time Soil Ecology Research Intern to aid in assessing the effects of prescribed burning and overstory thinning on soils in oak ecosystems throughout the Chicago Wilderness (N Indiana, NE Illinois, and SE Wisconsin). This position is funded under a Center for Tree Science grant, and the position has an expected duration of 4 months.

Essential Functions:

  • Provide support to a scientist for the implementation of research and related projects.
  • Assist with data and sample collection, sample processing, data analysis, and record keeping on research and related projects.
  • Operate and maintain laboratory equipment, and perform routine lab maintenance by keeping laboratory and field equipment in good working order.
  • Other duties as assigned.

Click here for more information.

Job: Sierra Nevada Project Manager - The Nature Conservancy - San Francisco (posted April 26, 2018)


The Project Manager will help implement several ongoing collaborative forest and watershed restoration projects, including the American River Headwaters/French Meadows Project and the Tahoe-Central Sierra Initiative, and may also work to promote use of prescribed fire as a management tool and to develop wood products infrastructure to support forest restoration.  Key functions will include analyzing and synthesizing policy, practice and research to help advance the Conservancy’s goals, writing reports, analyses and grant applications, establishing and developing relationships with government agencies, NGOs, academic researchers, and the private sector, representing the Conservancy in meetings and partnerships, managing grants and contracts, and serving as part of an interdisciplinary team. 


For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on May 27, 2018.

Job: Forest Science Project Manager - The Nature Conservancy - Bethesda, MD (posted April 24, 2018)


  • Contribute to the design, implementation, monitoring, and adaptive management of demonstration projects on Conservancy preserves in western MD, including prescribed fire, reforestation, and ecological forestry. This may involve leading project teams, overseeing contractors and vendors, supervising seasonal staff or volunteers, and ensuring that preserve management meets Forest Stewardship Council certification standards.  
  • Contribute to the Conservancy’s engagement on public land management in western Maryland by providing 1) technical expertise in forest, wildlife, and landscape management and 2) practical and creative problem solving to address management challenges.
  • Recommend priority science needs (planning, analysis, evaluation) to further the strategic goals of the MD/DC Chapter’s Resilient Forests Program. Contribute to or lead projects to meet these needs in close collaboration with Conservancy science and conservation staff (within and beyond Maryland/DC) and partners (including government agencies and academic institutions).
  • Build collaborative relationships with outside parties to accomplish program goals.
  • Respond to requests from team members to review and evaluate technical aspects of policy proposals or strategic options.  
  • Financial responsibilities to include managing a project budget and assisting with annual program budget development.
  • Draft request for proposals, select contractors, negotiate contracts, and oversee contract implementation.
  • Ensure program compliance with internal policies and external requirements.
  • Work effectively as part of a geographically dispersed but interdependent and interdisciplinary team.
  • Make independent decisions based on analysis, experience and context.
  • May work in variable weather conditions, at remote locations, on difficult and hazardous terrain and under physically demanding situations.


For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, May 23, 2018.

Partner Publication: Modeling and Mapping the Probability of High-Severity Fire in the Western US (posted April 19, 2018)

Scientists from the US Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station and the University of Montana conducted a study in which observed data were used to produce statistical models describing the probability of high-severity fire as a function of fuel, topography, climate, and fire weather. Observed data from over 2000 fires were used to build individual models for each of 19 ecoregions in the contiguous US. In turn, these statistical models were used to generate "wall-to-wall" maps depicting the probability of high-severity fire, if a fire were to occur.

FRAMES is proud to host the distribution of these gridded maps:

For more information about these products or to read the paper, see:

Parks SA, Holsinger LM, Panunto MH, Jolly WM, Dobrowski SZ, and Dillon GK. 2018. High-severity fire: evaluating its key drivers and mapping its probability across western US forests. Environmental Research Letters. 13: 044037.

Or go to the FRAMES Resource Catalog record.

Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) Award (posted April 17, 2018)

Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) Award

The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites current master and doctoral students in the field of wildland fire and related physical, biological, and social sciences to apply for a Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award. The purpose of a GRIN award is to enhance student exposure to the management and policy relevance of their research to achieve beneficial outcomes of funded work.

These awards are intended to enable graduate students to conduct research that will supplement and enhance the quality, scope, or applicability of their thesis or dissertation to develop information and products useful to managers and decision-makers. Proposals must demonstrate relevance to fire, fuels, or resource management and include means to directly communicate with managers, when applicable, regarding project outcomes.

Proposals must be directly related to the mission and goals of JFSP to be considered. Applicants are encouraged to search the JFSP website ( to learn more about the scope of JFSP activities. In addition, proposals must directly address management- or policy-related questions related to one or more of the following topic areas:
  • Fuels management and fire behavior
  • Emissions and air quality
  • Fire effects and post-fire recovery
  • Relative impacts of prescribed fire versus wildfire
  • Human dimensions of fire

Application Deadline: May 30th, 2018

Evaluation of the Joint Fire Science Program’s Fire Science Exchange Network (posted April 2, 2018)

Dear Fire Science Personnel and Community Members,

You are invited to participate in the continuing evaluation of the Joint Fire Science Program’s Fire Science Exchange Network.

This web-based survey focuses on the communication and application of fire science research results and resources. They are specifically interested in knowing about your opinions and experiences with the Fire Science Exchange in your region.

Your responses to the questions will be used to help the JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network address your fire science information needs and ultimately enhance fire science delivery.

The survey will take approximately 10 to 15 minutes to complete. They realize that some of you may have completed a version of this survey in the past but continued participation of prior respondents and participation from new respondents is essential in helping the JFSP Fire Science Exchanges progress toward their goals.

Your participation in this study is voluntary, and all of your responses will remain completely confidential. Please click here or copy and paste the link into your web browser:

If you have any questions or problems accessing the survey, please contact Evaluation Coordinator Bret Davis (775) 784-6637

This evaluation project is based at the University of Nevada, Reno and includes all of the Fire Science Exchanges across the United States.

Bill Evans, Ph.D., Professor of and Human Development and Education, University of Nevada, Reno (

Loretta Singletary, Ph.D., Professor-Department of Economics; Interdisciplinary Outreach Liaison, Cooperative Extension, University of Nevada, Reno (

Bret Davis, Ph.D., Research and Evaluation Specialist, Human Development and Family Studies, University of Nevada, Reno (

Chris Copp, MA, Doctoral Student, Interdisciplinary Social Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno (

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