FRAMES > Topics > Fire Behavior

Fire Behavior

Definition: The manner in which a fire reacts to the influences of fuel, weather, and topography.
(National Wildfire Coordinating Group / Fire Research And Management Exchange System)

The fire behavior topic page contains resources and activities related to the study and management of the direction, spread and intensity of wildland fire.

Visit the Applied Fire Behavior Research and Development site to find publications related to wildland fire behavior and fire danger rating authored or co-authored by Dr. Martin E. Alexander.

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(Please Note: The announcements listed below include all announcements posted to FRAMES and are not all necessarily specific to this category. Please stay tuned for future improvements to the filtering and display of announcements.)

Take this Survey to Keep WindNinja Going (posted November 8, 2018)

Over the last 10 years WindNinja has seen sustained development and is now widely used by operational wildland fire management both in the U.S. and abroad. In case you're wondering who uses it besides you, here are some quick statistics:

  • 20+ peer-reviewed journal articles
  • 7+ million model runs in the last year by 3056 unique users in 70 countries
  • Used by WFDSS, FlamMap, Prometheus, Wildfire Analyst, IMETs, FBANs, ARAs
  • Non-fire: training search and rescue dogs, simulating canyon incision on Mars, wind erosion, paragliding conditions

We want to continue to grow and improve the model, but development and maintenance of the model is costly and we currently have no dedicated support for this purpose. We've reached a point where we need to find additional funding to support these efforts. Here's how you can help us keep WindNinja going:

If WindNinja has been useful for your work and you would like to see our efforts continue, please let us know how you use WindNinja and why it has been useful for you by answering a few short questions here:

https://goo.gl/forms/dGKmAW60grZ41qdB2

We will use this feedback in our attempts to garner support for WindNinja development. You can also send feedback to wind.ninja.support@gmail.com.

Job: Wildland Firefighter/Equipment Operator - Vandenberg Air Force Base, CA (posted November 8, 2018)

The incumbent will operate heavy equipment to support wildland fire management constructing and maintaining fire and fuel breaks, roads and trails and perform mechanical fuel reduction treatments with a masticator for wildfire prevention/control. Equipment Operators operate and perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment such as bulldozers, motor-graders, skid steers, heavy duty transports, and trucks. Operators not currently qualified in wildland fire will be trained in firefighting and the use of heavy equipment in wildland fire management. Incumbent will be a member of a Wildland Fire Support Module (WSM) for the U.S. Air Force Wildland Fire Branch based at Vandenberg AFB, CA. WSM is responsible for executing prescribed fire projects, mechanical fuel treatments, and assisting with wildfire suppression on numerous Air Force installations within the area of responsibility. This positions is located at Vandenberg AFB, CA.

This position requires work on active military training ranges with potential risk for unexploded ordnance and other related hazards. In addition, regular travel (up to 15 weeks per year) to other Air Force installations to perform similar tasks throughout the area of responsibility is required.

To ensure full consideration, applications must be received by 11:59pm (MT) on 11/11/2018

Click here for more information

Job: Wildland Firefighter (Entry Level) - Vandenberg AFB, VA (posted November 8, 2018)

Incumbent will be a member of a Wildland Fire Support Module for the U.S. Air Force Wildland Fire Branch based at Vandenberg AFB, CA. WSM is responsible for executing prescribed fire projects, mechanical fuel treatments, and assisting with wildfire suppression on numerous Air Force installations within the area of responsibility. This positions is located at Vandenberg AFB, CA.

This position requires work on active military training ranges with potential risk for unexploded ordnance and other related hazards. In addition, regular travel (up to 15 weeks per year) to other Air Force installations to perform similar tasks throughout the area of responsibility is required.

To ensure full consideration, applications must be received by 11:59pm (MT) on 11/11/2018

Click here for more information

Job: Lead Fire Operation Technician - Joint Base Charleston, SC (posted November 8, 2018)

Incumbent will be a member of the Shaw Wildland Support Module for the U.S. Air Force Wildland Fire Branch based at Joint Base Charleston, SC. The Wildland Support Module is responsible for implementing prescribed burns and responding to wildfires on Air Force property throughout the area of responsibility and the U.S.

The primary purpose of this position is to serve as a Team Lead and to provide operational oversight and planning of wild land fire suppression/non-suppression activities and specialized expertise. The incumbent is also responsible for preparedness, prevention, prescribed burning, monitoring, hazardous fuel reduction within assigned area of responsibility. The incumbent also assists in writing and executing wildland fire management plans, prescribed burn plans, and preparedness plans.

This position requires work on active military training ranges with potential risk for unexploded ordnance and other related hazards. In addition, regular travel (up to 15 weeks per year) to other Air Force installations to perform similar tasks throughout the southeast will be required. The position is to be located at Joint Base Charleston, SC.

To ensure full consideration, applications must be received by 11:59pm (MT) on 11/11/2018

Click here for more information

Job: WAFWA Executive Director (posted October 31, 2018)

The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) is seeking an Executive Director. This position reports to WAFWA’s Board of directors and is based at the headquarters office in Boise, Idaho. The Executive Director is responsible for the successful leadership and management of WAFWA, a nonprofit corporation, and its affiliate organizations - the Foundation for Western Fish and Wildlife, and the Species Restoration Foundation. The Executive Director must be willing to operate within the strategic direction set forth by WAWFA’s Board of Directors. He or she, must also be able to adapt to a continually evolving environment and thrive in an deadline-oriented workplace, while overseeing multiple projects and initiatives, and managing an onsite and remote workforce currently consisting of 18 permanent staff and numerous independent contractors. Occasional work outside normal office hours and periodic out-of-state travel are required.

Click here for more information.

Job: Rangeland Management Specialist (posted October 31, 2018)

This research position is with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Northwest Watershed Research Center (NWRC), located in Boise, Idaho.

Major Duties may include, but are not limited to:

  • Managing the preparation, execution, and day-to-day operations of extensive field research projects.
  • Compiling data and develops and conducts quality-control procedures to detect and remove error and ensure data products meet expected standards.
  • Conducting initial statistical analyses on compiled data, including the development and application of custom programming.
  • Conducting GIS, remote sensing, and other spatial analyses using ArcGIS, ENVI, or other similar GIS and remote-sensing analysis systems.
  • Preparing results and findings from experiments conducted, including initial interpretation of significance to the overall project, for inclusion in peer-reviewed journal manuscripts, progress reports, and research presentations.

Click here for more information.

Submit Your Weed Control Questions - Pacific Fire Exchange (posted October 25, 2018)

PFX will be hosting a webinar in November (Day & Time TBA) with James Leary, Invasive Weed Specialist, on herbicide weed control/ fuels management. 

Email Melissa@hawaiiwildfire.org with your questions and they will do their best to incorporate them into the webinar!

Nominations for IAWF Awards (posted October 22, 2018)

We encourage you to gather your information to nominate some very deserving individuals for these prestigious awards! The recipient does not need to be an IAWF member to receive an award. Awards will be presented at one of our upcoming IAWF Conferences in 2019. Four awards are currently accepting nominations until December 3, 2018:

1) Ember Award for Excellence in Wildland Fire Science
2) Firebreak Award for Excellence in Wildland Fire Management
3) Early Career Award for Fire Science
4) Early Career Award for Fire Operations

Economic Impact of Fire Events on Livestock Production in California - FIRE Survey (posted October 22, 2018)

If you're a livestock producer in California that's been affected by wildfires in the last 10 years, UC Davis/Berkeley invites you to participate in this 15-30 minute survey. "This survey will provide critical information that can be incorporated into guidelines aimed toward proving the foundations for future fire economic assessments and management decisions."

Click here to take the survey

Job: Moody Forest Burn Crew Manager - TNC - Baxley, GA (posted October 17, 2018)

YOUR POSITION WITH TNC

The Moody Forest Burn Crew Manager oversees a squad (3-8 Burn Crew Members) in wild land fire activities and/or other actions focused on the management and restoration of habitat for rare fire dependent species such as red-cockaded woodpecker, gopher tortoise, and eastern indigo snake, as directed by the Moody Forest Preserve Director.

HOW TO APPLY

For more information about and to apply to position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on November 12, 2018.

Job: Northwest Georgia Burn Crew Manager - TNC - Rome, GA (posted October 17, 2018)

ESSENTIAL FUNCTIONS

The NW Georgia Burn Crew Manager oversees 3 novice Burn Crew Members in wildland fire activities, as directed by a Burn Boss, or other command position.   Individual will supervise and manage a seasonal prescribed burn crew on a daily basis that will be used to conduct prescribed burns primarily in northwestern Georgia. The crew will work in other areas of Georgia and potentially in Alabama. The primary responsibility of the crew will be to conduct prescribed burns with key TNC partners such the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and the U.S. Forest Service on the Chattahoochee and Talladega Forests.

As part of the incumbent’s ongoing professional development, they will be responsible for keeping abreast of new burn techniques and equipment to enhance skills and maintain/grow professional fire certification credentials.  In addition, they shall work to build and maintain relationships in the professional fire community and in the local community where the Conservancy works. This may include participation in wild land fire suppression activities in partnership with other non-profits, local fire departments, and local, state and federal agencies, either as a TNC employee, or as a volunteer or short-term employee of the partner entity (such as an Administratively Determined, short term federal employee). The crew will be based on TNC-owned and/or TNC-leased property in the Floyd County, Georgia area.  To maximize the effectiveness of the crew and add to and provide a general security presence for TNC’s equipment, the Burn Crew Manager must live on site with Burn Crew Members.

HOW TO APPLY

For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on November 12, 2018.

Job: Chattahoochee Fall Line Burn Crew Member - TNC - Box Springs, GA (posted October 15, 2018)

ESSENTIAL FUNCTIONS

The Burn Crew Member will participate on a seasonal prescribed burn crew that will be used to conduct prescribed burns primarily in central-western Georgia. The crew will work in other areas of Georgia and potentially in Alabama preparing fire lines, maintaining equipment, post-burn monitoring and other tasks. As part of the incumbent’s ongoing professional development, CFL Burn Crew Member will be responsible for keeping abreast of new burn techniques and equipment to enhance skills and maintain/grow professional fire certification credentials.  In addition, they shall work to build and maintain relationships in the professional fire community and in the local community where the Conservancy works. This may include participation in wild land fire suppression activities in partnership with other non-profits, local fire departments, and local, state and federal agencies, either as a TNC employee, or as a volunteer or short-term employee of the partner entity (such as an administratively determined, short term federal employee).  The crew member will assist with project work and other preserve management duties when conditions are not conducive to prescribed fire including, but not limited to, trail maintenance, planting native plants, and invasive species removal/control.  S/he will be based on TNC-owned property in the Marion County, Georgia area.  To maximize the effectiveness of the crew and to provide a general security presence for TNC’s equipment, each crew member must live on site with the other Burn Crew Members and/or Burn Crew Manager.

HOW TO APPLY

For more information about and to apply to this position, click HERE. All applications must be submitted in the system prior to 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on 11/09/2018.

 

Job: Research Associate - Colorado State University (posted October 11, 2018)

The Research Associate II will work in Dr. Schultz’s Public Lands Policy Group and conduct research, write papers for practitioner and academic audiences, and conduct outreach in the field of forest fire management. The incumbent will be tasked conducting research activities and assisting in the preparation of peer-reviewed publications through background research and literature review, qualitative data collection, and report writing. Projects will focus on federal fire management, with an emphasis on prescribed fire, fire management in the Wildland-Urban Interface, and cross-boundary and partnership efforts associated with federal fire management. The RA II also will participate in project development and communication with sponsors, other research collaborators with whom we are conducting research on wildland fire management, and other interested audiences.

Click here for a full position description.

PhD Position in Ecosystem Dynamics - University of Idaho (posted October 9, 2018)

The University of Idaho seeks a sincere, motivated, and creative individual to apply for an exciting PhD assistantship in Ecosystem Dynamics. The successful candidate will work with Dr. Arjan Meddens to examine the spatial and temporal patterns of ecosystem dynamics across the western United States. You will work on highly relevant research which aims to improve ecosystem resilience to future disturbances across the larger landscape under rapidly changing climate conditions. Since this position is initially funded by a Teaching Assistantship (TA), the candidates’ research area is somewhat flexible. Potential research topics include: (1) the dynamics of fire refugia and utilization of fire refugia by plant or animal species, (2) spatial and temporal patterns of bark beetle outbreaks, (3) measuring ecosystem structure at the forest-tundra ecotone, and/or (4) the utilization of high-resolution (UAV) lidar applications for forest measurements. A genuine interest in teaching is required and an interest in societal impacts of disturbances and management applications is highly desired. The position includes approximately 2 years of TA funding with the potential for more RA (Research Assistantship) funding later in the PhD. The successful candidate will be housed in the Department of Natural Resources and Society in the College of Natural Resources, which has great collaborative faculty with expertise in both the social and biophysical sciences.    

Requirements: An active interest in teaching with good interpersonal skills as wells as strong quantitative background – as demonstrated by courses taken, programming skills, and GRE scores. Field experience and a well-rounded educational background in ecology, geography, fire science, and natural resource management is desired. The position will begin in the Fall of 2019.  

This position has approximately 2 academic year (9 months) Teaching Assistantship funding available with the possibility of more funding in the summer and following the first two years. Annual compensation package is competitive and depends upon experience.   

If you like to be considered for the position, please send a letter of interest and a CV to Arjan Meddens (ameddens.@uidaho.edu).

Job: Forestry Aid/Technician (Fire) - National Park Service - Texas (posted October 4, 2018)

Summary

Positions at the GS-05 level have been identified as one of the key fire management positions under the Interagency Fire Program Management (IFPM) Standard.  These positions have been categorized as a Senior Firefighter (SFF) and require selectee to meet the minimum qualification standards for IFPM prior to being placed into the position.  Detailed information regarding IFPM positions can be found at the IFPM website.

Responsibilities

The National Park Service (NPS) is looking for temporary employees to work on a variety of wildland firefighting crews. Work may include working as a crew member on any of the following types of crews: Hand; Helitack (helicopter); Engine. For more information on Crew Types, click here.

A Wildland Firefighter (GS-03 Forestry Aid) performs assignments as a wildland firefighter crew member in developing a working knowledge of fire suppression and fuels management techniques, practices, and terminology; may assist in more specialized assignments such as backfire and burnout, mobile and stationary engine attack; construction of helispots, helitack operations, and performing hover hookups.

A Wildland Firefighter (GS-04 Forestry Technician) is a skilled wildland firefighter. May be assigned to carry out specialized assignments such as tree falling, backfire, and burnout operations; utilizes a variety of specialized tools, equipment and techniques while actively managing wildfires. May be required to operate light vehicles and 4X4's.  A skilled wildland firefighter on a helitack crew loads helicopters, determines weight calculations, completes crew manifest and may rappel from a hovering helicopter near ground level in remote areas to construct helispots, or to attack small fires, hot spots, and spot fires. May be assigned to carry out specialized assignments such as tree falling, backfire, and burnout operations; utilizes a variety of specialized tools, equipment and techniques while actively managing wildfires. May be required to operate light vehicles and 4X4's.

A Wildland Firefighter (GS-05 Forestry Technician) is a senior wildland firefighter performing all aspects of wildland and prescribed fire operations including preparation, ignition, monitoring, holding, and mop-up.  Gathers and considers information on weather data, topography, fuel types, and fire behavior in responding to wildland fire incidents.  May be required to operate light vehicles and 4X4s.  A senior wildland firefighter on a helitack crew loads helicopter personnel and cargo considering methods, weight distribution, necessity for securing, total weights, etc. and completes manifests of personnel and equipment being transported to the fire or other work site. May exit helicopter in remote areas to construct helispots, or to attack small fires, hot spots, and spot fires. Gathers and considers information on weather data, topography, fuel types, and fire behavior in responding to wildland fire incidents. May be required to operate light vehicles and 4X4's. 

Cut-off Date: The following locations will begin to consider applicants prior to the closing date of the announcement. You must apply on or before the date indicated below to receive first consideration. Thereafter, applications may be considered as needed, during the open period of the announcement:

11/13/2018
Panther Junction, TX (Big Bend NP)
Fritch, TX (Lake Meredith NRA)
Salt Flat, TX (Guadalupe Mtns. NP)
Woodville, TX (Big Thicket NP)

CLICK HERE TO APPLY

Lake States Fire Science Consortium Intern Program 2019 Request for Proposals (posted October 1, 2018)

The Lake States Fire Science Consortium (LSFSC) is committed to ensuring that the ‘best available science’ is available for planning and managing northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States.  Where there are current gaps in the science, the goal of the LSFSC is to assist in filling those gaps so that science informs practice and vice-versa.  Unfortunately, for many local fire management issues, there are few resources available to bring managers and scientists together to solve these important issues.
 
In an effort to enhance the opportunities for managers and scientists to work together, and to expose future professionals to opportunities of management and research collaborations, the LSFSC requests proposals to fund research internships that address relevant fire science and management issues associated with northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States region (See our Ecosystems page for a description of fire-dependent ecosystems that are the focus of the Lake States Fire Science Consortium). Proposals must be developed by joint manager-scientist teams (i.e. both must be listed as co-PIs and equally contribute to proposal development) and outline how the research internship will address a critical need that will help improve management of fire-dependent ecosystems locally. Preference will be given to partnerships that have not yet received funding from the program.
 
The LSFSC anticipates awarding several $4,000 research internship awards.  It is expected that 100% of the funds should go to support the undergraduate internship experience (preferably for salary though a limited amount of funds may be used to purchase materials and supplies needed to complete the project - funds should not be used as a supplement or summer salary for graduate students). All proposals must be submitted by 5:00 PM Eastern / 4:00 PM Central on Monday, December 3, 2018 by email to Jack McGowan-Stinski. There will be no exceptions to this closing date and time.
 
Proposals should be concise and no longer than four (4) pages in length. It is anticipated that the projects will last no longer than three to six months. Upon completion of the project a brief final report, and a webinar presentation, will be required. Proposals that do not meet all requirements will not be considered for funding (see Proposal Requirements below). Each proposal will be reviewed and its merits evaluated in the context of specific goals, nature of the collaborative arrangement, and potential for the collaborative relationship to continue into the future. See Review Criteria, and Conflict of Interest for Reviewers.
 
Proposal Requirements
Title:
Principal Investigator Team: Names and Affiliations of Research and Management Team 
 
  1. Overview
  • Clearly articulate the nature of the fire science and/or fire management issue, and how the scientist and manager team came together to address this issue
  • Describe the significance of the issue locally and to the region
  1. Project justification and Expected benefits
  • Articulate how the proposed internship will address one or each of the following:
    • facilitate development of a new or emerging cooperative project between research and management in the area of fire ecology and/or application, or
    • create a unique training experience for the intern that will enable that person to more easily work across traditional boundaries impeding integration of fire research and management in the Lake States region
  1. Plan of action
  • Describe the specific research questions or objectives and methods
  • Specifically describe how the undergraduate intern will help advance this plan
  • Briefly describe how the undergraduate intern will integrate with both scientists and managers as part of the project
  1. Schedule
  • Specifically outline deliverables and a time frame for their completion
  1. Future plans
  • Describe how the relationship supported by this internship will contribute to an ongoing collaboration between the scientist and manager team beyond the funding period
  1. Budget
  • Provide an itemized budget for the project
  • Most funding should support the undergraduate intern; however, a small portion of the budget can be used to purchase materials and supplies that support the research project.  Travel and indirect costs will not be supported
To view examples of the successful internship awards in 2013-2017, please see the webinar archive and recordings for December 19, 2013; December 18, 2014; November 19, 2015November 17, 2016; and January 25 2018 (Webinar for 2017 Intern Proposals). The 2018 internship awards webinar presentation is scheduled for January 17, 2019. Please note that the required sections have been updated for this year’s announcement and prior proposals may not include each of the required sections.
 
Questions should be directed to: 

Eric Toman, LSFSC Program Director (toman.10@osu.edu; 614-292-2265)

Jack McGowan-Stinski, LSFSC Program Manager (mcgowan-stinski.1@osu.edu; 989-287-1734)  

Lake States Fire Science Consortium Intern Project 2019 Funding Opportunity Notice (posted September 12, 2018)

The Lake States Fire Science Consortium (LSFSC) is committed to ensuring that the ‘best available science’ is available for planning and managing northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States. Where there are current gaps in the science, the goal of the LSFSC is to assist in filling those gaps so that science informs practice and vice-versa. Unfortunately, for many local fire management issues, there are few resources available to bring managers and scientists together to solve these important issues.

In an effort to enhance the opportunities for managers and scientists to work together, and to expose future professionals to opportunities of management and research collaborations, the LSFSC requests proposals to fund research internships that address relevant fire science and management issues associated with northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States region (See the LSFSC Ecosystems page for a description of fire-dependent ecosystems that are the focus of the Lake States Fire Science Consortium). Proposals must be developed by joint manager-scientist teams (i.e. both must be listed as co-PIs and equally contribute to proposal development) and outline how the research internship will address a critical need that will help improve management of fire-dependent ecosystems locally. Preference will be given to partnerships that have not yet received funding from the program.    

The LSFSC anticipates awarding several $4,000 research internship awards. It is expected that 100% of the funds should go to support the undergraduate internship experience (preferably for salary though a limited amount of funds may be used to purchase materials and supplies needed to complete the project - funds should not be used as a supplement or summer salary for graduate students). All proposals must be submitted by 5:00 PM Eastern / 4:00 PM Central on Monday, December 3, 2018 by email to Jack McGowan-Stinski. There will be no exceptions to this closing date and time.

Click here for more information.

FEMA announces Disaster Mitigation Grant Program (PDM) Fiscal Year 2018 (posted August 9, 2018)

FEMA announced the Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 application cycle on August 3, 2018.  The application period is October 1, 2018 through January 31, 2019.  The Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) is posted on www.Grants.gov.  The FY 2018 PDM Fact Sheet provides an overview of the agency's priorities for this year.  FEMA will offer NOFO webinars for potential applicants prior to opening the application period. View the complete webinar schedule.

Click here for more information.

Check it out: Fire science between the covers - Field Guide to the Canadian FBP System (posted August 6, 2018)

With all of the tools, supplies and gear that fire managers need, the last thing you would expect them to take to a wildfire is a book. But Steve Taylor’s little red book, Field Guide to the Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction (FBP) System, has been part of fire manager and fire crew leaders’ toolkits for over 20 years. Taylor and retired fire researcher Marty Alexander, have blended the complex series of mathematical equations that make up the system with their own knowledge and experience in the 120 page guide.

Read more in the Natural Resources Canada 'Simply Science' article

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