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Citation: Bigler, Christof; Kulakowski, Dominik; Veblen, Thomas T. 2005. Multiple disturbance interactions and drought influence fire severity in Rocky Mountain subalpine forests. Ecology 86(11):3018-3029.


The authors studied the effects of past disturbances, specifically beetle outbreak and extreme drought, on the spatial variability of fire severity.

Citation: Pierce, Jennifer L.; Meyer, Grant A.; Jull, A. J. Timothy. 2004. Fire-induced erosion and millennial-scale climate change in northern ponderosa pine forests. Nature 432(7013):87-90.


The authors reconstructed long-term fire history of xeric ponderosa pine ecosystems during the Holocene using fire-related sediment deposits in alluvial fans to examine historic climate-fire relationships.

Citation: Schoennagel, Tania; Veblen, Thomas T.; Romme, William H. 2004. The interaction of fire, fuels, and climate across Rocky Mountain forests. Bioscience 54(7):661-676.


This article is a synthesis of research on recent large fires and the effectiveness of fuel treatments across forest types within the Rocky Mountains.

Citation: Floyd, M. Lisa; Hanna, David D.; Romme, William H. 2004. Historical and recent fire regimes in Pinon-Juniper woodlands on Mesa Verde, Colorado, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 198(1-3):269-289.


The authors documented the historical fire regime of piñon-juniper woodlands in Mesa Verde National Park including the frequency of fire occurrence and the climate conditions associated with large, severe fires. They further compared the frequency of large fires that occurred within the past 10 years to the historical fire regime.

Citation: Crimmins, Michael A.; Comrie, Andrew C. 2004. Interactions between antecedent climate and wildfire variability across south-eastern Arizona. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(4):455-466.


The authors studied the relationship between antecedent climate conditions (temperature, precipitation, and PDSI) at specific lags and wildfire activity from low to high elevation.

Citation: Stephens, Scott L.; Skinner, Carl N.; Gill, S.J. 2003. Dendrochronology-based fire history of Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forests in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33(6):1090-1101.


The authors used dendrochronological techniques to describe the historical fire regime of a Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest that experienced little fire suppression or logging (but did experience some livestock grazing impacts) in northern Mexico.

Citation: Westerling, Anthony L.; Brown, Timothy J.; Gershunov, Alexander; Cayan, Daniel R.; Dettinger, M.D. 2003. Climate and wildfire in the western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84(5):595-604.


The authors combined datasets for wildfire starts and acres burned from federal land management agencies including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), United States Forest Service (USFS), National Park Service (NPS), and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to evaluate interannual relationships between climate and wildfire activity across the western U.S.

Citation: Fule, P. Z., J. E. Crouse, T. A. Heinlein, M. M. Moore, W. W. Covington, and G. Verkamp. 2003. Mixed-severity fire regime in a high-elevation forest of Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA. Landscape Ecology, v. 18, no. 5, p. 465-485.


The authors reconstructed the spatial and temporal patterns of the fire regime on the North Rim of Grand Canyon National Park to assess how fire transitioned from surface to stand-replacing fire across aspect, elevation, and forest type.

Citation: Fulé, Peter Z.; Heinlein, Thomas A.; Covington, W. Wallace; Moore, Margaret M. 2003. Assessing fire regimes on Grand Canyon landscapes with fire-scar and fire-record data. International Journal of Wildland Fire 12(2):129-145.


The authors reconstructed the fire regime of remote sites on the North Rim of Grand Canyon National Park to determine how the regime has changed since European settlement, including fire frequency, size, and climate-fire relationships.

Citation: Westerling, Anthony L.; Gershunov, Alexander; Cayan, Daniel R.; Barnett, Tim P. 2002. Long lead statistical forecasts of area burned in western U.S. wildfires by ecosystem province. International Journal of Wildland Fire 11(4):257-266.


The authors model the relationship between seasonal area burned aggregated by Bailey’s ecosystem provinces and monthly U.S. Climatological Division Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) to forecast area burned a season in advance.