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The Smoke and Emissions Portal is the result of collaborative efforts between the National Wildfire Coordinating Group's (NWCG) Smoke Committee, The University of Idaho, and the Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES). This site is divided into three areas:…
Person:
Year:
Type: Website
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: air quality, FRAMES - Fire Research and Management Exchange System, NWCG - National Wildfire Coordinating Group, fire emissions, air pollutants, SmoC - NWCG Smoke Committee

Following a survey of forest homeowners in rural Michigan to assess the value of reducing the risk of damage from wildfires at the wildland-urban interface, focus-group discussions were conducted with a subset of survey participants to learn about their perceptions…
Person:
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Administration, Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fire History, Fire Prevention, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Intelligence, Models, Outreach, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Safety, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Eastern
Keywords: aesthetics, air quality, brush, catastrophic fires, coniferous forests, Dendroica kirtlandii, education, fire adaptations (animals), fire adaptations (plants), fire case histories, fire control, fire damage (property), fire damage protection, fire hazard reduction, fire intensity, fire management, fire protection, fire suppression, forest management, fuel loading, fuel management, ignition, landscape ecology, Michigan, nongame birds, Pinus banksiana, private lands, public information, statistical analysis, threatened and endangered species (animals), US Forest Service, wilderness fire management, wildfires, fire management, fire risk assessment, focus groups, Mack Lake Fire

From the text ... '..., in today's world with imcreasing populations, and more people living in the wildland urban interface, prescribed burn practitioners must put more emphasis on smoke management. If we don't manage our smoke and the resulting negative impacts, then the…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Prevention, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Weather, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: heat, smoke behavior, air temperature, humidity, precipitation, public information, storms, wind, ecosystem dynamics, fire management, land management, smoke management

Wildfires have significant effects on human populations, economically, environmentally, and in terms of their general well-being. Smoke pollution, in particular, from either prescribed burns or uncontrolled wildfires, can have significant health impacts. Some estimates suggest…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Hazard and Risk, Models, Social Science
Region(s): California
Keywords: smoke dispersion, crowdsourcing, air quality, wildfires, risk perception, pollution, social media, 2014 King Fire, Generalized Additive Models

Early 1900 wildfires throughout much of the Adirondack Mountain landscape resulted in the prohibition of prescribed burns within the Adirondack and Catskill Parks boundaries and restriction of prescribed burning to only non-forested areas (i.e., grasslands) throughout the…
Person:
Year: 1997
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Intelligence, Outreach, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Eastern
Keywords: Abies spp., barrens, conservation, education, fire management, grasslands, New York, pine barrens, public information, smoke management, wildfires

In July 2012, two simultaneous wildfires burnt a big area in Valencia (Spain), where a birth cohort study (INMA) is being developed. The heavy smoke covered the whole INMA study area for several days. We aimed at evaluating the 2012 Valencia wildfire effects on the health of…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfires, Europe, Spain, air quality, diseases, health factors, pollution, fire management, wildfire, children, allergy, air pollution, cohort, asthma, Rhinitis, Cardiorespiratory Hospital Admissions, Particulate Air-Pollution, time-series analysis, respiratory symptoms, forest fires, exposure, asthma, firefighters

To assess public attitudes and values regarding fires and fire management, a telephone survey was conducted of California residents. Most respondents were concerned about wildland and wilderness fires. The greatest percentage agreed that 'we probably have to let some fires burn…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fire Prevention, Intelligence, Outreach, Regulations and Legislation, Social Science
Region(s): California
Keywords: fire management, public opinion, air quality, ecosystem dynamics, education, property damage, National Fire Plan, fire suppression, land use, Native Americans, public information, recreation, site treatments, statistical analysis, thinning, wilderness fire management, US Forest Service, wildfires

The decision process involved in developing any plan to manage a prescribed natural fire must consider several divergent resource and management goals. In many cases, these fires may be projected to be, and eventually become, large and long-duration events. The exact final fire…
Person:
Year: 1995
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Mapping, Prescribed Fire, Weather
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: air quality, fire intensity, fire management, fire size, land management, private lands, rate of spread, recreation, wilderness areas, wildfires

The Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) is a biodiversity hotspot with a history of fire that goes back as far as 10 million years. Fire has influenced the evolution of several aspects of the vegetation, including reproduction and life cycles. This study tested how fire by-products such…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fire Occurrence, Restoration and Rehabilitation
Region(s): International
Keywords: heat, Brazil, South America, seed dormancy, seed germination, temperature, ecosystem dynamics, fire management, forest management, cerrado, grasslands, savannas, tropical regions, Campo Sujo, fire-prone ecosystem, heat shock, tropical savannas, wet grasslands, heat shock, Brazilian Cerrado, high temperatures, dormancy, Fluctuations, conservation, grasslands, management, plants

From the Executive Summary... 'Changes in policies governing fire in publicly-managed recreation areas have generated concern among federal land management professionals about public acceptance. This concern is compounded by the increasing numbers of people engaged in outdoor…
Person:
Year: 1983
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fire Prevention, Fuels, Intelligence, Outreach, Prescribed Fire, Social Science
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Southwest
Keywords: aesthetics, air quality, Arizona, burning intervals, education, fire intensity, fire management, fire suppression, fuel accumulation, human caused fires, land management, land use, light, lightning, lightning caused fires, low intensity burns, public information, recreation, sampling, statistical analysis, wildfires, wildlife

Successful prairie restoration will depend in part on convincing private landowners with agricultural and recreational use goals to implement appropriate rangeland management practices, such as prescribed burning and cattle grazing, to control invasive species and encroachment…
Person:
Year: 2010
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Prescribed Fire, Restoration and Rehabilitation, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): Eastern
Keywords: agriculture, conservation, cropland fires, eastern redcedar, ecosystem dynamics, fire damage (property), fire management, forage, fragmentation, grasslands, grazing, herbicides, invasive species, Iowa, Juniperus, Juniperus virginiana, land management, liability, livestock, Missouri, prescribed fires (escaped), private lands, range management, soil erosion, species diversity (plants), tallgrass prairies, trees, watersheds, wildlife habitat management, woody plants, adaptive ecosystem management, biodiversity, grazing management, Juniperus virginiana, landowner attitudes, prairie restoration

With evidence of increasing wildfire risks in wildland-urban interface zones in the U.S. West and elsewhere, understanding intended evacuation behavior is a growing issue for community planners. This research investigates intended evacuation behavior due to wildfire risks, using…
Person:
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Models, Planning, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: distribution, fire damage (property), fire hazard reduction, fire injuries (humans), fire management, fire suppression, forest management, fuel accumulation, Mexico, national forests, New Mexico, population density, public information, statistical analysis, wildfires, evacuation, wildfire

Central to public health risk communication is understanding the perspectives and shared values among individuals who need the information. Using the responses from a Smoke Sense citizen science project, we examined perspectives on the issue of wildfire smoke as a health risk in…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: wildfires, Smoke Sense, citizen science, risk communication, mobile applications, health risk, air quality, community engagement, human health

In the last few decades, the number of people living in fire-prone ecosystems has increased, placing more people and private property at risk to future fire events. Substantial research has demonstrated consistent public support for the use of prescribed fires in fuel-reduction…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Models, Prescribed Fire, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): California, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Southern
Keywords: Shasta-Trinity National Forest, Kootenai National Forest, Fremont-Winema National Forest, Francis Marion National Forest, Sumter National Forest, public perceptions, wildfires, smoke management, air quality

Fire managers use prescribed fire and some wildfires to meet resource management objectives, like restoring and maintaining ecological processes, watershed function, and wildlife habitat, as well as to reduce fuels and mitigate the risk of severe wildfires. However, public…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Mapping, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety, Social Science, Weather
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: smoke impacts, air quality, remote sensing, human dimensions of wildland fire, wildfires, fire management, public perception, WFAQRP - Wildland Fire Air Quality Response Program, ARA - Air Resource Advisor

Focus groups were used to gauge tolerance of smoke from broadcast prescribed forest burning in the wildland-urban interface of the northern Inland West. Focus group participants worked through issues surrounding prescribed burning as a management tool to…
Person:
Year: 2005
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fire Prevention, Fuels, Intelligence, Outreach, Prescribed Fire, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Northern Rockies, Northwest
Keywords: focus groups, air quality, broadcast burning, coniferous forests, education, fire hazard reduction, fire management, forest management, fuel management, Native Americans, public information, rural communities, smoke management, wildfires

The use of prescribed fire in the wildland/urban interface is one of the greater challenges facing land managers today. Ecological goals must be balanced with political and societal constraints, such as laws and regulations and public perceptions regarding fire…
Person:
Year: 1998
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Fire Ecology, Emissions and Smoke
Region(s): California, Eastern, Southern
Keywords: education, fire management, New York, public information, smoke management, south Florida

Wildland managers in the South use prescribed burning to reduce dangerous fuels, control understory hardwoods, combat disease, facilitate pine regeneration, and improve wildlife habitat. Burning techniques are highly developed, and prescribed burners believe they can use fire…
Person:
Year: 1973
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Administration, Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fire Prevention, Intelligence, Outreach, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Social Science, Weather, Economics, Fuels, Hazard and Risk
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: backfires, competition, education, fire hazard reduction, firing techniques, forest management, hardwoods, headfires, logging, multiple resource management, pine forests, plant diseases, public information, regeneration, season of fire, smoke effects, smoke management, understory vegetation, wilderness fire management, wildlife, wildlife habitat management

[from the text] The Southwest has beautiful desert landscapes, forested mountains, and a rapidly growing population. People expect clean air and unrestricted vistas. They complain when their visibility is reduced. Visibility reduction is caused by pollution transported into the…
Person:
Year: 1990
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Prescribed Fire, Weather, Models
Region(s): Southwest
Keywords: smoke management, RAWS - Remote Automated Weather Station

[from the text] To protect a wilderness from fire or not-that was the first debate I remember within the U. S. Forest Service on entering the organization in 1938. The area in question was part of the present Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness in Idaho and Montana. Opponents of…
Person:
Year: 1976
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fire History, Fire Occurrence, Fuels
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: Abies lasiocarpa, fire management, forest succession, subalpine fir, Washington, wilderness management, Pasayten Wilderness, catastrophic fires, coniferous forests, cover, ecosystem dynamics, fire control, fire frequency, fire regimes, forest management, forest types, fuel accumulation, fuel management, grazing, habitat types, herbaceous vegetation, human caused fires, landscape ecology, lightning, montane forests, national forests, natural areas management, pollution, regeneration, sampling, subalpine forests, succession, topography, vegetation surveys, wildfires

In California, the percentage of wildland which is prescribed burned has been declining for many years. Fear of litigation, environmental concerns, and public perceptions seem to be the stumbling blocks. Is the reverse true: if we stop prescription burning, will…
Person:
Year: 1997
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Fire Ecology, Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Prevention, Hazard and Risk, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): California, Great Basin
Keywords: archaeological sites, education, erosion, erosion control, fire hazard reduction, fire protection, fire suppression, liability, natural resource legislation, public information, season of fire, wilderness fire management, wildfires

The NWCG Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed Fire contains information on prescribed fire smoke management techniques, air quality regulations, smoke monitoring, modeling, communication, public perception of prescribed fire and smoke, climate change, practical…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Outreach, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Safety, Social Science, Weather, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: smoke management, smoke management program, smoke management plan, smoke management tools, BSMP - Basic Smoke Management Practices, Basic Smoke Management Practices, emissions mitigation, prescribed burn

Wildfire represents a serious challenge to communities in the rural West. After decades of fire suppression, land managers now perceive a greater role for wildfire in the ecosystem. In the meantime,migration patterns from urban to rural settings have increased the…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fire History, Fire Prevention, Hazard and Risk, Intelligence, Outreach, Regulations and Legislation, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: agriculture, Cascades Range, catastrophic fires, education, fire damage (property), fire dependent species, fire management, fire suppression, forest management, hardwood forests, land management, multiple resource management, national forests, pine forests, post fire recovery, public information, recreation, rural communities, season of fire, US Forest Service, Washington, wilderness areas, wilderness fire management, wildfires

The health and function of forest ecosystems throughout the world include periodic exposure to disturbances such as fire. Fire has been instrumental in the evolution of large segments of flora and fauna and in preventing fuel accumulations that resulted in extreme fire behaviour…
Person:
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Models, Social Science
Region(s): International
Keywords: fire danger rating, fire hazard reduction, fire intensity, flammability, fuel accumulation, fuel loading, fuel models, live fuels, rate of spread, surface fuels, wildfires, fragmentation, grazing, invasive species, native species (plants), site treatments, soil erosion, thinning, ecosystem dynamics, fire management, forest management, smoke management, burn severity, community preparedness, decision support, forest thinning, live fuels, mechanical treatment, risk assessment, smoke transport

Objective: The study examines how wildfire smoke exposure may impact health and safety in the agricultural workplace. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with agricultural employers and focus group discussions were held with farmworkers in three regions of…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): California
Keywords: wildfires, agricultural health, farmworkers, safety communication, air quality, smoke exposure