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Amid worsening climate change, the recurrent wildfires have substantially worsened air quality in the Western United States (U.S.). Understanding the knowledge, attitudes, perception, and practices (KAPP) over time in response to natural disasters such as…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southwest
Keywords: wildfires, panel survey, air quality, knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, practices

Wildland fire and associated management efforts are dominant topics in natural resource fields. Smoke from fires can be a nuisance and pose serious health risks and aggravate pre-existing health conditions. When it results in reduced visibility near roadways, smoke can also pose…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Outreach, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Social Science
Region(s): California, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Southern
Keywords: public acceptance, tolerance, public perceptions, wildfires, air quality, public information, fire management, smoke management, Montana, Oregon, South Carolina

Smoke from forest fires is a serious and increasing land management concern. However, a paucity of information exists that is specific to public perceptions of smoke. This study used conjoint analysis, a multivariate technique, to evaluate how four situational…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Outreach, Prescribed Fire, Safety
Region(s): Northern Rockies, Southern
Keywords: fire danger rating, lightning caused fires, smoke behavior, smoke effects, wildfires, air quality, health factors, public information, Idaho, Louisiana, Montana, Texas, fire management, forest management, smoke management, tolerance, preference, warning, public, health

The failure to implement historic fire regimes on Oklahoma landscapes is threatening ecological integrity, human health, and public safety. To understand public attitudes and perceptions toward fire and the associated encroachment of eastern redcedar (Juniperus…
Person:
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Outreach, Prescribed Fire, Safety
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: fire damage (property), agriculture, aesthetics, education, forage, herbicides, mowing, public information, site treatments, soil erosion, wildlife, Juniperus virginiana, eastern redcedar, Oklahoma, fire management, attitudes, eastern redcedar, Juniperus virginiana, Oklahoma, perceptions, respondent, survey

This study is an integrated economic assessment of alternative fuels treatments. We examine ecological, economic and financial aspects of alternative fuels treatments paying particular attention to market and non-market costs and benefits, property damage, smoke, air quality,…
Person:
Year: 2005
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fuels
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: fuel treatments, ecological impacts, public perception

Wildfire smoke presents a growing threat in the Western U.S.; and human health, transportation, and economic systems in growing western communities suffer due to increasingly severe and widespread fires. While modelling wildfire activity and associated wildfire smoke…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Social Science
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southwest
Keywords: public survey, public health, public response, questionnaire, online survey

Over the past twenty years, risk communication researchers and practitioners have learned some lessons, often at considerable personal price. For the most part, the mistakes that they have made have been natural, even intelligent ones. As a result, the same pitfalls may tempt…
Person:
Year: 1995
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Hazard and Risk
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: environment, risk communication, risk management, risk perception

A presentation recorded at the Restoring the West Conference 2015: Restoration and Fire in the Interior West.
Person: Olsen
Year: 2015
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: public perceptions, PM2.5, air quality

The health impacts of wildfire smoke are an important and growing global issue, as extreme wildfire events are expected to increase in frequency and intensity throughout this century due to climate climate. Research into individual protective health decision-making can elucidate…
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): California
Keywords: wildfires, threat perceptions, coping self-efficacy, social norms, social support, protective behavior, psychology

Across leading environmental challenges-fire management, climate change, deforestation - there is growing awareness of the need to better account for diverse stakeholder perceptions across complex, multi-level governance arrangements. Perceptions…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Regulations and Legislation, Social Science
Region(s): International
Keywords: fire management, deforestation, peat fires, carbon, Indonesia, policy, Q method, haze, conservation, transboundary governance, tropical peatlands, climate change, transboundary haze, management, consequences, biodiversity, agriculture, dynamics, services

Many communities see the need to increase the use of beneficial fire, yet they struggle to find effective approaches that all stakeholders agree upon. We use mental modeling with Fuzzy Cognitive Maps to help stakeholders express their worldviews on fire use and share their…
Person: Jetter
Year: 2017
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models, Planning, Social Science
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: Oregon, stakeholders' perceptions, fire management

This paper presents findings from an online survey that explored public experiences of wildfire smoke, public health advisory information, risk perceptions, and protective actions in response to wildfire smoke in western Canada. Most respondents had wildfire…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Outreach, Social Science
Region(s): International
Keywords: AQHI - Air Quality Health Index, risk perceptions, wildfire protective actions, preparedness, western Canada, public health, online survey

Climate change impacts and rapid development in the wildland-urban interface are increasing population exposure and vulnerability to the harmful effects of wildfire and wildfire smoke. The direct and indirect effects of these hazards may impact future mobility decisions among…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Safety, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): California
Keywords: climate migration, risk perception, personal experience, wildfire, threat appraisal, migration intentions, mitigation

The general perceptions of prescribed burning were elicited from forest users for an area that has been subject to this form of land management for at least 20 years. The largest group consisted of local residents living in and around the Wombat State Forest…
Person:
Year: 2006
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Prescribed Fire, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): International
Keywords: Australia, community ecology, conservation, education, fire hazard reduction, fire management, forest management, land management, public information, season of fire, state forests, statistical analysis, Victoria, wildfires, Wombat State Forest, fuel reduction burning, planned fire, wildfire, land management, community

Wildland fires have increased in extent and severity in recent years. At the same time, the number of people living in harm's way has increased dramatically. This has not only resulted in more people and private property potentially at risk from future fire events, but also an…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Hazard and Risk, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: smoke management, public perceptions, social acceptability

Prescribed fire can be an important tool in the successful management of many invasive plants. This two-part webinar series will focus on the invasive plant Phragmites australis. Prescribed fire is often recommended as part of an integrated management regime. However, large…
Person: Osterland
Year: 2015
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fuels, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Restoration and Rehabilitation, Safety
Region(s): Eastern
Keywords: fire management, fuel loading, fuel moisture, Michigan, burn plans, public perception, smoke management, Phragmites, Phragmites australis

Participants in a series of focus groups discussed how their tolerance for smoke varied by the source of the smoke and found their opinions changing as they talked with other participants. Even those opposed to smoke from agricultural burning eventually found…
Person:
Year: 2006
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Prescribed Fire, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Northern Rockies, Northwest
Keywords: defensible space, education, social acceptance, wildfire management, focus groups, fuels treatments

As part of a Joint Fire Science Program project, a team of social scientists reviewed existing fire social science literature to develop a targeted synthesis of scientific knowledge on the following questions: 1. What is the public's understanding of fire's role in the ecosystem…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: public acceptance, mitigation, fuels treatments, information sources, responsibility, geographic variation

This report presents key findings, conclusions, and recommendations from a longitudinal research study on wildfire preparedness and evacuation planning in a pandemic (CONVERGE 2020). The research aim was to understand the social, ecological, and public health dimensions of…
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Hazard and Risk, Planning, Safety, Social Science, Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)
Region(s): California, Rocky Mountain
Keywords: wildfire, preparedness, evacuation, COVID-19, pandemics, risk perception

This video is the third in a series describing fire in the Great Plains. The series features ranchers in the region and local experts discussing prescribed fire. This video focuses on challenges land owners face when using prescribed fire. Ranchers talk about how they overcome…
Person: Moore
Year: 2013
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Outreach, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Safety, Weather
Region(s): Northern Rockies, Rocky Mountain, Southwest
Keywords: burn plans, public perception, smoke management, prairie management

Maintaining appropriate fire return intervals for fully functioning ecosystems can be difficult for a variety of reasons. Laws and regulations can place limitations on both the timing and extent of prescribed burning. In this webinar, Dr. Wonkka will present an overview of the…
Person: Wonkka
Year: 2020
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: right to burn, landowner perceptions, liability, negligence, fire management, air quality

Scientists and partners are working to advance our understanding of fire, developing planning tools, and understanding public perceptions to help reduce barriers to conducting prescribed fires. 
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fuels, Hazard and Risk, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Restoration and Rehabilitation
Region(s): Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain
Keywords: fuels treatment, POD - Potential Operational Delineation, PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, community-based partnerships, lynx, habitat

The air in the valley settles like a grey blanket, engulfing residents with lingering smoke for what could be days or weeks. The smoke might come from a wildfire being fought miles away, a prescribed burn, or a neighbor's woodstove or burn pile. The wind may sweep this low-…
Person:
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Hazard and Risk, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: public opinion, smoke impacts, public perceptions, NWFSC - Northwest Fire Science Consortium

Presentation discussing challenges in communication during smoke events. Dr. Garbe discussed the importance of local response, and experience, as well as keeping flexible messaging and keeping the message "new" across fire seasons.
Person: Garbe
Year: 2015
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Outreach, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: air quality, public information, public perception, health effects, public health, biomass burning

Wildfires and associated emissions of particulate matter pose significant environmental and health concerns. In this study we propose tools to evaluate building resilience to extreme episodes of outdoor particulate matter using a combination of indoor and outdoor IoT…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Monitoring and Inventory, Outreach
Region(s): California
Keywords: PM2.5, air quality, pollution, IoT - Internet of Things, wildfires, survey, CO2 - carbon dioxide, pollutants, indoor air quality