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Firefighters are occupationally exposed to an array of hazardous chemicals, and these exposures have been linked to the higher rates of some cancer in firefighters. However, additional research that characterizes firefighters' exposure is needed…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: firefighter, wristband, PAH - polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, exposure, on-duty, polyfluoroalkyl substances, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, SVOC - semi-volatile organic compounds

Excessive warming from climate change has increased the total wildfire burned area over the past several decades in California. This has increased population exposure to both hazardous concentrations of air pollutants from fires such as fine particulate matter (…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): California
Keywords: climate change, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, health impacts, air quality, extreme heat, heat index, public health

Background: Wildfires cause significant physical and mental ill-health. How physical and mental symptoms interact following wildfire smoke exposure is unclear, particularly in the context of repeated exposures. In this cross-…
Person:
Year: 2023
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Fire Effects, Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): International
Keywords: psychological distress, PTSD - post-traumatic stress disorder, repeated disaster exposure, smoke exposure, somatic symptoms, wildfires, public health, Australia

In July 2012, two simultaneous wildfires burnt a big area in Valencia (Spain), where a birth cohort study (INMA) is being developed. The heavy smoke covered the whole INMA study area for several days. We aimed at evaluating the 2012 Valencia wildfire effects on the
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfires, Europe, Spain, air quality, diseases, health factors, pollution, fire management, wildfire, children, allergy, air pollution, cohort, asthma, Rhinitis, Cardiorespiratory Hospital Admissions, Particulate Air-Pollution, time-series analysis, respiratory symptoms, forest fires, exposure, asthma, firefighters

Lucia Woo, Yale University, will give a presentation on her wildfire-health research
Person: Woo
Year: 2016
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): Alaska
Keywords: air pollution, human health, PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, wildfires, respiratory illness, health impacts, smoke exposure, wildfires, air quality, climate change

In the western U.S., smoke from wild and prescribed fires can severely degrade air quality. Due to changes in climate and land management, wildfires have increased in frequency and severity, and this trend is expected to continue. Consequently, wildfires are expected to become…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: Washington, wildfires, exposure, satellites, smoke exposure, air pollution, regression models, PM2.5, WRF-Chem

Wildland fire smoke can impact public health and fire managers need to be aware of recent smoke science research findings to make informed decisions. In this fact sheet we seek to 'clear the air' by summarizing the progress of scientific research investigating…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Safety
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: PM - particulate matter, air quality, public health, health impacts

Roger Ottmar, Research Forester with the USFS Pacific Northwest Fire & Environmental Research Applications Team, gave a talk on air quality, wildfire smoke components and smoke impacts on human health with an eye to how air quality regulations may impact…
Person: Ottmar
Year: 2017
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Planning, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: firefighter health, air quality, public health, visibility, PM - particulate matter, pollutants, CO - carbon monoxide, ozone, water vapor, transportation safety, NAAQS - National Ambient Air Quality Standards, smoke management, smoke exposure

Recent extreme wildfire events (EWE) in Australia, the United States of America (USA), Greece and Portugal highlighted the seriousness of wildfire smoke impacts on society. Nowadays, about 2000 premature deaths occur annually in the USA due to chronic wildfire smoke
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models, Safety
Region(s): International
Keywords: EWE - extreme wildfire event, smoke dispersion, Portugal, public health, smoke exposure, air quality, air pollution

Amazonian deforestation from slash‐and‐burn practices is a significant contributor to biomass burning within Brazil. Fires emit carbonaceous aerosols that negatively impact human health by increasing fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure.…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models, Safety
Region(s): International
Keywords: adjoint, PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, Amazon, Brazil, air quality, biomass, public health, aerosols, health impacts

Given the increase in wildfire intensity and frequency worldwide, prescribed burning is becoming a more common and widespread practice. Prescribed burning is a fire management tool used to reduce fuel loads for wildfire suppression purposes and occurs on an annual basis in many…
Person:
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Prevention, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): International
Keywords: smoke effects, wildfires, air quality, health factors, particulates, pollution, Victoria, Australia, fire management, smoke management

This study estimated the economic costs associated with morbidity from the wildfires that occurred in 2007 in southern California. We used the excess number of hospital admissions and emergency department visits to quantify the morbidity effects and used medical costs to…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): California
Keywords: cost of illness, air quality, forest fire, respiratory illness, social cost, public health

Oregon Health Authority and the University of Oregon partnered to conduct a survey-based evaluation of wildfire smoke communications and impacts experienced by Oregon residents during the 2020 wildfire season. The purpose of this survey was to (1) understand how…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Social Science
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: 2020 fire season, Oregon, survey, wildfire smoke exposure, public health, preparedness, smoke event

Wildfires cause elevated air pollution that can be detrimental to human health. However, health impact assessments associated with emissions from wildfire events are subject to uncertainty arising from different sources. Here, we quantify and…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: air pollution, human health, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, North Carolina, public health

Background Wildfire smoke is known to exacerbate respiratory conditions; however, evidence for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events has been inconsistent, despite biological plausibility. Methods and Results A population‐based epidemiologic analysis was conducted for daily…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): California
Keywords: PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, cardiovascular effects, cerebrovascular effects, air quality, air pollution, public health, smoke exposure, wildfires, human health

Smoke from wildfires contains many air pollutants of concern and epidemiological studies have identified associations between exposure to wildfire smoke PM2.5 and mortality and respiratory morbidity, and a possible association with cardiovascular morbidity. For…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildland fires, wildfires, health impact analysis, economic valuation, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, Canada

Firefighters can suffer serious health problems and experience cardiac disorders derived from high pollutants inhalation. During experimental field burns, environmental and heart rate data from firefighters were collected and it was possible to observe that…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Prevention, Safety
Region(s): International
Keywords: Portugal, heart rate, change detection, pollutants, inhalation exposure, firefighter health, decision support, firefighting

Smoke impacts from large wildfires are mounting, and the projection is for more such events in the future as the one experienced October 2017 in Northern California, and subsequently in 2018 and 2020. Further, the evidence is growing about the health impacts…
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety
Region(s): California
Keywords: health impacts, WRF-SMOKE-CMAQ model, GOES-16, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, wildfires, air quality, remote sensing, human health

Carbon monoxide (CO) exposure levels encountered by wildland firefighters (WLFs) throughout their work shift can change considerably within a few minutes due to the varied tasks that are performed and the changing environmental and fire conditions encountered…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: firefighters, smoke exposure, CO - carbon monoxide, carboxyhemoglobin, data loggers, elevation, sawyer, shift length

Background: Cardiovascular health effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure from wildfire smoke are neither definitive nor consistent with PM2.5 from other air pollution sources. Non-comparability among wildfire health…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Hazard and Risk, Safety
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: North Carolina, peat fires, cardiopulmonary, health effects, PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, respiratory effects, cardiovascular effects, hypertension, syndromic surveillance, public health, smoke effects, wildfires, health factors, fire management, forest management, smoke management

There has been an increasing interest in the economic health cost from smoke exposure from wildfires in the past 20 years, particularly in the north-western USA that is reflected in an emergent literature. In this review, we provide an overview…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Economics, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, International
Keywords: BenMAP Community Edition, health impacts, literature review, Canada

Large wildfires are an increasing threat to the western U.S. In the 2017 fire season, extensive wildfires occurred across the Pacific Northwest (PNW). To evaluate public health impacts of wildfire smoke, we integrated numerical simulations and observations for…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Models, Safety
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: smoke modeling, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, air pollution, air quality, health impact assessment, public health, machine learning, data fusion

Global warming is a phenomenon that is affecting society in sundry ways. As of 2017, Earth’s global surface temperature increased 0.9°C compared to the average temperature in the mid-1900s. Beyond this change in temperature lies significant threats to human health…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Prevention, Hazard and Risk, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: climate change, heat waves, fire frequency, public health, PM - particulate matter, wildfires, respiratory disease, asthma, COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Central to public health risk communication is understanding the perspectives and shared values among individuals who need the information. Using the responses from a Smoke Sense citizen science project, we examined perspectives on the issue of wildfire smoke as…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Communications, Emissions and Smoke, Safety, Social Science
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: wildfires, Smoke Sense, citizen science, risk communication, mobile applications, health risk, air quality, community engagement, human health

Background Air pollution exposure has been associated with critical neonatal morbidities, including low birth weight (LBW). However, little is known on short-term exposure to wildfire smoke and LBW. In this study, we estimated the association…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models, Safety
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfire, air pollution, birth weight, pregnancy, Brazil, smoke exposure