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Thermal remote sensing studies of actively burning wildfires are usually based on the detection of Planckian energy emissions in the MIR (3-5 μm), LWIR (8-14 μm) and/or SWIR (1.0-2.5 μm) spectral regions. However, vegetation also contains a series of trace elements which…
Person:
Year: 2011
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke
Region(s): International
Keywords: remote sensing, vegetation fires, FRP - Fire Radiative Power, K - potassium, Italy

FrostFire is a major field experiment and modeling effort to study the role of fire in boreal forests as a global change feedback and simultaneously provide fire managers with an improved capacity to predict fire severity based on meteorological conditions. The centerpiece of…
Person:
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Alaska
Keywords: fire severity, boreal, carbon release, carbon stock, Frostfire

Regional to global-scale biomass burning emissions inventories are primarily based on satellite-derived burned area or fire radiative power (FRP), and most rely on conversions to fuel consumption prior to the emissions estimation stage. This is generally considered the step…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels
Region(s): International
Keywords: FRP - Fire Radiative Power, Africa, FRE - Fire Radiative Energy, Meteosat-8, SEVIRI - Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager, biomass burning, fuel consumption, geostationary

Models of atmospheric composition rely on fire emissions inventories to reconstruct and project impacts of biomass burning on air quality, public health, climate, ecosystem dynamics, and land-atmosphere exchanges. Many such global inventories use satellite measurements of active…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: Indonesia, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, burned area, active fires, Google Earth, PM2.5

Roger Ottmar has a long and distinguished career studying forest fuel consumption and emissions. He presented this talk at the RX410 Smoke Management Techniques class March 25-29, 2013, Fairbanks, Alaska. This 30 minute module (RX410 Unit 8B) covers smoke production,…
Person: Ottmar
Year: 2013
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fuels, Models, Planning
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: fuel loading, photo series, emission estimates, emission factor, fuel consumption, pollutants, dispersion models, fuel bed

Although representing only a small mass fraction of the emissions from biomass burning, black carbon (BC) exerts a strong influence on climate. As a component of the atmospheric aerosol, BC absorbs visible light and warms the adjacent air, potentially altering the vertical…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: black carbon, biomass burning, aerosol

[no description entered]
Person:
Year: 1980
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fuels, Models, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: air quality, fire intensity, fuel types, Ilex glabra, north Florida, particulates, pine forests, Serenoa repens, smoke management, south Georgia

Although accurate estimates of biomass loss during peat fires, and recovery over time, are critical in understanding net peat ecosystem carbon balance, empirical data to inform carbon models are scarce. During the 2019 dry season, fires burned through 133,631 ha of degraded…
Person:
Year: 2021
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels
Region(s): International
Keywords: Indonesia, emission factor, shrubs, ferns, NDVI - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, litter, bulk density, peatlands, carbon content, peat depth, C - carbon, Kalimantan

Biomass burning (BB) is a major global source of trace gases and particles. Accurately representing the production and evolution of these emissions is an important goal for atmospheric chemical transport models. We measured a suite of gases and aerosols emitted from an 81…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke
Region(s): California
Keywords: chaparral, sagebrush, emission factor, ozone, trace gas emissions, biomass burning, Artemisia californica, FTIR - Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy , emission ratio

Although representing only a small mass fraction of the emissions from biomass burning, the emitted particle-phase organic species (organic aerosol, OA) exert importance influences on visibility, climate, and human health. Wildland fire, both prescribed and wildfires, is a…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: organic aerosols, PM - particulate matter, biomass burning

Fires are a major source of gaseous and particulate pollutant, including black carbon (BC). In combination with organic carbon (OC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), BC from fire emissions causes air quality degradation. BC is also increasingly…
Person:
Year: 2015
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: black carbon, air quality

Smoke from wildland fires releases dramatic amounts of PM, CO, SO2, NOx, VOC and other chemical species. Meanwhile, high level of O3 can build up as a result of the emissions. These air pollutants can cause serious consequence to regional and local air quality by reducing…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire History, Fuels, Models, Prescribed Fire, Weather
Region(s): Eastern, Northwest, Southern
Keywords: air quality, chemical elements, computer programs, ecosystem dynamics, environmental impact analysis, fire intensity, fire management, fuel loading, geography, health factors, histories, JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program, land management, moisture, pollution, precipitation, remote sensing, season of fire, smoke behavior, smoke effects, smoke management, soil moisture, statistical analysis, temperature, wilderness fire management, wildfires

Smoke may present the most intractable barrier of all to implementing more enlightened fire management. The benefits of a prescribed fire program can only be realized if the public and regulatory agencies agree that the air quality impacts are acceptable. Currently, land…
Person:
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Ecology, Fuels, Mapping, Models, Prescribed Fire, Regulations and Legislation, Weather
Region(s): Alaska, Great Basin, Northwest, Southern
Keywords: air quality, chemical compounds, chemistry, combustion, computer programs, duff, fire management, fuel moisture, fuel types, gases, Idaho, JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program, moisture, North Carolina, organic soils, ozone, particulates, remote sensing, smoke behavior, smoke effects, smoke management, soils, wind

Frequent wildfires emit large amounts of black carbon (BC) into the atmosphere in the semiarid regions of the African continent. This atmospheric BC efficiently absorbs shortwave radiation and thus modifies the climate system on a regional scale. Therefore, it is essential to…
Person:
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Intelligence
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfires, air quality, carbon, climate change, remote sensing, vegetation surveys, Africa, fire management, smoke management, black carbon, wildfire, Africa, emission factor, regional variation

Soil is an important reservoir of PCDD/PCDF, which can be released when environmental conditions change. Fire is an extreme event that can increase the surface temperatures of soil substantially, yet little is known of the role soil plays in the emission of PCDD…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: wildfires, air quality, pollution, soil nutrients, soil temperature, volatilization, New South Wales, Australia, fire management, soil management, forest fire, bushfire, emission factors, dioxins

Air quality impacts from wildfires have been dramatic in recent years, with millions of people exposed to elevated and sometimes hazardous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations for extended periods. Fires emit particulate matter (PM) and gaseous compounds that can…
Person:
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Prescribed Fire, Safety
Region(s): California, Eastern, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest
Keywords: air quality, human health, PM - particulate matter, PM2.5, health effects, respiratory health, cardiovascular health, wildfire, AQI - Air Quality Index, remote sensing, emission factors

Fires, including wildfires, prescribed burns, agricultural burning, or residential biomass burning, emit substantial amounts of particles, reactive trace gases, and longer-lived species to the atmosphere on regional and global scales. These emissions and the products from…
Person: Wiedinmyer
Year: 2021
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: air quality, air pollutants, biomass burning, atmospheric pollutants, emission factor, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, aerosol, health impacts, FINN - Fire Inventory of NCAR, VOC - volatile organic compounds

Wildfires and other types of biomass burning are a seasonal phenomenon in different land ecosystems around the world. Such fires are estimated to consume biomass containing a total of 2-5 petagrams of carbon globally every year, generating heat energy and emitting smoke plumes…
Person: Ichoku
Year: 2020
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Mapping, Models, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International, National
Keywords: FRE - Fire Radiative Energy, biomass, PM - particulate matter, air quality, black carbon, CO2 - carbon dioxide, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, remote sensing, emission factor, satellite observations

In this short webinar, RMRS Research Physical Scientist Shawn Urbanski and Fire Ecologist Duncan Lutes will discuss the current state of the science on wildland fire smoke emissions, including pollutants present in smoke, methods for quantifying emission flux,…
Person: Urbanski, Lutes
Year: 2020
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Models, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: FOFEM - First Order Fire Effects Model, fuel consumption, smoke prediction, public health, smoke impacts, emission factor, C - carbon, fuelbed properties, PM2.5, smoldering, flaming combustion, PM - particulate matter

Peat fires in Southeast Asia have become a major annual source of trace gases and particles to the regional–global atmosphere. The assessment of their influence on atmospheric chemistry, climate, air quality, and health has been uncertain partly due to a lack of field…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: Indonesia, trace gases, El Niño, peat fires, aerosols

Smoke particulate matter from deciduous trees (angiosperms) subjected to controlled burning, both under smoldering and flaming conditions, was sampled by high volume air filtration on precleaned quartz fiber liters. The filtered particles were extracted with dichloromethane and…
Person:
Year: 2001
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Northwest, International
Keywords: Acer macrophyllum, aerosols, air quality, Alnus rubra, Betula glandulosa, Betula pendula, biomass, cellulose, chemical compounds, chemistry, combustion, deciduous forests, Eucalyptus dalrympleana, fire management, forest management, fuel types, hydrocarbons, lignin, litter, Mexico, Oregon, particulates, sampling, smoke effects, smoke management, temperature, trees, vegetation surveys

Description not entered.
Person:
Year: 2002
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior
Region(s): Unknown
Keywords: aerosols, trace gas emissions, biomass burning

The Wildland Fire Emissions Inventory System (WFEIS) came out of a NASA Applied Science program focused on creating maps of regional-scale wildland fire carbon emissions using the Consume emissions model and the Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS) for describing…
Person: French, Billmire
Year: 2021
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Mapping, Models, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): Alaska, International
Keywords: WFEIS - Wildland Fire Emissions Information System, air quality, land management, fire management, smoke management, atmospheric chemistry, FCCS - Fuel Characteristic Classification System, CONSUME, emission factor, fuel loading, fuel moisture, Canada, health effects, PM2.5, Arctic-Boreal zone

The contribution of PCDD/PCDF emissions from soil during open burning of biomass was examined. Mass labelled PCDD/PCDF was added to soil containing native PCDD/PCDF and biomass was laid out on this soil and burnt, simulating sugarcane trash and forest fires. Smoke samples were…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): International
Keywords: cropland fires, wildfires, air quality, biomass, chemical compounds, litter, pollution, soil temperature, New South Wales, Australia, fire management, forest management, croplands, PCDD - polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, PCDF - polychlorinated dibenzofurans, persistent organic pollutants, bushfires, forest fires, emission factors

[no description entered]
Person:
Year: 2001
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): California, Great Basin, Northwest, International
Keywords: Abies amabilis, Abies procera, aerosols, air quality, biomass, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, chemical compounds, chemistry, coniferous forests, conifers, fire management, forest management, fuel types, hydrocarbons, litter, Mexico, Oregon, particulates, Picea sitchensis, Pinus contorta, Pinus engelmannii, Pinus monticola, Pinus ponderosa, Pinus strobus, Pseudotsuga menziesii, sampling, Sequoia sempervirens, smoke effects, smoke management, temperate forests, Tsuga mertensiana, vegetation surveys