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Forest/wildfires have been one of the most notable severe catastrophes in recent decades across the globe, and their intensity is expected to rise with global warming. Forest fire contributes significantly to particulate and gaseous pollution in the atmosphere. This study has…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): International
Keywords: forest fire, wildfire, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, burn area, spatio-temporal, variation, Himalaya, GFED - Global Fire Emissions Database

Many areas of the boreal forest of Alaska contain deep layers of moss, duff, and peat, resulting in a large pool of biomass that potentially can burn and smolder for long periods of time creating hazardous smoke episodes for local residents and communities and causing…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Alaska
Keywords: boreal forest, duff consumption, fire management, fuel consumption, wildfire, biomass, Consume 3.0, FERA - Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team, moss, fuelbeds

Many areas of the boreal forest of Alaska contain deep layers of moss, duff, and peat, resulting in a large pool of biomass that potentially can burn and smolder for long periods of time creating hazardous smoke episodes for local residents and communities and causing…
Person:
Year: 2007
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fuels, Models, Monitoring and Inventory, Planning, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Alaska
Keywords: boreal forest, duff consumption, duff moisture, black spruce, Consume 3.0, feathermoss, FERA - Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team, forest floor consumption, Picea glauca, Picea mariana, smoke characterization, white spruce

The accuracy of wildfire air pollutant emission estimates was assessed by comparing observations of carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) concentrations in wildfire plumes to predictions of CO and PM concentrations, based on emission estimates and air quality models.…
Person:
Year: 2005
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fire History, Fire Occurrence, Fuels, Intelligence, Models, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: aerosols, air quality, carbon, CO - carbon monoxide, chemistry, coniferous forests, eastern Texas, fire case histories, fire frequency, fire management, fire size, fuel loading, fuel management, light, ozone, particulates, population density, smoke effects, smoke management, Texas, vegetation surveys, wildfires, wildfires, wildfire inventory, wildfire emissions, emissions inventory, emissions modeling, TexAQS, photochemical modeling, CAMx, plume rise, plumes

We estimated emissions of carbon, as equivalent CO2 (CO2e), from planned fires in four sites in a south-eastern Australian forest. Emission estimates were calculated using measurements of fuel load and carbon content of different fuel types, before and after burning, and…
Person:
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): International
Keywords: Australia, C - carbon, fuel loading, air quality, litter, Victoria, fire management, forest management

Increasing wildfire activity in recent decades, partially related to extended droughts, along with concern over potential impacts of future climate change on fire activity has resulted in increased attention on fire-climate interactions. Findings from studies published in recent…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: wildfires, air quality, carbon, fire management, smoke management, wildfire, emission, radiative forcing, feedback to climate, future fire projection

Land managers rely on prescribed burning and naturally ignited wildfires for ecosystem management, and must balance trade-offs of air quality, carbon storage, and ecosystem health. A current challenge for land managers when using fire for ecosystem management is managing smoke…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Occurrence, Fuels, Mapping, Models
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: fire case histories, fire size, fuel loading, fuel models, wildfires, woody fuels, air quality, CO - carbon monoxide, ozone, particulates, pollution, Washington, fire management, forest management, land management, smoke management, CONSUME, fire size, FOFEM - First Order Fire Effects Model, fuel consumption, smoke emissions, 2006 Tripod Complex Fires

Domestic biomass fuels (biofuels) were recently estimated to be the second largest source of carbon emissions from global biomass burning. Wood and charcoal provide approximately 90% and 10% of domestic energy in tropical Africa. In September 2000, we used open-path Fourier…
Person:
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels
Region(s): International
Keywords: Africa, trace gas emissions, biomass burning, biofuel, Zambia

Savanna fires contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. While it is recognized that these fires play a critical role in the global methane cycle, there are too few accurate estimates of emissions from West Africa, the continent's most active fire region. Most…
Person:
Year: 2022
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: savanna fires, greenhouse gas emissions, Africa, Mali, fire intensity

Understanding of the characteristics of water-soluble inorganic ions (WSI) in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted during forest fires has paramount importance due to their potential effect on ecosystem acidification. Thus, we investigated the emission
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: acid rain, aerosol, biomass burning, forest fire, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, China

Crop residue burning is an extensive agricultural practice in the contiguous United States (CONUS). This analysis presents the results of a remote sensing-based study of crop residue burning emissions in the CONUS for the time period 2003-2007 for the atmospheric species of…
Person:
Year: 2011
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fuels, Mapping, Models
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: cropland fires, agriculture, air quality, remote sensing, Great Plains, Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Texas, Washington, fire management, range management, croplands, CO2 - carbon dioxide, CH4 - methane, CO - carbon monoxide, NO2 - nitrogen dioxide, SO2 - sulfur dioxide, PM2.5, PM10, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

Land managers rely on prescribed burning and naturally ignited wildfires for ecosystem management, and must balance trade-offs of air quality, carbon storage, and ecosystem health. A current challenge for land managers when using fire for ecosystem management is managing smoke…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fuels, Models
Region(s): Northwest
Keywords: air quality, fire size, fuel loading, fuel consumption, 2006 Tripod Complex Fires

Increasing wildfire activity in recent decades, partially related to extended droughts, along with concern over potential impacts of future climate change on fire activity has resulted in increased attention on fire-climate interactions. Findings from studies published in recent…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: fire projections, radiative forcing, climate feedbacks

The ability to predict forest fuel consumption is critical, namely in the frame of hazard-reduction burning treatments designed to achieve effective fuel reduction with minimal environmental impact. Litter and understory fine fuels (diameter <0.6 cm) consumption by fire were…
Person:
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fuels, Models, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): International
Keywords: fuel moisture, CO2 - carbon dioxide, Portugal, fire danger rating, fuel consumption, Mediterranean pine forest, experimental fire, fine fuels, fire hazard reduction, fuel loading, surface fires, air quality, litter, understory vegetation, Pinus pinaster, fire management, maritime pine, forest management, fuel management, Mediterranean habitats, pine forests

A web page with information and access to the Deterministic and Empirical Assessment of Smoke's Contribution to Ozone (DEASCO3), Western Regional Air Partnership Fire Emissions Tracking System (WRAPFETS), and PMDETAIL.
Person:
Year:
Type: Website
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models, Planning
Region(s): Alaska, California, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southwest
Keywords: air quality, ozone, emission factor models

Forest fires release significant amounts of trace gases and aerosols into the atmosphere. Depending on meteorological conditions, fire emissions can efficiently reduce air quality and visibility, even far away from emission sources. In 2005, an arson forest fire burned nearly…
Person:
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Models
Region(s): International
Keywords: biomass burning, rate of spread, smoke effects, wildfires, aerosols, air quality, CO2 - carbon dioxide, CO - carbon monoxide, gases, CH4 - methane, N - nitrogen, ozone, particulates, pollution, France, fire management, smoke management, Mediterranean habitats, Mediterranean region, off-line coupled model, fire spread, injection height, smoke plume pollutants

An instrumented NASA P-3B aircraft was used for airborne sampling of trace gases in a plume that had emanated from a small forest understory fire in Georgia, USA. The plume was sampled at its origin to derive emission factors and followed  ∼ 13.…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Models
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: airborne measurements, trace gases, Georgia, biomass burning, plume

Particulate matter emissions from wildfires affect climate, weather and air quality. However, existing global and regional aerosol emission estimates differ by a factor of up to 4 between different methods. Using a novel approach, we estimate daily total particulate matter (TPM…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models, Monitoring and Inventory
Region(s): California, Eastern, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, International
Keywords: Canada, PM - particulate matter, wildfires, aerosols, HYSPLIT - Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, AOT - aerosol optical thickness, boreal forests, temperate forests, air quality

As part of the FOS-DECAFE experiment at Lamto (Ivory Coast) in January 1991, various aerosol samples were collected at ground level near prescribed fires or under local background conditions, to characterize the emissions of particulate matter from the burning of savanna…
Person:
Year: 1995
Type: Document
Source: TTRS
Topic(s): Climate, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): International
Keywords: aerosols, Africa, air quality, backing fires, biomass, boreal forests, carbon, combustion, distribution, forest types, climate change, headfires, ignition, Ivory Coast, particulates, pollution, K - potassium, savannas, slash, tropical forests, wildfires

An accurate, reliable wildland fire emissions inventory is likely the most important criteria in assessing the impacts of prescribed burning and wildfires on regional air quality and global climate. Significant progress has been made in the past ten years to develop fire…
Person:
Year: 2016
Type: Project
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Aviation, Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Models, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: FEIS - Fire Effects Information System, NAAQS - National Ambient Air Quality Standards, air quality, regional haze, PM2.5, PM - particulate matter, O3 - ozone

Smoke from wildland fires has a significant impact on public health and transportation safety and presents a serious complication for air regulators seeking to design effective and efficient emission control strategies to meet and maintain air quality standards. Wildland fires…
Person:
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Behavior, Fire Effects, Fuels, Models, Prescribed Fire, Safety
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: air quality, public health, pollutants, FASMEE - Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment

Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at significant distances from…
Person:
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels, Mapping, Monitoring and Inventory, Safety
Region(s): California, Eastern, Great Basin, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest
Keywords: wildfires, wildland fire, air pollutants, public health, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, MTBS - Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity, NDVI - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, burned area

Smog chambers are extensively used to study processes that drive gas and particle evolution in the atmosphere. A limitation of these experiments is that particles and gas-phase species may be lost to chamber walls on shorter timescales than the timescales of the atmospheric…
Person:
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): Alaska, California, Eastern, Great Basin, Hawaii, Northern Rockies, Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern, Southwest, National
Keywords: atmospheric particles, gas, combustion, secondary organic aerosol

Biomass burning plays a significant role in air pollution and climate change. In this study, we used a method based on fire radiative energy (FRE) to develop a biomass burning emission inventory for China from 2003 to 2017. Daily fire radiative power (FRP) data derived from 1 km…
Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects
Region(s): International
Keywords: China, biomass burning, MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, FRE - Fire Radiative Energy

Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune (MCBCL) near Jacksonville, NC served as platform for field experiments that allow linking fuel condition and consumption with emissions of gaseous and fine particulate (PM2.5) pollutants from prescribed burning (PB). The link between fuel…
Person:
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS
Topic(s): Emissions and Smoke, Fire Effects, Fuels, Prescribed Fire
Region(s): Southern
Keywords: air quality, fuel treatments, North Carolina, thinning, fuel consumption, combustion products, fire dependent species, fire hazard reduction, fuel moisture, carbon, military lands, particulates, Picoides borealis, red-cockaded woodpeckers, Pinus palustris, longleaf pine, Pinus taeda, loblolly pine, forest management, smoke management, coastal plain, pine forests, savannas, SFP - Southern Fire Portal