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An understanding of fire behaviour and its impacts on natural ecosystems is essential for developing management strategies, specifically for planning prescribed fires. It is well known that vegetation and microclimate factors are important predictors...

Person: Gomes, Miranda, Silverio, da Cunha Bustamante
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fire Radiative Power (FRP) is related to fire combustion rates and is used to quantify the atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols. FRP over gas flares and wildfires can be retrieved remotely using satellites that observe in shortwave...

Person: Kumar, Hult, Picotte, Peterson
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Models of atmospheric composition rely on fire emissions inventories to reconstruct and project impacts of biomass burning on air quality, public health, climate, ecosystem dynamics, and land-atmosphere exchanges. Many such global inventories use...

Person: Liu, Mickley, Marlier, DeFries, Khan, Latif, Karambelas
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: Wildfire events are increasing in prevalence in the western United States. Research has found mixed results on the degree to which exposure to wildfire smoke is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Methods: We tested for an...

Person: Doubleday, Schulte, Sheppard, Kadlec, Dhammapala, Fox, Busch Isaksen
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Purpose: Prescribed fires or wildfires are common in natural ecosystems. Biochar input during fires can impact soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrous oxide (N2O). Meadows are functionally...

Person: Deng, Zheng, Ma, Zhang, Liu, Zhang, Zhang, Huang, Hu, Guo, Siemann
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Lion Fire 2011 (LF11) and Lion Fire 2017 (LF17) were similar in size, location, and smoke transport. The same locations were used to monitor both fires for ground level fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Ground level PM2.5 is used to determine the...

Person: Schweizer, Cisneros, Navarro
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

This study investigated the emission of PM10 and PM2.5 (particulates with diameters of less than 10 µm and 2.5 µm, respectively) and the chemical composition of PM2.5 from laboratory combustion of five Australian vegetation types (three grasslands, a...

Person: Dong, Stock, Callan, Strandberg, Hinwood
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Prescribed burning is a prominent source of PM2.5 in the southeastern U.S. An air quality forecasting system called HiRes2 currently serves most areas in the southeastern U.S. to forecast PM2.5 concentrations one day in advance, including the impact of...

Person: Huang, Qin, Hu, Russell, Odman
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Pioneering networks of cameras that can search for wildland fire signatures have been in development for some years (High Performance Wireless Research & Education Network-HPWREN cameras and the ALERT Wildfire camera). While these cameras have...

Person: Govil, Welch, Ball, Pennypacker
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Seasonal peaks of air pollution from wildfires are increasing in frequency and severity in the western provinces of Canada. During these episodes, populations are exposed to adverse short-term health effects due to elevated levels of fine particulate...

Person: Mirzaei, Bertazzon, Couloigner, Farjad, Ngom
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES