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Globally, wildfires are considered the most commonly occurring disasters, resulting from natural and anthropogenic ignition sources. Wildfires consist of burning standing biomass at erratic degrees of intensity, severity, and frequency. Consequently,...

Person: Kganyago, Shikwambana
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Biomass mapping is used in variety of applications including carbon assessments, emission inventories, and wildland fire and fuel planning. Single values are often applied to individual pixels to represent biomass of classified vegetation, but each...

Person: Prichard, Kennedy, Andreu, Eagle, French, Billmire
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Australian building standard AS 3959 provides mandatory requirements for the construction of buildings in bushfire prone areas in order to improve the resilience of the building to radiant heat, flame contact, burning embers, and a combination of these...

Person: Khan, Sutherland, Wadhwani, Moinuddin
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

It is typically difficult to burn duff because of high fuel moisture; however, under persistent drought conditions, duff will burn readily. This study investigates the burning of a deep duff layer by the 2016 Rough Ridge Fire, in the southern United...

Person: Zhao, Liu, Goodrick, Hornsby, Schardt
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Firefighters in the line of duty are exposed to many hazardous air toxics released from burning vegetation and other materials that may cause severe health risks. Current literature does not consider complex mixtures and cumulative impacts of these air...

Person: MacSween, Paton-Walsh, Roulston, Guérette, Edwards, Reisen, Desservettaz, Cameron, Young, Kubistin
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Prescribed fires in forest ecosystems can negatively impact human health and safety by transporting smoke downwind into nearby communities. Smoke transport to communities is known to occur around Bend, Oregon, United States of America (USA), where...

Person: Miller, O'Neill, Rorig, Alvarado
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Many reptiles occur in landscapes that are prone to fire, yet limited information is available on the cues these species use to detect approaching fires or their immediate and preemptive behavioral responses to fire stimuli. Here, we describe the...

Person: Mendyk, Weisse, Fullerton
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland fire is a major producer of aerosols from combustion of vegetation and soils, but little is known about the abundance and composition of smoke’s biological content. Bioaerosols, or aerosols derived from biological sources, may be a significant...

Person: Kobziar, Pingree, Watts, Nelson, Dreaden, Ridout
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The literature-spanning several recent decades-describes numerous attempts to characterize the efficacy of cumulonimbus 'Cb' convection as a pollutant pathway connecting the planetary BL to the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). The...

Person: Fromm, Peterson, Di Girolamo
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

One of the effects of climate change on boreal forest will be more frequent forest wildfires and permafrost thawing. These will increase the availability of soil organic matter (SOM) for microorganisms, change the ground vegetation composition and...

Person: Zhang-Turpeinen, Kivimäenpää, Aaltonen, Berninger, Köster, Köster, Menyailo, Prokushkin, Pumpanen
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES