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This paper presents a weighted least squares approach to retrieve aerosol layer height from top-of-atmosphere reflectance measurements in the oxygen A band (758–770 nm) over bright surfaces. A property of the measurement error covariance matrix is...

Person: Nanda, Veefkind, de Graaf, Sneep, Stammes, de Haan, Sanders, Apituley, Tuinder, Levelt
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The dispersion of particles from wildfires, volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and other aerosol sources can affect many environmental factors downwind, including air quality. Aerosol injection height is one source attribute that mediates downwind...

Person: Vernon, Bolt, Canty, Kahn
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Australia commonly experiences extensive wildfires, mostly during its hot dry summers. These often lead to a significant loss of life and property. The October 2013 Blue Mountains Fire burnt through more than 100,000 hectares and generated a large...

Person: Aryal, Kafley, Beecham, Morawska
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Exposure to wildfire smoke averaged over 24-hour periods has been associated with a wide range of acute cardiopulmonary events, but little is known about the effects of sub-daily exposures immediately preceding these events. One challenge for studying...

Person: Yao, Brauer, Raffuse, Henderson
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

This project provided an integrated assessment of the effects of fires under different future climate and population scenarios on fine particulate matter mass (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) at global scale, with a particular focus on the United States. We...

Person: Val Martin, Pierce, Heald
Year: 2018
Type: Data
Source: FRAMES

The capacity of wildland fire science and technology in Canada is not keeping pace with the growing complexity of wildland fire. Fire seasons are becoming longer, fire events are becoming more severe, and experts predict that the area burned on an...

Person: Sankey
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fires play an important role in the terrestrial biosphere carbon cycle, not only through direct carbon release but also contributing to a potential long‐term storage as pyrogenic carbon (PyC). PyC is formed through fires, and, because it may resist...

Person: Wei, Hayes, Fraver, Chen
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires inject large amounts of black carbon (BC) particles into the atmosphere, which can reach the lowermost stratosphere (LMS) and cause strong radiative forcing. During a 14-month period of observations on board a passenger aircraft flying...

Person: Ditas, Ma, Zhang, Assmann, Neumaier, Riede, Karu, Williams, Scharffe, Wang, Saturno, Schwarz, Katich, McMeeking, Zahn, Hermann, Brenninkmeijer, Andreae, Pöschl, Su, Cheng
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

In response to a strong El Niño, fires in Indonesia during September and October 2015 released a large amount of carbon dioxide and created a massive regional smoke cloud that severely degraded air quality in many urban centers across Southeast Asia....

Person: Wiggins, Czimczik, Santos, Chen, Xu, Holden, Randerson, Harvey, Kai, Yu
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The extensible Biomass Smoke Validated Events Database is an ongoing, community driven, collection of air pollution events which are known to be caused by vegetation fires such as bushfires (also known as wildfire and wildland fires), or prescribed...

Person: Hanigan, Morgan, Williamson, Salimi, Henderson, Turner, Bowman, Johnston
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES