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The National Weather Service (NWS) Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA) has been developed to provide a national standard Analysis of Record (AoR) for large scale verification and bias-correction efforts. The RTMA and related Un-Restricted mesoscale...

Person: Leach
Year: 2019
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES

Deforestation from timber harvests and farmland conversions have led to 565 GtCO2 (billion tons of carbon dioxide) being emitted into the atmosphere. Taking into account natural regeneration on forestland, Houghton (2003, 2008) and Houghton et al. (...

Person: Mendelsohn, Sohngen
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Carbon monoxide (CO) exposure levels encountered by wildland firefighters (WLFs) throughout their work shift can change considerably within a few minutes due to the varied tasks that are performed and the changing environmental and fire conditions...

Person: Henn, Butler, Li, Sussell, Hale, Broyles, Reinhardt
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland firefighters engaged in fire suppression activities are often exposed to hazardous air pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and particulate matter (PM2.5) during wildfires with no respiratory protection. Although the most...

Person: Navarro, Cisneros, Schweizer, Chowdhary, Noth, Balmes, Hammond
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Globally, wildfires are considered the most commonly occurring disasters, resulting from natural and anthropogenic ignition sources. Wildfires consist of burning standing biomass at erratic degrees of intensity, severity, and frequency. Consequently,...

Person: Kganyago, Shikwambana
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Biomass mapping is used in variety of applications including carbon assessments, emission inventories, and wildland fire and fuel planning. Single values are often applied to individual pixels to represent biomass of classified vegetation, but each...

Person: Prichard, Kennedy, Andreu, Eagle, French, Billmire
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Australian building standard AS 3959 provides mandatory requirements for the construction of buildings in bushfire prone areas in order to improve the resilience of the building to radiant heat, flame contact, burning embers, and a combination of these...

Person: Khan, Sutherland, Wadhwani, Moinuddin
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

It is typically difficult to burn duff because of high fuel moisture; however, under persistent drought conditions, duff will burn readily. This study investigates the burning of a deep duff layer by the 2016 Rough Ridge Fire, in the southern United...

Person: Zhao, Liu, Goodrick, Hornsby, Schardt
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Advanced Fire Environment Learning Unit (AFELU) will host three speakers to talk about Predictive Services comparison tools (Robert Ziel, Alaska Fire Science Consortium), predicting fire behavior in Alaska (Chris Moore, Alaska Fire Service), and...

Person: Ziel, Moore, Lahm
Year: 2019
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES

Firefighters in the line of duty are exposed to many hazardous air toxics released from burning vegetation and other materials that may cause severe health risks. Current literature does not consider complex mixtures and cumulative impacts of these air...

Person: MacSween, Paton-Walsh, Roulston, Guérette, Edwards, Reisen, Desservettaz, Cameron, Young, Kubistin
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES