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Mitigating smoke impacts on human health and safety is one of the challenges that landowners and agencies face when conducting prescribed burns. Particulate matter (PM) in smoke, produced by the combustion of fuels during burning, can aggravate...

Person: Fill
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland fire emissions cause adverse cardiopulmonary outcomes, yet controlled exposure studies to characterize health impacts of specific biomass sources have been complicated by the often latent effects of air pollution. The aim of this study was to...

Person: Martin, Thompson, Kim, Williams, Snow, Schladweiler, Phillips, King, Richards, Haykal-Coates, Higuchi, Gilmour, Kodavanti, Hazari, Farraj
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The increasing size and frequency of wildland fires are leading to greater potential for cardiopulmonary disease and cancer in exposed populations; however, little is known about how the types of fuel and combustion phases affect these...

Person: Kim, Warren, Krantz, King, Jaskot, Preston, George, Hays, Landis, Higuchi, DeMarini, Gilmour
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires and prescribed fires produce emissions that degrade visibility and are harmful to human health. Smoke emissions and exposure monitoring is critical for public and environmental health protection; however, ground-level measurements of smoke...

Person: Kelleher, Quinn, Miller-Lionberg, Volckens
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

This paper presents a weighted least squares approach to retrieve aerosol layer height from top-of-atmosphere reflectance measurements in the oxygen A band (758–770 nm) over bright surfaces. A property of the measurement error covariance matrix is...

Person: Nanda, Veefkind, de Graaf, Sneep, Stammes, de Haan, Sanders, Apituley, Tuinder, Levelt
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The dispersion of particles from wildfires, volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and other aerosol sources can affect many environmental factors downwind, including air quality. Aerosol injection height is one source attribute that mediates downwind...

Person: Vernon, Bolt, Canty, Kahn
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Arctic is warming at an alarming rate, yet the processes that contribute to the enhanced warming are not well understood. Arctic aerosols have been targeted in studies for decades due to their consequential impacts on the energy budget, both...

Person: Creamean, Maahn, de Boer, McComiskey, Sedlacek, Feng
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Australia commonly experiences extensive wildfires, mostly during its hot dry summers. These often lead to a significant loss of life and property. The October 2013 Blue Mountains Fire burnt through more than 100,000 hectares and generated a large...

Person: Aryal, Kafley, Beecham, Morawska
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

We investigated the gas-phase chemical composition of biomass burning (BB) emissions and their role in aqueous secondary organic aerosol (aqSOA) formation through photochemical cloud processing. A high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass...

Person: Tomaz, Cui, Chen, Sexton, Roberts, Warneke, Yokelson, Surratt, Turpin
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires are expected to become more frequent and intensive at the global scale due to climate change. Many studies have focused on the loss of mercury (Hg) from burned forests; however, little is known about the origins, concentration, reactivity,...

Person: Ku, Tsui, Nie, Chen, Hoang, Blum, Dahlgren, Chow
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES