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Smoke emissions from wildland fires contribute to concentrations of atmospheric particulate matter and greenhouse gases, influencing public health and climate. Prediction of emissions is critical for smoke management to mitigate the effects on...

Person: Kennedy, Prichard, McKenzie, French
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Particulate matter (PM) emissions from vegetation and peat fires in Equatorial Asia cause poor regional air quality. Burning is greatest during drought years, resulting in strong inter-annual variability in emissions. We make the first consistent...

Person: Kiely, Spracklen, Wiedinmyer, Conibear, Reddington, Arnold, Knote, Khan, Latif, Syaufina, Adrianto
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Ecosystem fires are stochastic and anthropogenic phenomena that affect critical soil processes. Nevertheless, environmental managers, policy-makers, and even scientists have often overlooked the induced transformations that fire does to soil organic...

Person: Dicen, Rallos, Labides, Navarrete
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The future status of peatlands as carbon stores/sinks is uncertain given current and predicted environmental change. Several factors can affect the magnitude of the peatland carbon sink including disturbances such as wildfire. There is at present...

Person: Gray, Davies, Domènech, Taylor, Levy
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Biomass-burning emissions (BBE) profoundly affect climate and air quality. BBE have been estimated using various methods, including satellite-based fire radiative power (FRP). However, BBE estimates show very large variability and the accuracy of...

Person: Li, Zhang, Kondragunta, Lu
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background

Health risks due to particulate matter (PM) from wildfires may differ from risk due to PM from other sources. In places frequently subjected to wildfire smoke, such as Reno, Nevada, it is critical to determine whether wildfire PM...

Person: Kiser, Metcalf, Elhanan, Schnieder, Schlauch, Joros, Petersen, Grzymski
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is related to the use of fire to remove natural vegetation and install crop cultures or pastures. In this study, we evaluated the relation between deforestation, land-use and land-cover (LULC) drivers and fire...

Person: de Oliveira, Chen, Mataveli, Chaves, Seixas, Cardozo, Shimabukuro, He, Stark, dos Santos
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

A regional modeling system that integrates the state-of-the-art emissions processing (SMOKE), climate (CWRF), and air quality (CMAQ) models has been combined with satellite measurements of fire activities to assess the impact of fire emissions on the...

Person: Tao, He, Sun, Tong, Liang
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The launch of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on board the Sumo-NPP satellite in 2011 ushered in a new era of using visible light and shortwave radiation at night to characterize aerosol and fire distributions from space. In order...

Person: Wang, Zhou, Xu, Roudini, Sander, Pongetti, Miller, Reid, Hyer, Spurr
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

We provide major updates to the ‘top down’ Fire Radiative Energy Emissions (FREM) approach to biomass burning emissions calculations, bypassing the estimation of fuel consumption that is a major source of uncertainty in widely used ‘bottom up’...

Person: Nguyen, Wooster
Year: 2020
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES