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Western wildfires have a major impact on air quality in the US. In the fall of 2016, 107 test fires were burned in the large-scale combustion facility at the US Forest Service Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory as part of the Fire Influence on Regional...

Person: Selimovic, Yokelson, Warneke, Roberts, de Gouw, Reardon, Griffith
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Mitigating smoke impacts on human health and safety is one of the challenges that landowners and agencies face when conducting prescribed burns. Particulate matter (PM) in smoke, produced by the combustion of fuels during burning, can aggravate...

Person: Fill
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The increasing size and frequency of wildland fires are leading to greater potential for cardiopulmonary disease and cancer in exposed populations; however, little is known about how the types of fuel and combustion phases affect these...

Person: Kim, Warren, Krantz, King, Jaskot, Preston, George, Hays, Landis, Higuchi, DeMarini, Gilmour
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The dispersion of particles from wildfires, volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and other aerosol sources can affect many environmental factors downwind, including air quality. Aerosol injection height is one source attribute that mediates downwind...

Person: Vernon, Bolt, Canty, Kahn
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

We investigated the gas-phase chemical composition of biomass burning (BB) emissions and their role in aqueous secondary organic aerosol (aqSOA) formation through photochemical cloud processing. A high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass...

Person: Tomaz, Cui, Chen, Sexton, Roberts, Warneke, Yokelson, Surratt, Turpin
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The public health community readily recognizes flooding and wildfires as climate-related health hazards, but few studies quantify changes in risk of exposure, particularly for vulnerable children and older adults. Objectives: This study...

Person: Mills, Jones, Wobus, Ekstrom, Jantarasami, St. Juliana, Crimmins
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Intense heating by wildfires can generate deep, smoke-infused thunderstorms, known as pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCb), which can release a large quantity of smoke particles above jet aircraft cruising altitudes. Injections of pyroCb smoke into the lower...

Person: Peterson, Campbell, Hyer, Fromm, Kablick, Cossuth, DeLand
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Implementing prescribed fire is a complex process that requires the coordination of many different agencies. Prior to implementing a prescribed burn, the trade-offs and benefits (such as smoke) are carefully assessed and planned. Clear objectives,...

Person: Vosick
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Rapid Deployments to Wildfires Experiment (RaDFIRE) was a meteorological field campaign aimed at observing fire–atmosphere interactions during active wildfires. Using a rapidly deployable scanning Doppler lidar, airborne Doppler radar, and a suite...

Person: Clements, Lareau, Kingsmill, Bowers, Camacho, Bagley, Davis
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at...

Person: Urbanski, Reeves, Corley, Silverstein, Hao
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES