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A recent study of simulated forecast-based interventions as a tool to reduce the health and economic burden during smoke episodes. The study illustrated a large health burden associated with these events and the potential benefit an adaptation of...

Person: Rappold
Year: 2015
Type: Media
Source: FRAMES

Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a large-eddy simulation (LES) code for low-speed flows, with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires. Smokeview (SMV) is a visualization program used to display the output of FDS and CFAST simulations.

Person:
Year: 2015
Type: Tool
Source: FRAMES

Fires impact atmospheric composition through their emissions, which range from long-lived gases to short-lived gases and aerosols. Effects are typically larger in the tropics and boreal regions but can also be substantial in highly populated areas in...

Person: Voulgarakis, Field
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Smog chambers are extensively used to study processes that drive gas and particle evolution in the atmosphere. A limitation of these experiments is that particles and gas-phase species may be lost to chamber walls on shorter timescales than the...

Person: Bian, May, Kreidenweis, Pierce
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fire frequency, extent, and size exhibit a strong linkage with climate conditions and play a vital role in the climate system. Previous studies have shown that the frequency of large fires in the western United States increased significantly since the...

Person: Yang, Tian, Tao, Ren, Pan, Liu, Wang
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

In an effort to reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning, renewable energy policies incentivize use of forest biomass as an energy source. Many governments have assumed (legislated) the carbon flux from burning biomass to be neutral because...

Person: Johnston, van Kooten
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

From the text ... 'One of the smokejumper program's defining characteristics is its commitment to innovation--a constant refinement of equipment and techniques that hearkens back to the program's earliest days.'

Person: Bramwell
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

From the text...'Smokejumpers come from all over the country and represent a very diverse and well-educated workforce.'

Person: Cottrell
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

From the text ... 'Smoke can be transported hundreds of miles downwind by prevailing winds or convective winds generated by fires themselves with concentrations sufficient to make it the most significant source of air pollution over large areas....

Person: Val Martin, Pierce, Heald
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

From the text...'A group of valiant men known as the Triple Nickles, the first African-American smokerjumpers, paved the way for so many in the smokejumping cadre...'

Person: McGee
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: TTRS