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Smoke exposure measurements among firefighters at wildfires in the Western United States between 1992 and 1995 showed that although most exposures were not significant, between 3 and 5 percent of the shift-average exposures exceeded occupational...

Person: Reinhardt, Ottmar
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Smoke exposure measurements among firefighters during prescribed burns in the Pacific Northwest between 1991 and 1994 showed that a small but significant percentage of workers experienced exposure to carbon monoxide and respiratory irritant that...

Person: Reinhardt, Ottmar, Hanneman
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

1 Areas burned annually in the United States between 1700 and 1990 were derived from published estimates of pre-European burning rates and from wildfire statistics of the US Forest Service. Changes in live and dead vegetation following fire and fire...

Person: Houghton, Hackler, Lawrence
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

This paper describes the importance of the use of climate information in the decision-making process for fuels treatments. It is argued that historical climate data and climate forecasts are useful tools for fuels treatment scheduling, in addition to...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Brown, Betancourt
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

A comprehensive investigation of Canadian boreal forest fires was conducted using NOAA-AVHRR imagery. Algorithms were developed to (1) detect active forest fires, (2) map burned areas on daily and annual basis, and (3) estimate fire emissions based on...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Li, Jin, Fraser
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

The purpose of the fire phase of the Smoke Clouds and Radiation (SCAR) experiments is to develop a technique for the quantitative remote sensing of fires and fire emissions. The first of the three fire experiments occurred in 1994 in California and the...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Kaufman, Kleidman
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

The revision of FOFEM, a national fire effects model, is described. FOFEM 5.0 will incorporate the predictions of fuel consumption, tree mortality and smoke production along with the addition of soil heating and an updated user interface. The revised...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Reinhardt, Mincemoyer, Keane
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Emissions of atmospheric pollutants from vegetation fires can greatly affect local and regional air quality. The near real-time information on the magnitude of fires, the amount of pollutants emitted, and their impact on air quality is critical to fire...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Ward, Queen, Seielstad, Hao
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

The workshop began with the workshop facilitator, Neil Sampson, summarizing 17 invited papers presented on the opening day of the conference. These papers provided a state-of-the-science overview of pre-selected topics including Overview (3 papers),...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Sampson, Gollberg
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Understanding the trade-off between short-term and long-term consequences of fire impacts on ecosystems is needed before a comprehensive fuels management program can be implemented nationally. We are comparing three vegetation models that may be used...

Person: Neuenschwander, Ryan, Gollberg, Weise, Kimberlin, Arbaugh, Chew, Jones, Merzenich, van Wagtendonk, Wiitala
Year: 2000
Type: Document
Source: TTRS