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Mitigating smoke impacts on human health and safety is one of the challenges that landowners and agencies face when conducting prescribed burns. Particulate matter (PM) in smoke, produced by the combustion of fuels during burning, can aggravate...

Person: Fill
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland fire emissions cause adverse cardiopulmonary outcomes, yet controlled exposure studies to characterize health impacts of specific biomass sources have been complicated by the often latent effects of air pollution. The aim of this study was to...

Person: Martin, Thompson, Kim, Williams, Snow, Schladweiler, Phillips, King, Richards, Haykal-Coates, Higuchi, Gilmour, Kodavanti, Hazari, Farraj
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The increasing size and frequency of wildland fires are leading to greater potential for cardiopulmonary disease and cancer in exposed populations; however, little is known about how the types of fuel and combustion phases affect these...

Person: Kim, Warren, Krantz, King, Jaskot, Preston, George, Hays, Landis, Higuchi, DeMarini, Gilmour
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The dispersion of particles from wildfires, volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and other aerosol sources can affect many environmental factors downwind, including air quality. Aerosol injection height is one source attribute that mediates downwind...

Person: Vernon, Bolt, Canty, Kahn
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

We investigated the gas-phase chemical composition of biomass burning (BB) emissions and their role in aqueous secondary organic aerosol (aqSOA) formation through photochemical cloud processing. A high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass...

Person: Tomaz, Cui, Chen, Sexton, Roberts, Warneke, Yokelson, Surratt, Turpin
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The public health community readily recognizes flooding and wildfires as climate-related health hazards, but few studies quantify changes in risk of exposure, particularly for vulnerable children and older adults. Objectives: This study...

Person: Mills, Jones, Wobus, Ekstrom, Jantarasami, St. Juliana, Crimmins
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Implementing prescribed fire is a complex process that requires the coordination of many different agencies. Prior to implementing a prescribed burn, the trade-offs and benefits (such as smoke) are carefully assessed and planned. Clear objectives,...

Person: Vosick
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires are a major source of air pollutants in the United States. Wildfire smoke can trigger severe pollution episodes with substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at...

Person: Urbanski, Reeves, Corley, Silverstein, Hao
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Ecosystem services (ES) were conceived to emphasize the role of ecological processes in supporting societal needs and to allow their inclusion in the decision-making process. Currently climate change mitigation is one of the most important services...

Person: Bachelet, Ferschweiler, Sheehan, Sleeter, Zhu
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

These data include time lapse JPEG and CR2 format photographs, taken every 5 seconds, as well as MTS videos from burns of the 2012 Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment (RxCADRE) at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida....

Person: Potter, Krull, Larkin, Moore, O'Neill, Rorig, Strand
Year: 2018
Type: Data
Source: FRAMES