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There is an urgent need for next-generation smoke research and forecasting (SRF) systems to meet the challenges of the growing air quality, health and safety concerns associated with wildland fire emissions. This review paper presents simulations and...

Person: Liu, Kochanski, Baker, Mell, Linn, Paugam, Mandel, Fournier, Jenkins, Goodrick, Achtemeier, Zhao, Ottmar, French, Larkin, Brown, Hudak, Dickinson, Potter, Clements, Urbanski, Prichard, Watts, McNamara
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Peat fires are a global-scale source of carbon emissions and a leading cause of regional air quality deterioration, especially in Southeast Asia. The ignition and spread of peat fires are strongly affected by moisture, which acts as an energy sink....

Person: Hu, Christensen, Amin, Smith, Rein
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) focuses on new literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of mitigation of climate change, published since the IPCC Third...

Person: Metz, Davidson, Bosch, Dave, Meyer
Year: 2007
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildfires emit O3 precursors but there are large variations in emissions, plume heights, and photochemical processing. These factors make it challenging to model O3 production from wildfires using Eulerian models. Here we describe a statistical...

Person: Gong, Kaulfus, Nair, Jaffe
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Asthma is the most common pediatric disease in the USA. It has been consistently demonstrated that asthma symptoms are exacerbated by exposure to ozone. Ozone (O3) is a secondary pollutant produced when volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are oxidized in...

Person: Pratt, Gan, Ford Hotmann, Brey, Pierce, Fischer, Magzamen
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

A new statistical model for predicting daily ground level fine scale particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations at monitoring sites in the western United States was developed and tested operationally during the 2016 and 2017 wildfire seasons. The model...

Person: Marsha, Larkin
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Global warming is a phenomenon that is affecting society in sundry ways. As of 2017, Earth’s global surface temperature increased 0.9°C compared to the average temperature in the mid-1900s. Beyond this change in temperature lies significant threats to...

Person: Rossiello, Szema
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

We investigated the gas-phase chemical composition of biomass burning (BB) emissions and their role in aqueous secondary organic aerosol (aqSOA) formation through photochemical cloud processing. A high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass...

Person: Tomaz, Cui, Chen, Sexton, Roberts, Warneke, Yokelson, Surratt, Turpin
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Background: The public health community readily recognizes flooding and wildfires as climate-related health hazards, but few studies quantify changes in risk of exposure, particularly for vulnerable children and older adults. Objectives: This study...

Person: Mills, Jones, Wobus, Ekstrom, Jantarasami, St. Juliana, Crimmins
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we describe the current status of the literature regarding respiratory health related to wildfire smoke exposure, anticipated future impacts under a changing climate, and strategies to reduce respiratory health...

Person: Reid, Maestas
Year: 2019
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES