SERDP Biomass Emission Factor Database

Prescribed fire is a significant emissions source in the U.S. and that needs to be adequately characterized in atmospheric transport/chemistry models. In addition, the Clean Air Act, its amendments, and air quality regulations require that prescribed fire managers estimate the quantity of emissions that a prescribed fire will produce. Several published papers contain a few emission factors for prescribed fire and additional results are found in unpublished documents whose quality has to be assessed. In conjunction with three research projects developing detailed new emissions data and meteorological tools to assist prescribed fire managers, the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) is supporting development of a database that contains emissions information related to prescribed burning. This database will be available on the Internet and will contain older emissions information that has been assessed and newer emissions information that has been developed from both laboratory-scale and field measurements. The database currently contains emissions information from over 300 burns of different wildland vegetation types, including grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, forests, and tundra over much of North America.

The Biomass Emission Factor Database (BEFD) was initially created as a tool for fire emissions research, by compiling data from three Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program projects. The objective of the research was to develop emissions prediction and meteorological products to assist prescribed fire managers. Recognizing the importance of a readily portable database, the Resource Conservation and Climate Change Program Area of the Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development provided new funding to develop the BEFD. It is designed to help researchers as well as various government agencies find established biomass burning emission factors and determine what is needed for future research. Included are integral parameters, such as fuel and weather information. Emission factors, and associated data from various published papers, reports, and from Forest Service archives were compiled and integrated into this useful database.

About the SERDP Database Spreadsheet

The BEFD is designed to be a simple searchable table.

The supporting literature used to populate the BEFD is available through the FRAMES Resource Cataloging System (RCS) or by request.

Parameters for emission factors: Measurement Type - Lab v. Field (Air v. Ground), Location, FS Region, State, Latitude, Longitude, Instrumentation, Fuel Type, Rate of Fire Spread, Years Since Last Burn, Mechanical Harvest, Measurement of Test Area, Carbon (%) & Nitrogen content (%) of Fuel, Fuel Consumption, Fuel Moisture Content, Weather at Burn) *Note not all parameters are available for every dataset.

Emission Factors: Combustion Efficiency, Modified Combustion Efficiency, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Methane, Acetylene (Ethyne), Ethene, Glycolaldehyde, Propene, Propane, Propyne, Acrolein, Butadiene, Benzene, Phenol vapor, Non-Methane Hydrocarbon, Methanol vapor, methyl chloride, Formic Acid vapor, Acetic Acid vapor, Formaldehyde vapor, Furan vapor, Water Vapor, Ammonia, Nitric Oxide, Nitrous Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Total NOx, Nitrous Acid vapor, Hydrogen Cyanide vapor, Hydrogen Chloride, Sulfur Dioxide, Ozone, Dicloridefluoromethane, Graphitic Carbon, Trisodium Phosphate , Carbonyl Sulfide, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Total Particulate matter, Particulate Matter (2um, 2.5um, 3um, 3.5um, 10um, 48um, Elemental-Carbon to Total-Carbon, Elemental-Carbon to Organic-Carbon), Acetol, 2 Cyclopenten 1-one, 3-furldehyde, 3- oxobutanoic acid, methyl ester, 2- furnmethanol , y-butyrolactone, (5H)-furanone, 2-acetylfuran, 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde, phenol, o-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 2-methylkphenol (o-cresol), 3 and/or Methylphenol (m/p-cresol), 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol), benzoic acid, 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol, 2-methoxy-4-(1-prop-2-enyl)phenol (eugenol), 4- hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzaldehyde (vanillin), vinyl acetate, pyruvic aldehyde, acetic acid, formic acid, propanoic acid, crotonic acid, methanol, butyric acid, hexamethlenetetraamine, pyridine, benzonitrile *Note units are g/kg unless noted otherwise.

Flaming/Smoldering Emissions Factors: Combustion Efficiency, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Methane, Non-Methane Hydrocarbon, Graphitic Carbon, Trisodium Phosphate, Total Particulate matter, Particulate Matter (2.5um, 10um)

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge funding for this project from the Resource Conservation and Climate Change Program Area of the Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program under the Resource Conservation projects SERDP RC-1647, 1648 and 1649.

PNNL logo PSW Fire Lab logo Univ. Montana logo
UC Riverside logo USFS logo RMRS Fire Lab logo

Download version 19 of the SERDP database
(xls; 394 kb)

Download the SERDP Emission Factor Prediction Tool
(xlsm; 336 kb)

Point of Contact:

Emily Lincoln
Rocky Mountain Research Station
Fire Sciences Laboratory 
5775 Hwy 10 West 
Missoula, MT 59808 
406-829-6963

Principal Investigators:

Dr. David R. Weise (Lead)
Pacific Southwest Research Station
Forest Fire Laboratory 
4955 Canyon Crest Drive 
Riverside, CA 92507

Dr. J. Wayne Miller 
UC Riverside CE-Cert
1084 Columbia Ave
Riverside, CA 92521

Dr. Wei Min Hao
Rocky Mountain Research Station
Fire Sciences Laboratory
5775 Hwy 10 West
Missoula, MT 59808

Dr. Robert Yokelson
University of Montana
Department of Chemistry
Missoula, Mt 59812

Contributors:

Ian R. Burling
Formerly with University of Montana Dept. of Chemistry

Supported by:

Resource Conservation and Climate Change Program Area of the Department of Defense

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) - Program Manager: Dr. John Hall