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Extreme Fires Portal: Integrative Activities

Project Meetings

  • The PI and members of the project team have met regularly this project year to coordinate tasks. A project meeting took place October 2012 at the University of Idaho campus in Moscow, Idaho. The Project PI, Alistair Smith, project co-PIs, collaborators, post-docs and graduate students were in attendance.

Conference Sessions Organized

  • In December 2012, PI Smith and CoI Newingham convened a Biogeosciences session at the America Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting on “Disturbance Impacts and Responses.”
  • In December 2013, PI Smith and David Reed convened a Biogeosciences session at the America Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting on “Vulnerability, Disturbances, Impacts, and Responses.” Eight posters representing work completed by the project team were presented. 
  • Most of the NASA project team was involved in hosting a series of climate-extension workshops across Idaho and Montana on a complementary NSF IGERT project.

Publications

The entire project team (social sciences, remote sensing scientists, and ecologists) worked together to explore whether potentially extreme wildland fire events could be determined through analyzing different geospatial metrics. This analysis has led to -

  • Lannom, K.O., Tinkham, W.T., Smith, A.M.S., Abatzoglou, J., Newingham, B.A., Hall, T.E., Morgan P., Strand E.K., Paveglio, T.B.,Anderson, J.W, and Sparks A.M. 2014. Defining extreme wildland fires using geospatial data. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 23, 322-377, doi: 10.1071/WF13065. 


We recently completed a synthesis study, in press in Remote Sensing of Environment that reviews literature that has applied remote sensing imagery to characterize vegetation vulnerability (retrospectively and prospectively). The synthesis included a review of how vegetation vulnerability has been characterized by geospatial data in a wide array of natural (not managed) terrestrial ecosystems, including temperate forests, tropical forests, boreal forests, semi-arid lands, coastal areas, and the arctic. The synthesis highlights key studies that have quantitatively characterized vulnerability in a predictive manner and then presents guidelines on how such spatial data layers can be used to construct spatially explicit decision support tools that can predict vegetation vulnerability under future scenarios (i.e. early warning systems).

  • Smith, A.M.S., Kolden, C.A., Tinkham, W.T., Talhelm, A., Marshall, J.D., Hudak, A.T., Boschetti, L., Falkowski, M.J., Greenberg, J.A., Anderson, J.W., Kliskey, A., Alessa, L., Keefe, R.F., and Gosz, J. 2014. Remote Sensing the Vulnerability of Vegetation in Natural Terrestrial Ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.03.038.

Presentations

  • Birch, Donovan S., Penelope Morgan, Crystal A. Kolden, John T. Abatzoglou, Gregory K. Dillon, Andrew T. Hudak, and Alistair M.S. Smith. 2014. Daily Fire Weather and Environmental Factors Influencing Burn Severity for 42 Forest Fires of Central Idaho and Western Montana, 2005-2011. Poster presentation, Large Wildland Fires: Social, Political & Ecological Effects, University of Montana, Missoula, USA. May 19-23, 2014.
  • Birch, Donovan S., Penelope Morgan, Crystal A. Kolden, John T. Abatzoglou, Gregory K. Dillon, Andrew T. Hudak, and Alistair M.S. Smith. 2014. Daily Fire Weather and Environmental Factors Influencing Burn Severity for 42 Forest Fires of Central Idaho and Western Montana, 2005-2011. Poster Video presentation for Large Wildland Fires: Social, Political & Ecological Effects, University of Montana, Missoula, USA. May 19-23, 2014. Available online: https://www.dropbox.com/s/y3799dsgubsmz8t/AFE_Movie_Birch.mp4
  • Birch, Donovan S., Penelope Morgan, Crystal A. Kolden, John T. Abatzoglou, Gregory K. Dillon, Andrew T. Hudak, and Alistair M.S. Smith. 2013. Daily Fire Weather and Environmental Factors Influencing Burn Severity for 42 Forest Fires of Central Idaho and Western Montana, 2005-2011. Poster presentation, American Geophysical Union, December, 2013.
  • Lannom, K.O., Tinkham, W.T., Smith, A.M.S., Abatzoglou, J.T., Newingham, B.A., Hall, T.E., Morgan, P., Strand, E.K., Paveglio, T.B., Anderson, J.W. and Sparks, A.M. “Defining extreme wildland fires using geospatial and ancillary metrics”, Abstract B13I-0623,  presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 7-13 Dec.
  • Morgan, P., Birch, D., Kolden, C.A. and Smith, A.M.S. “Do Large Fire Runs Result in More Severe Fires?”, Abstract B13I-0633, presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 7-13 Dec.
  • Birch, Donovan S., Penelope Morgan, Alistair M.S. Smith Andrew T. Hudak Crystal A. Kolden, Gregory K. Dillon. 2012. Burn severity and daily areas burned on three large, multiday wildfires across central Idaho and western Montana, 2005 to 2007. Poster presentation, Society of American Foresters, National Convention, October 2012.
  • Smith A.M.S., “Remote sensing of fire intensity and severity” Invited Presentation, South Dakota State University, October 2012.
  • Sparks, A, Smith, A.M.S., Tinkham, W.T., and Yokelson, R.J., "Understanding how seasonality and shifts in species composition impact emission estimates in semi-arid ecosystems", Abstract B31A-0375, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec.
  • Hall, T.E., Kooistra, C.M., Paveglio, T., Gress, S. and Smith A.M.S. “Social and Biophysical Predictors of Public Perceptions of Extreme Fires” Abstract B13I-0627, presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 7-13 Dec.
  • Argona, A.K., Sparks, A.M.,Tinkham, W.T., Smith, A.M.S., Boschetti, L. Newingham, B.A. and Lannom, K.O. “Preliminary assessment of the Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity burned area accuracy for shrub-steppe wildfires”, Abstract B13I-0629, presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 7-13 Dec
  • Morgan, P. 2014. Invited. Socio-Economic, Political and Ecological Impacts of Large Wildland Fires. Panel with Dan Bailey, Penny Morgan, and Matthew Thompson. Invited presentation. Large Wildland Fires: Social, Political & Ecological Effects, University of Montana, Missoula, USA. May 19-23, 2014.
  • Kooistra, C., Hall, T.E., Paveglio, T., & Strand, E. (2014). Post-Wildfire Landscape recovery: Perspectives from remotely sensed images and social science data. Large Wildfire Conference, Association of Fire Ecology and International Association of Wildland Fire. Missoula, MT.
  • Paveglio, T., Kooistra, C., Hall, T.E., & Pickering, T. (2014). Understanding the effect of large wildfires on residents’ well-being: What factors influence wildfire impact? Large Wildfire Conference, Association of Fire Ecology and International Association of Wildland Fire. Missoula, MT.
  • Kooistra, C. (2014). Spatial and Temporal Aspects of People’s Perceptions of Post-Wildfire Landscape Change. Western Forestry Graduate Research Symposium, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
  • Morgan, P. 2014. Invited. Fire and Climate Change, Boise Public Library, Boise, ID, April 10, 2014.
  • Wells, Ashley A., Penelope Morgan, Alistair M.S. Smith, Andrew T. Hudak, Jeffrey A. Hicke. 2014. Burn severity and vegetation response in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, 1900-2007. Poster presented at Large Wildland Fires:  Social, Political & Ecological Effects. University of Montana, Missoula, USA. May 19-23, 2014.
  • Wells, Ashley A., Penelope Morgan, Alistair M.S. Smith, Andrew T. Hudak, Jeffrey A. Hicke. 2013. Burn severity and vegetation response in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, 1900-2007. Poster presentation, American Geophysical Union, December, 2013.
  • Lannom, K.O., Smith, A.M.S., Tinkham, W.T., Strand, E.K. and Satterberg, K. "Development of Extreme Wildland Fire Recovery Chronosequences for the Northern Rockies, U.S.", Abstract B31A-0397, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec.
  • Carroll, M., Paveglio, T., & Kallman, D. (2013). Exploring local perceptions and attributions of “extreme” wildfire impacts in Rural Montana. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. San Fran., CA.
  • Kooistra, C., Hall, T.E., Paveglio, T., Carroll, M., and Smith, A.M. (2013). Perceptions of post-wildfire landscape change and recovery. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. San Fran., CA.
  • Hall, T.E., Kooistra, C., Paveglio, T., Gress, S., Smith, A.M. (2013). Social and Biophysical Predictors of Public Perceptions of Extreme Fires. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. San Fran., CA.
  • Sparks, A.M., Yokelson, R.J., Smith, A.M.S., Marshall, J.D. and Tinkham, W.T. “Understanding how seasonality and shifts in species composition impact emission estimates in semi-arid ecosystems”, Abstract A31C-0085,  presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 7-13 Dec.
  • Carroll, M., Paveglio, T., & Hall, T.E. (2013). Firewise for Whom? Formal and informal means of adapting to the risk of wildland fire. International Association for Society and Natural Resources’ (IASNR) International Symposium for Society and Resource Management (ISSMR). Estes Park, CO. 
  • Hicke, J. A., “The Role of Biotic Disturbance Agents in Carbon-Climate Connections”, National Center for Atmospheric Research Advanced Study Program Summer Colloquium on Carbon-Climate Connections in the Earth System, 6-10 August 2013, Boulder, CO.
  • Hicke, J. A., A. J. H. Meddens, C. D. Allen, and S. Edburg, “Impacts of Insects on Western U.S. Forests,” North American Carbon Program Fourth All-Investigator’s Meeting, 4-7 February 2013, Albuquerque, NM.
  • Hicke, J. A., A. J. H. Meddens, and C. D. Allen, “Extreme disturbance events and the carbon cycle: Bark beetle outbreaks and wildfire in the western US,” North American Carbon Program Fourth All-Investigator’s Meeting, 4-7 February 2013, Albuquerque, NM.
  • Wells, Ashley A., Penelope Morgan, Alistair M.S. Smith, Andrew T. Hudak, Jeffrey A. Hicke. 2012. Burn severity and vegetation response in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, 1900-2007. Poster presentation, Society of American Foresters, National Convention, October 2012. Award Outstanding Student Poster
  • Wells, Ashley A., Penelope Morgan, Alistair M.S. Smith, Andrew T. Hudak, Jeffrey A. Hicke. 2012. Burn severity and vegetation response in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, 1900-2007. Poster presentation, Association for Fire Ecology, 5th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress: Uniting Research, Education, and Management, December 3-7, 2012.  (Award Outstanding Student Poster) 
  • Kemp, K.B., P.E. Higuera, and P. Morgan. (2014, May). Post-fire tree recruitment in the U.S. Northern Rockies: The influence of seed source proximity and patch size. Invited Oral Presentation at the International Association of Wildland Fire and Association for Fire Ecology Large Wildfires Conference; Missoula, MT.
  • Kemp, K.B., P.E. Higuera, and P. Morgan. (2014, August). Post-fire tree recruitment in the U.S. Northern Rockies: The influence of seed source proximity and environmental conditions. Oral Presentation at the Ecological Society of America Conference; Sacramento, CA.