Emissions & Smoke Portal > Educational Resources > Smoke Management and Air Quality for Land Managers Tutorial > Module 4: Communication > Wrap-up

Module Wrap-up

Obviously, complicated topics such as collaboration and communication cannot be completely summarized in a few pages, no more than they can be mastered in a few conversations. Dr. Baruch Fischhoff, Professor of Social and Decision Sciences at Howard Heinz University summarized seven steps in communicating risk in his paper, Risk Perception and Communication Unplugged: 20 Years of Process. When applying these stages to explaining the risk vs benefit of prescribed fire for example, they help demonstrate the complexities of such communication.

Fischhoff's 7 Stages of Communication

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