Publications

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Displaying 1 - 13 of 13

Biomass burning is a significant contributor to atmospheric carbon emissions, but may also provide an avenue in which fire-affected ecosystems can accumulate carbon over time, through the generation of highly resistant fire-altered carbon. Identifying...


Biomass burning by wildland fires has significant ecological, social and economic impacts. Satellite remote sensing provides direct measurements of radiative energy released by the fire (i.e. fire intensity) and surrogate measures of ecological change...


Forests are major components of the carbon cycle, and disturbances are important influences of forest carbon. Our objective was to contribute to the understanding of forest carbon cycling by quantifying the amount of carbon in trees killed by two...


White ash results from the complete combustion of surface fuels, making it a logically simple retrospective indicator of surface fuel consumption. However, the strength of this relationship has been neither tested nor adequately demonstrated with field...


This study evaluates the consumption of coarse woody debris in various states of decay. Samples from a northern Idaho mixed-conifer forest were classified using three different classification methods, ignited with two different ignition methods and...


Coarse woody debris serves many functions in forest ecosystem processes and has important implications for fire management as it affects air quality, soil heating and carbon budgets when it combusts. There is relatively little research evaluating the...


There is a growing professional and public perception that 'extreme' wildland fires are becoming more common due to changing climatic conditions. This concern is heightened in the wildland-urban interface where social and ecological effects...


There is no uniform means for assessing social impact from wildland fires beyond statistics such as home loss, suppression costs and the number of residents evacuated. In this paper we argue for and provide a more comprehensive set of considerations...


Vegetation fires produce biomass combustion residues, with color varying from dark black char to white mineral ash. The color-lightness of char and ash combustion residues is a qualitative parameter describing the post-fire condition of burned areas,...


Space-borne sensors provide the only way to monitor the global distribution and characteristics of fire. Dramatic satellite maps showing fire activity across the entire Earth have been providing a unique picture of fire activity for the last three...


Recent studies in the Western United States have supported climate scenarios that predict a higher occurrence of large and severe wildfires. Knowledge of the severity is important to infer long-term biogeochemical, ecological, and societal impacts, but...


Satellite based fire radiant energy retrievals are widely applied to assess biomass consumed and emissions at regional to global scales. A known potential source of uncertainty in biomass burning estimates arises from fuel moisture but this impact has...


Thermal remote sensing is widely used in the detection, study, and management of biomass burning occurring in open vegetation fires. Such fires may be planned for land management purposes, may occur as a result of a malicious or accidental ignition by...


Brewer, N.W., Tinkham, W.T., Smith, A.M.S., Higuera, P.E., and Hatten, J.A. Impacts of repeated burning on black carbon production in masticated fuels. Geophysical Research Letters, in review.

Sparks, A., Tinkham, W.T., Smith, A.M.S., Boschetti, L. Newingham, B.A. and Lannom, K.O. Preliminary assessment of the Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity burned area accuracy for three shrub-steppe fires, International Journal of Wildland Fire, in review.

Hyde, J.C., Yedanick, K., Tinkham, W.T., and Smith, A.M.S. A review of United States air quality policy considering smoke from wildfires. Fire Ecology, in prep.

Lannom, K., Smith, A.M.S., Tinkham, W.T., Kolden, C., Hudak, A.T., Satterberg, K., and Stand, E.K. Swapping space for time: a methodology to assess a century of fire recovery. Remote Sensing of Environment, in prep.

Sparks, A.M., Yedinak, K., Yokelson, R.J., Tinkham, W.T., and Smith, A.M.S. Emission Factor Seasonality. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, in prep.

Sparks, A.M., Yokelson, R.J., Smith, A.M.S., and Marshall, J. Understanding How Seasonality and Shifts in Species Composition Impact Emission Estimates in semi-arid Ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, in prep.