From the text (p.246) ... 'In sum, because it was seen as deviation from the adaptive 'norm', behavioral flexibility in the class/task association among social insect workers initially was considered to be noise with respect to division...
Fire Behavior Portal
The fire behavior topic page contains resources and activities related to the study and management of the direction, spread and intensity of wildland fire.
Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org)
The Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org) is a collection of long-term assessments, fire progressions, fire behavior reports, and other documents and resources to support fire modeling and assessment of long-duration fires. Each file is tied to some event with a location, a start date, and background information. This site is operated by Rick Stratton and Jim Edmonds of the USFS National Office.
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From the Introduction ... 'It is a well known fact that the presence of moisture exerts considerable influence on the difficulty of ignition and the subsequent rate of combustion of forest fuels. Its effect on ignition is primarily a result of the...
This report provides interim fuel consumption guidelines for five common slash fuel complexes found in Ontario. Slash fuel consumption and depth of burn were found to be related to preburn fuel. loadings, and to fire weather as expressed by the Buildup...
From the Introduction: 'The purpose of the present study is to determine the rate at which various fuels can absorb water. The present study is concerned primarily with relative absorption and drying rates between various types of fuels. Future...
Because cribs of wood are widely used to produce experimental fires it is sometimes necessary to predict their burning behavior especially when their burning rate is not controlled primarily by some other factor such as the window opening in a...
From the text... 'Of all the meteorological elements which are known to affect forest fuel flammability and fire behaviour, rain is the most variable in its areal distribution. in its frequency, and particularly in its amount. While the...
'A recently developed instrument to be used operationally by a variety of industries and disciplines may significantly shorten the time needed to determine dead and live fuel moisture for those people trying to predict prescribed or wildfire...
A study was made of the fuel complex in 70-year old lodgepole pine stands in west-central Alberta to facilitate measurement and prediction of weight-and-size distribution of fuel components. Results showed that the weight of the entire fuel complex...
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Economically sound decisions on fuel treatment require knowledge of treatment costs. Fuel treatment costs derived using an economic cost concept on two National Forests were found to be higher than reported by accounting methods. Costs are sufficiently...
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) are open through 5 pm MST, December 5, 2019.
The Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) announcement FA-FOA0020-001 has one task statement. Proposals must address one or more of the following topic areas:
- Fuels management and fire behavior
- Changing fire environment
- Emissions and air quality
- Fire effects and post-fire recovery
- Relative impacts of prescribed fire versus wildfire
- Human dimensions of fire
The primary announcement FA-FOA0020-002 has one task statement:
- Performance of fuel breaks and fuel break systems
The Regional Fire Science Exchange announcement FA-FOA0020-003 has one task statement focused on leading and executing a regional fire science exchange in the following four regions (see map and supporting information in the FOA):
- Great Basin
- Pacific Islands
Text of the International Association of Wildland Fire (IAWF) statement:
Climate change has already had significant consequences in the global wildfire reality, affecting citizens as well as the global wildland fire community. Many key issues of importance to the IAWF - including firefighter and civilian safety, fire management expenses, changing weather patterns, natural role of fire, fire regimes and ecosystem succession, as well as the wildland urban interface - all require recognition of the role of climate change.
Globally, we regularly see new reports about the “worst”, “largest”, “most expensive”, and “deadliest” fires and fire seasons. In 2019 and 2018, striking headlines read “Arctic on Fire” (Sweden, Russia, Greenland, Canada and Alaska), and the most expensive and largest fire years were recorded in 2018 in California and British Columbia, respectively, breaking the previous records set in 2017. The Camp Fire (CA, 2018), Attica Greece (2018), Black Saturday Australia (2009), and Portugal (2017) fires were all ranked amongst the top 11 deadliest fires in the last 100 years.
Under current climate change scenarios, fire regimes will change in terms of increases in burned area, severity, fire season length, frequency, and ignitions from lightning. Many parts of the world have already experienced an increase in record breaking temperatures and recurring droughts that have led to shifts in wildland fire. There is already evidence of climate-driven fire regime change in the Northern Hemisphere upper latitudes with fire risk increasing in non-traditional fire-prone countries. The consequences of human actions are here today, not in some distant future, and these are alarming and, most important, escalating.
The IAWF encourages all countries to emphasize increased international fire training and to implement easier cross-border sharing of professional fire management resources for suppression and prescribed fire opportunities. These will lessen the irrationally heavy burden any single country will have to carry to manage extreme fire seasons. Homes and communities must be better planned and built, so they are increasingly fire resistant and more adapted to natural disasters of all types. Health impacts of fires have long-term consequences, not only those that are immediate from the flames but also those from smoke and toxins, and these must be considered when planning and managing for future wildland fires. Wildfires and smoke do not recognize borders. As the global community tries to manage the new wildfire challenges, it is incumbent on everyone to prepare to support international neighbours in protecting lives and communities from fires and their impacts.
IAWF Vice-President Toddi Steelman recently said in Wildfire magazine (August 2019) that “Recent extreme weather events have catalysed public belief in, and concern about, climate change, and boosted public support for government actions to reduce its harmful impacts. This gives us a window of opportunity when conditions are right to make great strides on climate if we are strategic about it.” This window of opportunity requires people having the knowledge and political will to act now. Our global scientific community needs to publicly share knowledge learned about patterns of extreme wildland fire and weather, as well as how climate change is associated with these patterns. Our global fire management community needs to leverage its credibility to share its experiences about how climate change and its role in extreme weather is playing out in their day to day work environments. Connecting extreme weather events to real on-the-ground consequences can help more people understand how climate impacts are affecting us all.
The Lake States Fire Science Consortium (LSFSC) is committed to ensuring that the ‘best available science’ is available for planning and managing northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States. Where there are current gaps in the science, the goal of the LSFSC is to assist in filling those gaps so that science informs practice and vice-versa. Unfortunately, for many local fire management issues, there are few resources available to bring managers and scientists together to solve these important issues.
In an effort to enhance the opportunities for managers and scientists to work together, and to expose future professionals to opportunities of management and research collaborations, the LSFSC requests proposals to fund research internships that address relevant fire science and management issues associated with northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States region (See our Ecosystems page for a description of fire-dependent ecosystems that are the focus of the Lake States Fire Science Consortium). Proposals must be developed by joint manager-scientist teams (i.e. both must be listed as co-PIs and equally contribute to proposal development) and outline how the research internship will address a critical need that will help improve management of fire-dependent ecosystems locally. Preference will be given to partnerships that have not yet received funding from the program.
The LSFSC anticipates awarding several $4,000 research internship awards. It is expected that 100% of the funds should go to support the undergraduate internship experience (preferably for salary, though a limited amount of funds may be used to purchase materials and supplies needed to complete the project - funds should not be used as a supplement or summer salary for graduate students). All proposals must be submitted by 5:00 PM Eastern / 4:00 PM Central on Monday, December 9, 2019 by email to Jack McGowan-Stinski. There will be no exceptions to this closing date and time.
Fall Meeting is the largest international Earth and space science meeting in the world. After two dynamic meetings in New Orleans and Washington, D.C., the AGU returns to the Moscone Center in San Francisco to celebrate the past and inspire the future...
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(Please check back later for more information.)
The IAFC's Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) conference offers hands-on training and interactive sessions designed to address the challenges of wildland fire. If you're one of the many people responsible for protecting local forests or educating...
The theme of the Wildland Fire Canada 2019 Conference is new paths, new partnerships. Theme topics include:
- Collaborative strategies and shared learning: focuses on local, regional and national collaborations in wildfire...
Join the Association for Fire Ecology and the Southwest Fire Science Consortium for the 8th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress. The Congress will expand the ecological concept of pyrodiversity to explore interconnectedness among a...
Presented by Victoria Donovan at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nebraska East Union (check kiosk at entrance for room).
Presented by Dr. Clay Blankenship, Universities Space Research Association (USRA)/NASA Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition (SPORT)
Soil moisture is a critical variable for agriculture and for predicting fire risk, and monitoring...
International Arctic Research Center presentation on the extended 2019 wildfire season.
Thursday, Oct. 24, from 2-3 p.m. in Akasofu 401.
Uma Bhatt: ...
This two-week workshop will provide participants with the knowledge and training required to develop and implement prescribed burn plans with a focus on setting ecological objectives, assessing burn complexity, assessing resource needs, contingency...
The International Association of Wildland Fire is presenting this workshop in partnership with the Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC) and the Western, Southeast and Northeast Regional Strategy Committees.
A two day workshop designed for landowners and managers looking to gain skills in prescribed fire planning and implementation. Opportunity to see first hand lands actively managed with prescribed fire.
This conference was the brainchild of renowned plaintiff attorney Ken Roye. Ken's vision was to create a neutral and informative forum for lawyers, experts and others to share their experiences and collaborate in improving how justice is done in...
The Advanced Fire Environment Learning Unit (AFELU) will host three speakers to talk about Predictive Services comparison tools (Robert Ziel, Alaska Fire Science Consortium), predicting fire behavior in Alaska (Chris Moore, Alaska Fire Service), and...