This study monthly combustion tests were conducted on pine green leaves during June 2008 similar to May 2012 (4 years) for combustion pattern analysis of forest fires according to climate change in Korea. As result of research, fuel humidity of 75...
Fire Behavior Portal
The fire behavior topic page contains resources and activities related to the study and management of the direction, spread and intensity of wildland fire.
Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org)
The Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org) is a collection of long-term assessments, fire progressions, fire behavior reports, and other documents and resources to support fire modeling and assessment of long-duration fires. Each file is tied to some event with a location, a start date, and background information. This site is operated by Rick Stratton and Jim Edmonds of the USFS National Office.
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From the text,,,' Using standard fire behavior models, the ecologists relied on these numbers to estimate the effect of native mammalian presence on brushfires. When they input the conditions of the September fire, the model estimated that the...
Human behavior has rapidly evolved from fire-promoting to aggressively attempting to minimize its magnitude and variability. This global shift in human behavior has contributed to the adoption of strict policies that govern the purposeful and planned...
We investigated the correlation of large fires (> 300 ha) from 1992 to 2013 within the borders of the Antalya Regional Directorate of Forestry using the Keetch-Byram drought index (KBDI). Daily KBDI values were calculated for each year, and values...
Prior work shows western US forest wildfire activity increased abruptly in the mid-1980s. Large forest wildfires and areas burned in them have continued to increase over recent decades, with most of the increase in lightning-ignited fires. Northern US...
Ash flows and flooding associated with wildfires represent important but understudied sources of disturbance for fish populations. Knowledge concerning these disturbances is especially limited for larger streams where warm water species dominate. Fire-...
From the text...'results on the relationship between recurrent peatland fires and estimated carbon emissions.' © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Most landscape-scale fire severity research relies on correlations between field measures of fire effects and relatively simple spectral reflectance indices that are not direct measures of heat output or changes in plant physiology. Although many...
Differences in canopy structure and biomass of trees are due to evolved morphologies particular to each species, interactions with neighboring trees during stand development, and environmental constraints on growth. In this paper we examine, how...
We develop a novel risk assessment approach that integrates complementary, yet distinct, spatial modeling approaches currently used in wildfire risk assessment. Motivation for this work stems largely from limitations of existing stochastic wildfire...
Text of the International Association of Wildland Fire (IAWF) statement:
Climate change has already had significant consequences in the global wildfire reality, affecting citizens as well as the global wildland fire community. Many key issues of importance to the IAWF - including firefighter and civilian safety, fire management expenses, changing weather patterns, natural role of fire, fire regimes and ecosystem succession, as well as the wildland urban interface - all require recognition of the role of climate change.
Globally, we regularly see new reports about the “worst”, “largest”, “most expensive”, and “deadliest” fires and fire seasons. In 2019 and 2018, striking headlines read “Arctic on Fire” (Sweden, Russia, Greenland, Canada and Alaska), and the most expensive and largest fire years were recorded in 2018 in California and British Columbia, respectively, breaking the previous records set in 2017. The Camp Fire (CA, 2018), Attica Greece (2018), Black Saturday Australia (2009), and Portugal (2017) fires were all ranked amongst the top 11 deadliest fires in the last 100 years.
Under current climate change scenarios, fire regimes will change in terms of increases in burned area, severity, fire season length, frequency, and ignitions from lightning. Many parts of the world have already experienced an increase in record breaking temperatures and recurring droughts that have led to shifts in wildland fire. There is already evidence of climate-driven fire regime change in the Northern Hemisphere upper latitudes with fire risk increasing in non-traditional fire-prone countries. The consequences of human actions are here today, not in some distant future, and these are alarming and, most important, escalating.
The IAWF encourages all countries to emphasize increased international fire training and to implement easier cross-border sharing of professional fire management resources for suppression and prescribed fire opportunities. These will lessen the irrationally heavy burden any single country will have to carry to manage extreme fire seasons. Homes and communities must be better planned and built, so they are increasingly fire resistant and more adapted to natural disasters of all types. Health impacts of fires have long-term consequences, not only those that are immediate from the flames but also those from smoke and toxins, and these must be considered when planning and managing for future wildland fires. Wildfires and smoke do not recognize borders. As the global community tries to manage the new wildfire challenges, it is incumbent on everyone to prepare to support international neighbours in protecting lives and communities from fires and their impacts.
IAWF Vice-President Toddi Steelman recently said in Wildfire magazine (August 2019) that “Recent extreme weather events have catalysed public belief in, and concern about, climate change, and boosted public support for government actions to reduce its harmful impacts. This gives us a window of opportunity when conditions are right to make great strides on climate if we are strategic about it.” This window of opportunity requires people having the knowledge and political will to act now. Our global scientific community needs to publicly share knowledge learned about patterns of extreme wildland fire and weather, as well as how climate change is associated with these patterns. Our global fire management community needs to leverage its credibility to share its experiences about how climate change and its role in extreme weather is playing out in their day to day work environments. Connecting extreme weather events to real on-the-ground consequences can help more people understand how climate impacts are affecting us all.
The Lake States Fire Science Consortium (LSFSC) is committed to ensuring that the ‘best available science’ is available for planning and managing northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States. Where there are current gaps in the science, the goal of the LSFSC is to assist in filling those gaps so that science informs practice and vice-versa. Unfortunately, for many local fire management issues, there are few resources available to bring managers and scientists together to solve these important issues.
In an effort to enhance the opportunities for managers and scientists to work together, and to expose future professionals to opportunities of management and research collaborations, the LSFSC requests proposals to fund research internships that address relevant fire science and management issues associated with northern fire-dependent ecosystems of the Lake States region (See our Ecosystems page for a description of fire-dependent ecosystems that are the focus of the Lake States Fire Science Consortium). Proposals must be developed by joint manager-scientist teams (i.e. both must be listed as co-PIs and equally contribute to proposal development) and outline how the research internship will address a critical need that will help improve management of fire-dependent ecosystems locally. Preference will be given to partnerships that have not yet received funding from the program.
The LSFSC anticipates awarding several $4,000 research internship awards. It is expected that 100% of the funds should go to support the undergraduate internship experience (preferably for salary, though a limited amount of funds may be used to purchase materials and supplies needed to complete the project - funds should not be used as a supplement or summer salary for graduate students). All proposals must be submitted by 5:00 PM Eastern / 4:00 PM Central on Monday, December 9, 2019 by email to Jack McGowan-Stinski. There will be no exceptions to this closing date and time.
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Todd Hawbaker, Ph.D., US Geological Survey, Denver, CO
Casey Teske, Ph.D., Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL
Complete and accurate burned area...
Organized by the Alaska Fire Modeling and Analysis Committee. Presented by Jennifer Jenkins, BLM Alaska.
Content: Locations and processes for acquiring data used in WFDSS for fire behavior modeling
- Perimeters ...
Researchers investigated the influence of brush cutting and prescribed fire on soil heating levels relevant to restoration goals. Preliminary results support a growing body of evidence that high subsurface moisture and low soil temperatures of late...
Presented by: Wade Steady, M.S. Candidate, Natural Resources
This workshop consists of two intense days of entertaining hands-on activities for teaching students about wildland fire behavior, ecology, management and more. Goals include:
- Engage in activities from the Sierra Nevada FIRE WORKS...
What will you learn?
This presentation introduces a new line of research in our laboratory; one examining the role that nonforest plays in the wildfire resilience of inland montane forests. In past work, we were consistently...
The dates of this training are: March 30-April 13, 2019.
Objectives: To conducta series of controlled burns on The Nature Conservancy’s Niobrara Valley Preservetoprovide experiential learning opportunities to participants....
In association with the Interagency Spring Fire Operations Meeting
2019 Spring Fire Science Workshop:
Thesis Defense by Peter Noble, M.S. Candidate, University of Idaho College of Natural Resources
Major Professor: Dr. Travis B. Paveglio