The performance of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) is analyzed with respect to wildfire behavior in Ontario for a 7-year period (1965-1971). Lightning fires and man-caused fires are analyzed separately and regional differences in fire...
Fire Behavior Portal
The fire behavior topic page contains resources and activities related to the study and management of the direction, spread and intensity of wildland fire.
Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org)
The Wildland Fire Library (firelibrary.org) is a collection of long-term assessments, fire progressions, fire behavior reports, and other documents and resources to support fire modeling and assessment of long-duration fires. Each file is tied to some event with a location, a start date, and background information. This site is operated by Rick Stratton and Jim Edmonds of the USFS National Office.
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The Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) was issued in 1970 after several years' work by a number of fire researchers in the Canadian Forestry Service. The best features of the former fire danger index were incorporated in the FWI, and a link...
Air flow in the natural environment affects the distribution of organisms, mechnical stresses, heat losses by convection, and moisture distribution. Air flow was visualized by bubble tracers in a wind tunnel, and the flow patterns over solid barriers 5...
This report is a bibliography of publications on all aspects of forest fire produced during the period 1961 to 1974 at the Petawawa Forest Experiment Station. There are 52 items, listed chronologically in four categories. A short descriptive note...
From the text... 'The term "mass fire” has been generally used to describe those fires exhibiting the more violent fire behavior with the connotation of both large size and high rates of energy release. Of all the recorded mass fires in urban...
An inexpensive and simple technique for measuring the average wind velocity in the lower 600 m of the atmosphere is proposed. The technique uses 30-g pilot balloons filled with helium. Final position of the balloon is measured by a clinometer and a...
'A wildlife in forest or grassland is made up of the same basic ingredients as a fire which burns in a fireplace: fuels, oxygen, and an ignition source or mechanism. While it may not seem altogether obvious, weather and weather variations exert...
'...Thus the use of fire in mature red and white pine stands has been demonstrated to have definite potential for the control of balsam fir and the establishment of white pine regeneration, whether the management objective is purely commercial or...
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Buoyancy production rates for a pure heat source and for a fire heat source of burning woody fuels show that fire may be regarded as pure source yielding heated air rather than heated combustion products.
University of Wollongong
The Professor/Associate Professor and Director in Bushfire Risk Management leads and fosters excellence in research on fire science, environmental management, climate change and natural hazards, and its application into high-level policy development to improve bushfire risk management. The position is the Director of the Centre for Environmental Risk Management of Bushfires (CERMB) and the NSW Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub (BRMRH). These successful research groups are renowned for their work in engaging with government and industry partners to develop cost-effective strategies to mitigate the risks that bushfires pose to people, property and the environment.
Text of the International Association of Wildland Fire (IAWF) statement:
Climate change has already had significant consequences in the global wildfire reality, affecting citizens as well as the global wildland fire community. Many key issues of importance to the IAWF - including firefighter and civilian safety, fire management expenses, changing weather patterns, natural role of fire, fire regimes and ecosystem succession, as well as the wildland urban interface - all require recognition of the role of climate change.
Globally, we regularly see new reports about the “worst”, “largest”, “most expensive”, and “deadliest” fires and fire seasons. In 2019 and 2018, striking headlines read “Arctic on Fire” (Sweden, Russia, Greenland, Canada and Alaska), and the most expensive and largest fire years were recorded in 2018 in California and British Columbia, respectively, breaking the previous records set in 2017. The Camp Fire (CA, 2018), Attica Greece (2018), Black Saturday Australia (2009), and Portugal (2017) fires were all ranked amongst the top 11 deadliest fires in the last 100 years.
Under current climate change scenarios, fire regimes will change in terms of increases in burned area, severity, fire season length, frequency, and ignitions from lightning. Many parts of the world have already experienced an increase in record breaking temperatures and recurring droughts that have led to shifts in wildland fire. There is already evidence of climate-driven fire regime change in the Northern Hemisphere upper latitudes with fire risk increasing in non-traditional fire-prone countries. The consequences of human actions are here today, not in some distant future, and these are alarming and, most important, escalating.
The IAWF encourages all countries to emphasize increased international fire training and to implement easier cross-border sharing of professional fire management resources for suppression and prescribed fire opportunities. These will lessen the irrationally heavy burden any single country will have to carry to manage extreme fire seasons. Homes and communities must be better planned and built, so they are increasingly fire resistant and more adapted to natural disasters of all types. Health impacts of fires have long-term consequences, not only those that are immediate from the flames but also those from smoke and toxins, and these must be considered when planning and managing for future wildland fires. Wildfires and smoke do not recognize borders. As the global community tries to manage the new wildfire challenges, it is incumbent on everyone to prepare to support international neighbours in protecting lives and communities from fires and their impacts.
IAWF Vice-President Toddi Steelman recently said in Wildfire magazine (August 2019) that “Recent extreme weather events have catalysed public belief in, and concern about, climate change, and boosted public support for government actions to reduce its harmful impacts. This gives us a window of opportunity when conditions are right to make great strides on climate if we are strategic about it.” This window of opportunity requires people having the knowledge and political will to act now. Our global scientific community needs to publicly share knowledge learned about patterns of extreme wildland fire and weather, as well as how climate change is associated with these patterns. Our global fire management community needs to leverage its credibility to share its experiences about how climate change and its role in extreme weather is playing out in their day to day work environments. Connecting extreme weather events to real on-the-ground consequences can help more people understand how climate impacts are affecting us all.
Heart of the Appalachians Fire Learning Network is hosting a multi-disciplinary workshop focused on tackling the challenges of increasing prescribed burn size. Join us for a lively discussion, skill building and sim table exercises.
SAVE THE DATE!
(Please check back later for more information.)
The IAFC's Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) conference offers hands-on training and interactive sessions designed to address the challenges of wildland fire. If you're one of the many people responsible for protecting local forests or educating...
An overview of the Landscape Burn Probability Model - learn how this model can be applied to your work
Fall Meeting is the largest international Earth and space science meeting in the world. After two dynamic meetings in New Orleans and Washington, D.C., the AGU returns to the Moscone Center in San Francisco to celebrate the past and inspire the future...
The theme of the Wildland Fire Canada 2019 Conference is new paths, new partnerships. Theme topics include:
- Collaborative strategies and shared learning: focuses on local, regional and national collaborations in wildfire...
Join the Association for Fire Ecology and the Southwest Fire Science Consortium for the 8th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress. The Congress will expand the ecological concept of pyrodiversity to explore interconnectedness among a...
Presented by Victoria Donovan at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nebraska East Union (check kiosk at entrance for room).
Presented by Dr. Clay Blankenship, Universities Space Research Association (USRA)/NASA Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition (SPORT)
Soil moisture is a critical variable for agriculture and for predicting fire risk, and monitoring...
International Arctic Research Center presentation on the extended 2019 wildfire season.
Thursday, Oct. 24, from 2-3 p.m. in Akasofu 401.
Uma Bhatt: ...
This two-week workshop will provide participants with the knowledge and training required to develop and implement prescribed burn plans with a focus on setting ecological objectives, assessing burn complexity, assessing resource needs, contingency...
The International Association of Wildland Fire is presenting this workshop in partnership with the Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC) and the Western, Southeast and Northeast Regional Strategy Committees.
A two day workshop designed for landowners and managers looking to gain skills in prescribed fire planning and implementation. Opportunity to see first hand lands actively managed with prescribed fire.