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  • Coconino and Kaibab National Forests
  • Ponderosa pine
  • Fire return interval: 2-20 years
  • Represents 2 million hectares in the Southwest


People Sort descending Year Title
Bartuszevige, Kennedy 2009 Synthesis of knowledge on the effects of fire and thinning treatments on understory vegetation in U.S. dry forests
Boerner, Giai, Huang, Miesel 2008 Initial effects of fire and mechanical thinning on soil enzyme activity and nitrogen transformations in eight North American forest ecosystems
Boerner, Huang, Hart 2009 Impacts of Fire and Fire Surrogate treatments on forest soil properties: a meta-analytical approach
Boerner, Huang, Hart 2008 Impacts of fire and fire surrogate treatments on ecosystem nitrogen storage patterns: similarities and differences between forests of eastern and western North America
Chalmers, Hartsough 2001 Thinning and prescribed fire as methods to reduce fuel loading - a cost analysis
Converse, White, Block 2006 Small mammal responses to thinning and wildfire in ponderosa pine-dominated forests of the southwestern United States
Converse 2005 Small mammal responses to forest restoration and fuel reduction
Converse, Dickson, White, Block 2004 Estimating small mammal abundance on fuels treatment units in southwestern ponderosa pine forests
Converse, White, Farris, Zack 2006 Small mammals and forest fuel reduction: national-scale responses to fire and fire surrogates
Edminster, Weatherspoon, Neary 2000 The Fire and Fire Surrogates Study: providing guidelines for fire in future forest watershed management decisions
Hart, DeLuca, Newman, MacKenzie, Boyle 2005 Post-fire vegetative dynamics as drivers of microbial community structure and function in forest soils
Hartsough, Abrams, Barbour, Drews, McIver, Moghaddas, Schwilk, Stephens 2008 The economics of alternative fuel reduction treatments in western United States dry forests: financial and policy implications from the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study
Hurteau, Sisk, Dickson, Block 2010 Variability in nest density, occupancy, and home range size of western bluebirds after forest treatments
Kennedy, Fontaine 2009 Synthesis of knowledge on the effects of fire and fire surrogates on wildlife in U.S. dry forests
Kopper 2002 Meta-analysis design and interpretation: a case study of prescribed fire effects on fuel loadings in ponderosa pine ecosystems
McIver, Erickson, Youngblood 2012 Principal short-term findings of the National Fire and Fire Surrogate study
McIver, Weatherspoon 2010 On conducting a multisite, multidisciplinary forestry research project: lessons from the national fire and fire surrogate study
McIver, Boerner, Hart 2008 The national fire and fire surrogate study: ecological consequences of alternative fuel reduction methods in seasonally dry forests
McIver, Weatherspoon, Edminster 2001 Alternative ponderosa pine restoration treatments in the western United States
Schwilk, Keeley, Knapp, McIver, Bailey, Fettig, Fiedler, Harrod, Moghaddas, Outcalt, Skinner, Stephens, Waldrop, Yaussy, Youngblood 2009 The national Fire and Fire Surrogate study: effects of fuel reduction methods on forest vegetation structure and fuels
Stephens, Moghaddas, Edminster, Fiedler, Haase, Harrington, Keeley, Knapp, McIver, Metlen, Skinner, Youngblood 2009 Fire treatment effects on vegetation structure, fuels, and potential fire severity in western U.S. forests
Weatherspoon 2000 A proposed long-term national study of the consequences of fire and fire surrogate treatments
Youngblood 2010 Thinning and burning in dry coniferous forests of the western United States: effectiveness in altering diameter distributions
Youngblood, Bigler-Cole, Fettig, Fiedler, Knapp, Lehmkuhl, Outcalt, Skinner, Stephens, Waldrop 2007 Making fire and fire surrogate science available: a summary of regional workshops with clients
Youngblood, Metlen, Knapp, Outcalt, Stephens, Waldrop, Yaussy 2005 Implementation of the fire and fire surrogate study: a national research effort to evaluate the consequences of fuel reduction treatments
Fire and Fire Surrogates Study Southern Sierra Nevada (Sequoia, CA) Site Map thumbnail

Site Manager

Carl Edminster
USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station

Site Data Manager

Carl Edminster
USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station

Site Discipline Leaders


Debra Larson
Northern Arizona University


Mike Wagner
Northern Arizona University


Sally Haase
USFS, PSW Research Station


Bob Mathiason
Northern Arizona University


Steve Hart
Northern Arizona University


Rob Speer
Northern Arizona University


Bill Block
USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station