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Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): Martin E. Alexander; Brian J. Stocks; B. Michael Wotton; Rick A. Lanoville
Editor(s): Domingos Xavier Viegas
Publication Date: 1998

The International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment (ICFME) constitutes a major, cooperative, global undertaking involving coordination by the Canadian Forest Service Fire Research Network and the Government of the Northwest Territories' Forest Management Division combined with participation of collaborating scientists and operational fire personnel, principally from Canada and the USA, but with representation from several other countries as well. The initial impetus for the ICFME was oriented towards the testing and calibration of a newly developed physical model for predicting the spread rate and flame front intensity of crown fires. However, the ICFME has also provided the opportunity to examine other aspects or implication of crown fire behaviour, without compromising this primary objective, including linkages to fire-fighter safety/personal protective equipment (PPE) and wildland-urban interface or intermix issues as well as certain ecological and environmental impacts or effects, including concerns about atmospheric chemistry from biomass burning. The five experimental crown fires that have taken place in the last two years are providing valuable new data and insights into the nature and characteristics of crowning forest fires needed for dealing with the fire management problems and opportunities that will be affecting both people and ecosystems in the coming century.

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Citation: Alexander, M.E., B.J. Stocks, B.M. Wotton, and R.A. Lanoville. 1998. An example of multi-faceted wildland fire research: the International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment. Pages 83-112 in Viegas, D.X., Proceedings of the III International conference on Forest Fire Research and 14th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Volume 1. 16-20 November 1998. Luso, Coimbra, Portugal: University of Coimbra.

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Keywords:
  • atmospheric chemistry
  • biomass burning
  • boreal forest
  • Canada
  • crown fire behavior
  • firefighter safety
  • flaming front
  • ICFME - International Crown Fire Modeling Experiment
  • intensity
  • Northwest Territories
  • PPE - Personal Protective Equipment
  • rate of spread
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (https://www.frames.gov/contact)
FRAMES Record Number: 9731