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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Benjamin M. Jones; Crystal A. Kolden; Randi R. Jandt; John T. Abatzoglou; Frank Urban; Christopher D. Arp
Publication Date: 2009

In 2007, the Anaktuvuk River Fire (ARF) became the largest recorded tundra fire on the North Slope of Alaska. The ARF burned for nearly three months, consuming more than 100,000 ha. At its peak in early September, the ARF burned at a rate of 7000 ha d-1. The conditions potentially responsible for this large tundra fire include modeled record high summer temperature and record low summer precipitation, a late-season high-pressure system located over the Beaufort Sea, extremely dry soil conditions throughout the summer, and sustained southerly winds during the period of vegetation senescence. Burn severity mapping revealed that more than 80% of the ARF burned at moderate to extreme severity, while the nearby Kuparuk River Fire remained small and burned at predominantly (80%) low severity. While this study provides information that may aid in the prediction of future large tundra fires in northern Alaska, the fact that three other tundra fires that occurred in 2007 combined to burn less than 1000 ha suggests site specific complexities associated with tundra fires on the North Slope, which may hamper the development of tundra fire forecasting models.

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Citation: Jones, Benjamin M.; Kolden, Crystal A.; Jandt, Randi; Abatzoglou, John T.; Urban, Frank; Arp, Christopher D. 2009. Fire behavior, weather, and burn severity of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River Tundra Fire, North Slope, Alaska. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 41(3):309-316.

Cataloging Information

Topics:
Climate    Fire Behavior    Fire Effects    Fire History    Fuels    Intelligence    Mapping    Models    Monitoring and Inventory    Weather
Regions:
Keywords:
  • 2007 Anaktuvuk River Fire
  • air temperature
  • Betula nana
  • burn severity
  • climatology
  • fire case histories
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire size
  • Ledum palustre
  • lichens
  • North Slope
  • precipitation
  • radiation
  • season of fire
  • senescence
  • soil moisture
  • soil temperature
  • temperature
  • tundra
  • tundra fire
  • wildfires
  • wind
Tall Timbers Record Number: 24201Location Status: In-fileCall Number: Fire FileAbstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (https://www.frames.gov/contact)
FRAMES Record Number: 9459

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.