Document


Title

Fire spread across pine needle fuel beds: characterization of temperature and velocity distributions within the fire plume
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Thierry Marcelli; Paul A. Santoni; Albert Simeoni; Eric Leoni; Bernard Porterie
Publication Year: 2004

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • distribution
  • experimental fire
  • fine fuels
  • fire management
  • fire spread
  • flame length
  • fuel management
  • gas phase
  • laboratory experiments
  • laboratory fires
  • needles
  • pine needle fuel beds
  • Pinus
  • rate of spread
  • temperature
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 8902
Tall Timbers Record Number: 15993
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-I
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

The aim of this article is twofold. First, it concerns the improvement of knowledge on the fundamental physical mechanisms that control the propagation of forest fires. To proceed, an experimental apparatus was designed to study, in laboratory conditions, the flame of a fire spreading across a pine needle fuel bed. Characterization of temperature was managed by using a reconstruction method based on a double thermocouple probe technique developed recently. The vertical gas velocity distribution was derived from the previous reconstructed signals by measuring the transit time of a thermal fluctuation between two points of the flow. Second, the experimental data were used for the testing of a physical two-phase model of forest fire behavior in which the decomposition of solid fuel constituting a forest fuel bed as well as the multiple interactions with the gas phase are represented.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Marcelli, Thierry; Santoni, Paul A.; Simeoni, Albert; Leoni, Eric; Porterie, Bernard. 2004. Fire spread across pine needle fuel beds: characterization of temperature and velocity distributions within the fire plume. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(1):37-48.