Skip to main content

FRAMES logo
Resource Catalog

Document

Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Thierry Marcelli; Paul-Antoine Santoni; Albert Simeoni; Eric Leoni; Bernard Porterie
Publication Date: 2004

The aim of this article is twofold. First, it concerns the improvement of knowledge on the fundamental physical mechanisms that control the propagation of forest fires. To proceed, an experimental apparatus was designed to study, in laboratory conditions, the flame of a fire spreading across a pine needle fuel bed. Characterization of temperature was managed by using a reconstruction method based on a double thermocouple probe technique developed recently. The vertical gas velocity distribution was derived from the previous reconstructed signals by measuring the transit time of a thermal fluctuation between two points of the flow. Second, the experimental data were used for the testing of a physical two-phase model of forest fire behavior in which the decomposition of solid fuel constituting a forest fuel bed as well as the multiple interactions with the gas phase are represented.

Online Links
Citation: Marcelli, Thierry; Santoni, Paul A.; Simeoni, Albert; Leoni, Eric; Porterie, Bernard. 2004. Fire spread across pine needle fuel beds: characterization of temperature and velocity distributions within the fire plume. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(1):37-48.

Cataloging Information

Topics:
Fire Behavior    Fuels    Models
Regions:
Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    International    National
Keywords:
  • distribution
  • experimental fire
  • fine fuels
  • fire management
  • fire spread
  • flame length
  • fuel management
  • gas phase
  • laboratory experiments
  • laboratory fires
  • needles
  • pine needle fuel beds
  • Pinus
  • rate of spread
  • temperature
  • wildfires
Tall Timbers Record Number: 15993Location Status: In-fileCall Number: Journals-IAbstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (https://www.frames.gov/contact)
FRAMES Record Number: 8902

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.