Fire and Fuels Extension: model description
Document Type: Book Chapter
Author(s): Sarah J. Beukema; Elizabeth D. Reinhardt; Julee A. Greenough; Donald C. E. Robinson; Werner A. Kurz
Editor(s): Elizabeth D. Reinhardt; Nicholas L. Crookston
Publication Year: 2003

Cataloging Information

  • Abies grandis
  • Abies lasiocarpa
  • Agropyron spp.
  • air quality
  • biomass
  • catastrophic fires
  • climatology
  • combustion
  • computer program
  • coniferous forests
  • crown fires
  • crown scorch
  • crowns
  • dead fuels
  • decay
  • decomposition
  • diameter classes
  • distribution
  • Douglas-fir
  • duff
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • education
  • FFE-FVS - Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator
  • fire control
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire injuries (plants)
  • fire intensity
  • flame length
  • forest management
  • fuel accumulation
  • fuel dynamics
  • fuel loading
  • fuel management
  • fuel moisture
  • fuel treatment
  • grasses
  • habitat types
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • Larix occidentalis
  • leaves
  • litter
  • live fuels
  • lodgepole pine
  • logging
  • moisture
  • mortality
  • Picea engelmannii
  • pine forests
  • Pinus contorta
  • Pinus monticola
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • ponderosa pine
  • population density
  • population ecology
  • potential fire behavior
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • public information
  • rate of spread
  • regeneration
  • salvage
  • scorch
  • shrubs
  • silviculture
  • site treatments
  • size classes
  • sloping terrain
  • snags
  • stand characteristics
  • stand dynamics
  • statistical analysis
  • surface fires
  • surface fuels
  • Symphoricarpos spp.
  • temperature
  • thinning
  • Tsuga heterophylla
  • Tsuga mertensiana
  • vegetation surveys
  • watershed management
  • wildfires
  • wildland fuels
  • wildlife habitat management
  • wind
  • woody fuels
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 8445
Tall Timbers Record Number: 19152
TTRS Location Status: Not in file
TTRS Call Number: A13.88:RMRS-116 and
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator is a model that simulates fuel dynamics and potential fire behavior over time, in the context of stand development and management. Existing models are used to represent forest stand development (the Forest Vegetation Simulator, Wykoff and others 1982), fire behavior (Rothermel 1972, Van Wagner 1977, and Scott and Reinhardt 2001), and fire effects (Reinhardt and others 1997). These models are linked together with newly developed models of snag and fuel dynamics. Users can simulate fuel treatments including prescribed fire, thinning, and mechanical treatments. Wildland fires can also be modeled. Model output includes predicted fuel loadings over time, and measures of fire hazard including potential flame length, canopy base height and canopy bulk density, torching and crowning indices and potential stand mortality over the simulation period. If a prescribed fire or wildland fire is simulated, output also includes predicted fire behavior, fuel consumption, smoke production, and tree mortality.

Online Link(s):
Beukema, Sarah J.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Greenough, Julee A.; Robinson, Donald C. E.; Kurz, Werner A. 2003. Fire and Fuels Extension: model description. Pages 11-60. In: Reinhardt, Elizabeth; Crookston, Nicholas L. (Editors). The Fire and Fuels Extension to the Forest Vegetation Simulator. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-116. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.