ANNOTATION: This report studied the feasibility of using biomass for renewable energy production as an alternative to onsite burning. Due to the relatively low value of biomass, accurate estimates of volumes and costs of collection and transport are necessary if investment in this type of renewable energy production is possible. Through the use of forest inventory data, remotely sensed data, and spatial data of Ravalli County in Western Montana, it was determined that 12 to 14 green tons per acre of biomass are potentially available for biomass energy production at a reasonable delivered cost. A spatial framework for estimating biomass volumes and costs are established in this article utilizing publicly available forest inventory and remotely sensed data for Ravalli County, Montana. This study identified 67,000 acres of forestland where a potential fuel reduction treatment could deliver renewable biomass to the county at reasonable delivered costs. ABSTRACT: Utilizing timber harvest residues (biomass) for renewable energy production provides an alternative disposal method to onsite burning that may improve the economic viability of hazardous fuels treatments. Due to the relatively low value of biomass, accurate estimates of biomass volumes and costs of collection and delivery are essential if investment in renewable energy production is to occur. We have established a spatial framework for estimating biomass volumes and costs of availability using publicly available data and models for Ravalli County in Western Montana. We used forest inventory data to estimate forest conditions and remotely sensed data to identify lands suitable for treatment and the spatial distribution of biomass resources. Using our framework, we geographically identified approximately 67,000 acres of low elevation, frequent fire interval forestland potentially available for fuel reduction treatment. Our analysis of forest inventory data shows that if a comprehensive forest restoration treatment is applied to these selected forestlands, 12 to 14 green tons per acre of biomass are potentially available for energy production in Ravalli County, Montana, at reasonable delivered costs.