Fire and Fire Surrogate study: annotated highlights from oak-dominated sites
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Author(s): Daniel A. Yaussy; Thomas A. Waldrop
Editor(s): Todd F. Hutchinson
Publication Year: 2009

Cataloging Information

  • American chestnut
  • Appalachian Mountains
  • Castanea dentata
  • coniferous forests
  • Douglas-fir
  • entomology
  • FARSITE - Fire Area Simulator
  • fire management
  • forest management
  • fuel management
  • hardwood forest
  • hickory
  • histories
  • longleaf pine
  • mortality
  • N - nitrogen
  • National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study
  • national forests
  • North Carolina
  • nutrient cycling
  • oak
  • oak - hickory
  • Ohio
  • Piedmont
  • pine hardwood forests
  • Pinus palustris
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • ponderosa pine
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • Quercus
  • regeneration
  • second growth forests
  • SFP - Southern Fire Portal
  • Sierra Nevada
  • soil nutrients
  • soils
  • thinning
  • vegetation
  • wildlife
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 7048
Tall Timbers Record Number: 25543
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.88:NRS-P-46
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The National Fire and Fire Surrogate (FFS) study was implemented to investigate the ecological impacts of prescribed fire and mechanical operations to mimic fire in restoring the structure and function of forests typically maintained by frequent, low-intensity fires. Two of the 12 sites were located in oak-dominated forests, one in Ohio and another in North Carolina. This paper summarizes results from these two sites that have been published in peer-reviewed literature, covering fire history, fuels and fire behavior, entomology, soils and belowground processes, wildlife, and vegetation. We concluded that the FFS treatments did little harm to this ecosystem, benefit many ecosystem components, and promote oak and hickory regeneration. These effects could be transient, however, and need to be studied over the long term to determine sustainability of the ecosystem.

Online Link(s):
Link to this document (464 KB; full text; pdf)
Yaussy, Daniel A.; Waldrop, Thomas A. 2009. Fire and Fire Surrogate study: annotated highlights from oak-dominated sites. Pages 40-50 In: Hutchinson, Todd F. (ed.). Proceedings of the 3rd fire in eastern oak forests conference, 2008 May 20-22, Carbondale, IL. General Technical Report NRS-GTR-P-46. Newtown Square, PA: USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.