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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Sunniva Bloem; Alison Cullen; John T. Abatzoglou; Linda Mearns; Erin J. Belval
Publication Date: 2024

Background: The rising occurrence of simultaneous large wildfires has put strain on United States national fire management capacity leading to increasing reliance on assistance from partner nations abroad. However, limited analysis exists on international resource-sharing patterns and the factors influencing when resources are requested and deployed.

Aims: This study examines the drivers of international fire management ground and overhead personnel deployed to the United States.

Methods: Using descriptive statistics and case examples data from 2008 to 2020, this study investigates the conditions under which international personnel are deployed to the United States and their relationship to domestic resource strain. Factors such as fire weather, fire simultaneity, and the impact on people and structures are analysed as potential drivers of demand for international resources. Additionally, barriers to resource sharing, including overlapping fire seasons between countries are examined.

Key results: The findings indicate that international personnel sharing is more likely when the United States reaches higher preparedness levels, experiences larger area burned, and when fires pose a greater impact on people and structures. However, overlapping fire seasons can limit the ability to share resources with partner nations.

Conclusions and implications: Understanding the factors influencing resource sharing can help improve collaboration efforts and enhance preparedness for future wildfire seasons.

Online Links
Citation: Bloem, Sunniva; Cullen, Alison C.; Abatzoglou, John T.; Mearns, Linda O.; Belval, Erin. 2024. Drivers of international fire management personnel deployed to the United States. International Journal of Wildland Fire 33:WF23093.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • fire management
  • firefighting resources
  • international cooperation
  • key drivers
  • personnel
  • resource sharing
  • simultaneity
  • wildfires
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 69148