Bluetooth 5.0 suitability assessment for emergency response within fire environments
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Brendan Black; Joseph Rafferty; Jose Santos; Andrew Ennis; Philip Perry; Maurice McKee
Publication Year: 2023

Cataloging Information

  • Bluetooth
  • emergency response
  • fire environment
  • IoT - Internet of Things
  • RSSI - received signal strength indicator
  • signal characterization
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: February 10, 2024
FRAMES Record Number: 69070


Natural disasters, such as wildfires, can cause widespread devastation. Future-proofing infrastructure, such as buildings and bridges, through technological advancements is crucial to minimize their impact. Fires in disasters often stem from damaged fuel lines and electrical equipment, such as the 2018 California wildfire caused by a power line fault. To enhance safety, IoT applications can continuously monitor the health of emergency personnel. Using Bluetooth 5.0 and wearables in mesh networks, these apps can alert others about an individual’s location during emergencies. However, fire can disrupt wireless networks. This study assesses Bluetooth 5.0’s performance in transmitting signals in fire conditions. It examined received signal strength indicator (RSSI) values in a front open-fire chamber using both Peer-to-Peer (P2P) and mesh networks. The experiment considered three transmission heights of 0.61, 1.22, and 1.83 m and two distances of 11.13 m and 1.52 m. The study demonstrated successful signal transmission with a maximum loss of only 2 dB when transmitting through the fire. This research underscores the potential for reliable communication in fire-prone environments, improving safety during natural disasters.

Online Link(s):
Black, Brendan; Rafferty, Joseph; Santos, Jose; Ennis, Andrew; Perry, Philip; McKee, Maurice. 2023. Bluetooth 5.0 suitability assessment for emergency response within fire environments. Electronics 12(22):4599.