Guide to monitoring smoke exposure of wildland firefighters
Document Type: Report
Author(s): Timothy E. Reinhardt; Roger D. Ottmar; Michael J. Hallett
Publication Year: 1999

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • C - carbon
  • CO - carbon monoxide
  • FERA - Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
  • fire equipment
  • fire management
  • fire suppression
  • gases
  • health factors
  • human health
  • occupational exposure
  • particulates
  • regulations
  • sampling
  • smoke effects
  • smoke exposure
  • smoke management
  • statistical analysis
  • wilderness areas
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 6897
Tall Timbers Record Number: 12042
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Fire managers and safety officers concerned with smoke exposure among fire crews can use electronic carbon monoxide (CO) monitors to track and prevent overexposure to smoke. Commonly referred to as dosimeters, these lightweight instruments measure the concentration of CO in the air the firefighter's breathe. This guide outlines the protocol developed for sampling smoke exposure among firefighters with CO dosimeters. It provides a basic template for managers and safety officers interested in establishing their own smoke-exposure monitoring program.

Online Link(s):
Link to this document (322 KB; pdf)
Reinhardt, Timothy E.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Hallett, Michael J. 1999. Guide to monitoring smoke exposure of wildland firefighters. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-448. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 15 p.