The dynamics of megafire smoke plumes in climate models: why a converged solution matters for physical interpretations
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Steve Guimond; Jon M. Reisner; Manvendra K. Dubey
Publication Year: 2023

Cataloging Information

  • megafires
  • plume dynamics
  • smoke dispersion
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: April 20, 2023
FRAMES Record Number: 68012


As the climate system warms, megafires have become more frequent with devastating effects. A byproduct of these events is the creation of smoke plumes that can rise into the stratosphere and spread across the globe where they reside for many months. To gain a deeper understanding of the plume dynamics, global climate simulations of a megafire were performed at a wide range of grid spacings from 2.0° down to 7 km, including a 7 km nonhydrostatic experiment. The analysis focuses on how the resolved dynamics affects the specification of the plume characteristics such as injection height and black carbon (BC) mass. Prior studies initialize the smoke plume at one or a few grid points and this is shown here to produce severely dissipative dynamics. In order to validate such simulations with observations, enhancements of the plume characteristics to offset the dissipation is necessary. Using a numerically converged simulation, sensitivity tests show that to approximate the observed stratospheric lifetime, a reduction in BC fraction by 50% is necessary for external mixtures. The vorticity dynamics of the plume is also analyzed with a Lagrangian budget to understand the mechanisms responsible for the evolution of a collocated anticyclonic vortex. The results can be distilled down into a simple conceptual model. As the plume rises, the air diverges at the top of the updraft where the largest concentrations of smoke are found. This divergence induces a dilution of the background cyclonic absolute vorticity producing an anticyclonic vortex. Vortex decay occurs from opposite arguments.

Online Link(s):
Guimond, Steve R.; Reisner, Jon M.; Dubey, Manvendra K. 2023. The dynamics of megafire smoke plumes in climate models: why a converged solution matters for physical interpretations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 15(4):e2022MS003432 .